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Publications

Search Publications by Gregory F. Strouse

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Displaying 1 - 25 of 69

Recent Developments in Surface Science and Engineering, Thin Films, Nanoscience, Biomaterials, Plasma Science, and Vacuum Technology

May 31, 2018
Author(s)
Miran Mozetic, Alenka Vesel, Gregor Primc, J. Bauer, A. Eder, G. H. S. Schmid, David Ruzic, Zeeshan Ahmed, Daniel S. Barker, Kevin O. Douglass, Stephen P. Eckel, James A. Fedchak, Jay H. Hendricks, Nikolai N. Klimov, Jacob E. Ricker, Julia K. Scherschligt, Jack A. Stone Jr., Gregory F. Strouse, I. Capan, M Buljan, S. Milosevic, C Teichert, S R. Cohen, A G. Silva, M Lehocky, P Humpolicek, C Rodriguez, J Hernandez-Montelongo, E Punzon-Quijorna, D Mercier, M Manso-Silvan, G Ceccone, A Galtayries, K Stana-Kleinschek, I Petrov, J E. Greene, J Avila, C Y. Chen, B Caja, H Yi, A Boury, S Lorcy, M C. Asensio, T Gans, D O?Connell, F Reniers, A Vincze, M Anderle
Nanometer-sized structures, surfaces and sub-surface phenomena have played an enormous role in science and technological applications and represent a driving-force of current interdisciplinary science. Recent developments include the atomic-scale

Quantum for Pressure

January 5, 2018
Author(s)
Jay H. Hendricks, Patrick F. Egan, Jacob E. Ricker, Jack A. Stone Jr., Kevin O. Douglass, Gregory F. Strouse
A team of NIST scientists is working to fundamentally change the way that the unit of pressure is realized and disseminated, an effort that will lead to the elimination of mercury barometer pressure standards.

Perspectives for a new realization of the pascal by optical methods

October 24, 2017
Author(s)
Jay H. Hendricks, Karl Jousten, Jack A. Stone Jr., Patrick F. Egan, Tom Rubin, Christof Gaiser, Rene Schodel, James A. Fedchak, Jacob E. Ricker, Jens Fluegge, Stephen P. Eckel, Julia K. Scherschligt, Daniel S. Barker, Kevin O. Douglass, Gregory F. Strouse, Uwe Sterr, Waldimir Sabuga
Since the beginning of measurement of pressure in the 17th century, the unit of pressure has been defined by the relationship of force per unit area. The present state of optical technology now offers the possibility of using a thermodynamic definition

An integrated and automated calibration system for pneumatic piston gauges

October 17, 2017
Author(s)
Yuanchao Yang, Robert G. Driver, John S. Quintavalle, Julia K. Scherschligt, Katie M. Schlatter, Jacob E. Ricker, Gregory F. Strouse, Douglas A. Olson, Jay H. Hendricks
Recently, a transducer-aided crossfloat (TAC) method for pneumatic piston gauges was proposed. The concept is to use a pressure transducer as a very short-term transfer standard between the standard piston gauge and the test one. Different from the

Cell-based refractometer for pascal realization

July 24, 2017
Author(s)
Patrick F. Egan, Jack A. Stone Jr., Jacob E. Ricker, Jay H. Hendricks, Gregory F. Strouse
We describe a method for determining density of helium via measurements of optical refractivity. In combination with the equation of state, this allows realization of the pascal. Our apparatus is based on the integration of a gas triple-cell into a quasi

MEASURING PRESSURE AND VACUUM WITH LIGHT: A NEW PHOTONIC, QUANTUM-BASED, PRESSURE STANDARD

September 3, 2015
Author(s)
Jay H. Hendricks, Jacob E. Ricker, Jack A. Stone Jr., Patrick F. Egan, Gregory E. Scace, Gregory F. Strouse, Douglas A. Olson, Donavon Gerty
The future of pressure and vacuum measurement will rely on lasers and Fabry-Perot optical cavities, and will be based on fundamental physics of light interacting with a gas. Light interacts at the quantum level with matter such that light travels at a

Optimizing Data Logger Setup for Vaccine Temperature Monitoring

September 1, 2015
Author(s)
Michal J. Chojnacky, Luis Chaves Santacruz, W Wyatt Miller, Gregory F. Strouse
Accidental freezing of refrigerated vaccine represents a significant public and private healthcare cost. Freeze-damaged vaccines lose their effectiveness, putting communities at risk. U.S. immunization programs have strengthened vaccine storage and

Performance of a dual Fabry-Perot cavity refractometer

August 18, 2015
Author(s)
Patrick F. Egan, Jack A. Stone Jr., Jay H. Hendricks, Jacob E. Ricker, Gregory E. Scace, Gregory F. Strouse
We have built and characterized a refractometer that utilizes two Fabry-Perot cavities formed on a dimensionally stable spacer. In the typical mode of operation, one cavity is held at vacuum and the other cavity is filled with nitrogen gas. The

Developing Microwave Photonic Temperature Sensors

July 9, 2015
Author(s)
John S. Quintavalle, Bernard J. Filla, Gregory F. Strouse, Zeeshan Ahmed
In recent years there has been considerable interest in exploiting the temperature dependence of sapphire whispering gallery mode frequency to develop a mechanically stable, high accuracy temperature sensor. Disk-resonator-based devices have been

Fiber Bragg Gratings Embedded in 3D-Printed Scaffolds

June 1, 2015
Author(s)
Peter Liacouras, Khazar Choudhry, Grant Grant, Gregory F. Strouse, Zeeshan Ahmed
In recent years there has been considerable interest in utilizing fiber optic based sensors as embedded sensor for fabricating smart materials. One of the primary motivations is to provide real-time information on the structural health of the material so

The Redefinition of the SI: Impact on Calibration Services at NIST

June 1, 2015
Author(s)
Neil M. Zimmerman, Jon R. Pratt, Michael R. Moldover, David B. Newell, Gregory F. Strouse
As most readers are probably at least vaguely aware, it is likely that the SI system of units will be redefied in 2018. This redefinition would fundamentally change the logical structure of the SI, with one result being a substantial change in how mass is

Transitioning from mercury thermometers to alternative thermometers

May 14, 2015
Author(s)
Christina D. Cross, W Wyatt Miller, Gregory F. Strouse
The presentation discusses approaches to effectively transition from mercury thermometers to alternative thermometers with the goal of reducing the level of mercury released into the environment from the disposal or accidental breakage of mercury

In-situ Temperature Calibration Capability for Dimensional Metrology

December 15, 2014
Author(s)
Prem K. Rachakonda, Daniel S. Sawyer, Balasubramanian Muralikrishnan, Christopher J. Blackburn, Craig M. Shakarji, Gregory F. Strouse, Steven D. Phillips
The Dimensional Metrology Group (DMG) at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has developed a new in-situ temperature calibration system. This paper discusses the system components, an in-situ calibration procedure, the uncertainty

In-situ Temperature Calibration Capability for Dimensional Metrology

December 1, 2014
Author(s)
Prem K. Rachakonda, Daniel S. Sawyer, Balasubramanian Muralikrishnan, Christopher J. Blackburn, Craig M. Shakarji, Gregory F. Strouse, Steven D. Phillips
The Dimensional Metrology Group (DMG) at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has the capability to perform large range dimensional measurements in a facility, called the Tape Tunnel. The Tape Tunnel is equipped with a 60 m long steel

In Search of Better Pressure Standards

August 1, 2014
Author(s)
Jay H. Hendricks, Jacob E. Ricker, Patrick F. Egan, Gregory F. Strouse
Based on highly accurate optical interferometry and fundamental quantum calculations, researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) in the US are developing an improved definition of the SI unit for pressure that will consign the

Metrology for comparison of displacements at the picometer level

July 31, 2014
Author(s)
Jack A. Stone Jr., Patrick F. Egan, Jay H. Hendricks, Gregory F. Strouse, Douglas A. Olson, Jacob E. Ricker, Gregory E. Scace, Donavon Gerty
An apparatus capable of comparing displacements with picometer accuracy is currently being designed at NIST. In principle, we wish to compare one displacement in vacuum to a second, equal displacement in gas, in order to determine gas refractive index. If

Effect of Impurities on Water Triple Point Cells

July 15, 2014
Author(s)
A Peruzzi, J. van Geel, A. Uytun, M. Kalemci, E. Uysal, Gregory F. Strouse, Yoana Y. Nuevo Ordonez, William C. Davis
Water triple point cells are the basis for the definition of the Kelvin and for the realization of the International Temperature Scale of 1990. The temperature differences between the cells are mainly caused by impurities arising in the cell water from the

Ultra-Sensitive Chip-Based Photonic Temperature Sensor Using Ring Resonator Structures

February 3, 2014
Author(s)
Haitan Xu, Mohammad Hafezi, Jingyun Fan, Jacob M. Taylor, Gregory F. Strouse, Zeeshan Ahmed
Temperature is one of the most measured quantity in the world, second only to time. Recently there has been considerable interest in developing photonic temperature sensors to leverage advancements in frequency metrology. Here we show that Silicon based

Picometer Metrology for Precise Measurement of Refractive Index, Pressure, and Temperature

December 18, 2013
Author(s)
Jack A. Stone Jr., Patrick F. Egan, Donavon Gerty, Jay H. Hendricks, Douglas A. Olson, Jacob E. Ricker, Gregory E. Scace, Gregory F. Strouse
Fabry-Perot interferometers can be used for very precise measurement of the refractive index of gasses. This can enable increased accuracy of interferometer-based length measurement. In addition, because the refractive index of a gas depends on its

Picometer metrology for precise measurement of refractive index, pressure, and temperature

July 14, 2013
Author(s)
Jack A. Stone Jr., Patrick F. Egan, Jay H. Hendricks, Gregory F. Strouse, Douglas A. Olson, Jacob E. Ricker, Gregory E. Scace
For several years we have been studying the use of Fabry-Perot interferometers for precise measurement of the refractive index of gasses, where the primary motivation has been to improve interferometer-based length measurement. Because the refractive index

Faster, Better, Cheaper: New Automated Vacuum Calibration Service at NIST

October 1, 2012
Author(s)
Jacob E. Ricker, Jay H. Hendricks, Douglas A. Olson, Gregory F. Strouse
In today’s fast-paced world and ever expanding quality assurance requirements, the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has developed a system to fill the need for faster, better, and cheaper low pressure calibrations (0.65 Pa to 130 kPa)