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Search Publications by: Paul E. Stutzman (Fed)

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Displaying 1 - 25 of 106

Certification of Standard Reference Material(R) 114r Portland Cement Fineness

June 6, 2022
Eduarda Votri, Blaza Toman, Paul E. Stutzman
The SRM 114 series for portland cement fineness has been provided by NIST since 1934 for use in calibrating instruments for measuring fineness characteristics of portland cement and other powdered construction materials. SRM 114r is the latest of this

Certification of Standard Reference Material(R) 2686b Portland Cement Clinker

April 12, 2021
N. Alan Heckert, Laura Mundy, Paul E. Stutzman
A new Standard Reference Material® (SRM) for portland cement clinker has been produced for the Office of Standard Reference Materials at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). The SRM clinkers are intended for use in developing and

Dissolution and Initial Hydration Behavior of Tricalcium Aluminate in Low Activity Sulfate Solutions

January 22, 2020
Alexander Brand, Steven B. Feldman, Paul E. Stutzman, Anton V. Ievlev, Matthias Lorenz, Darren C. Pagan, Sriramya Nair, Justin Gorham, Jeffrey W. Bullard
The effects on cubic tricalcium aluminate (C3A) hydration of alkali or alkaline earth sulfate electrolytes were evaluated by in situ dissolution rate measurements, by ex situ near-surface composition measurements with secondary ion mass spectrometry, and

Performance Testing of Hydraulic Cements: Measuring Sulfate Resistance

May 25, 2018
Chiara F. Ferraris, Paul E. Stutzman, Max A. Peltz
The sulfate resistance of cements used in the construction industry is traditionally assessed by measuring the expansion of a prism of 280 mm (11inch) length and 25 mm (1 inch) square cross section immersed in a sodium sulfate solution for at least one

Enhanced durability of CNT based hierarchical composites subjected to accelerated aging environments.

September 21, 2017
Ajay Krishnamurthy, Donald L. Hunston, Amanda L. Forster, Bharath NMN Natarajan, Sunny Wicks, Paul E. Stutzman, James A. Liddle, Aaron M. Forster, Brian L. Wardle
As carbon nanotube (CNT) based composites are increasingly being identified as viable aerospace materials, it is vital to study their environmental degradation characteristics. In this work, the durability of CNT reinforced hierarchical alumina fiber

Measurement and Modeling Needs for Next-Generation Concrete Binders

July 1, 2017
Jeffrey W. Bullard, Edward J. Garboczi, Paul E. Stutzman, Pan Feng, Alexander S. Brand, John G. Hagedorn, Wesley N. Griffin, Judith E. Terrill
Cementitious binders have become increasingly complex in their variety, mineralogical and chemical compositions, and structure over the past several decades, and there is no sign that the trend will stop or reverse in the future. Strategies for handling

An Improved Basis for Characterizing the Suitability of Fly Ash as a Cement Replacement Agent

June 7, 2017
Tandre Oey, Jason Timmons, Paul E. Stutzman, Jeffrey W. Bullard, Magdalena Balonis, Mathieu Bauchy, Gaurav Sant
Fly ash is a critical yet underutilized material for partial replacement for ordinary portland cement (OPC) in the binder fraction of a concrete. Significant compositional variability, and a lack of rigorous classification methods currently limit fly ash

Influence of Aggregate Characteristics on Concrete Performance

May 16, 2017
Dale P. Bentz, Scott Z. Jones, Paul E. Stutzman, Joshua Arnold, Michael Boisclair, Paul Rothfeld, Jussara Tanesi, Haejin Kim, Jose Munoz, Mengesha Beyene
While the influence of paste properties on concrete performance has been extensively studied and in many cases reduced to quantitative relationships, that between aggregate characteristics and concrete performance has not been investigated in detail. Based

Using Terahertz Waves to Identify the Presence of Goethite via Antiferromagnetic Resonance

April 24, 2017
Edward J. Garboczi, David F. Plusquellic, Robert D. McMichael, Virgil Provenzano, Paul E. Stutzman, Jack T. Surek, Shin G. Chou, Shuangzhen Wang
Virtually every corrosion detection method reports only the presence of a material phase denoting probable corrosion, not its spectral signature. A signature specific to the type of iron oxide corrosion would not only confirm the presence of corrosion but

Cements in the 21st Century: Challenges, Perspectives, and Opportunities

April 21, 2017
Joseph J. Biernacki, Jeffrey W. Bullard, Gaurav Sant, Nemkumar Banthia, Frederik P. Glasser, Scott Jones, Tyler Ley, Richard A Livingston, Luc Nicoleau, Jan Olek, Florence Sanchez, Rouzbeh Shahsavari, Paul E. Stutzman, Sobolev Konstantin, Tracie Prater
In a book published in 1906, Richard Meade outlined the history of portland cement up to that point1. Since then there has been great progress in portland cement-based construction materials technologies brought about by advances in the materials science

Final Report for:EPA: LAG No. DW-13-93903501-0 Expanding a Tool for Predicting Chloride Diffusivity in Concrete So It Can Be Used by Manufacturers to Evaluate the Durability of Concrete Made With Blended Cements. Part I: Characterizing Blended Cement...

February 19, 2017
X Feng, Edward Garboczi, Jeffrey W. Bullard, Kenneth A. Snyder, Paul E. Stutzman, T Mason
This report summarizes a project that dealt with the characterization of a fly ash and fly-ash blended cement material, so that these could be incorporated into the Virtual Cement and Concrete Testing Laboratory (VCCTL) software. The information generated

Mitigation of autogenous shrinkage in repair mortars via internal curing

October 22, 2015
Dale P. Bentz, Scott Z. Jones, Max A. Peltz, Paul E. Stutzman
Repair mortars are being used with increasing frequency to maintain the aging US infrastructure. Durability is a key concern for such repair materials and both their volume stability and bond to the existing concrete are key attributes, the former to avoid

Characterization of clay composite ballistic witness materials

July 29, 2015
Jonathan E. Seppala, Yoonae Heo, Paul E. Stutzman, John R. Sieber, Chad R. Snyder, Kirk D. Rice, Gale A. Holmes
Mechanical and thermal properties of Roma Plastilina Clay #1 (RP1) were studied through small-amplitude oscillatory shear (SAOS), large-amplitude oscillatory shear (LAOS), and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), supplemented with thermogravimetric

Gd(sub 90)Co(sub 2.5)Fe(sub 7.5) Alloy Displaying Enhanced magnetocaloric Properties

July 3, 2015
Virgil Provenzano, Robert D. Shull, G Kletetschka, Paul E. Stutzman
Because of its attractive magnetocaloric properties, gadolinium (Gd) metal is currently the refrigerant of choice in the development of near-room temperature magnetic cooling prototypes (refrigerators, heat pumps, and air conditioners). The overwhelming