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Search Publications by: Alan Migdall (Fed)

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Displaying 1 - 25 of 217

Comparison of the detection efficiency calibration of a single-photon avalanche detector between NIST and PTB

September 12, 2023
Hristina Georgieva, Thomas Gerrits, Helmuth Hofer, Anouar Rahmouni, Oliver T. Slattery, Marco Lopez, Joshua Bienfang, Alan Migdall, Stefan Kueck
The detection efficiency of a commercial single-photon avalanche detector (SPAD) has been independently determined at two national metrology institutes, the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) - USA and the Physikalisch-Technische

Single-photon Sources and Detectors Dictionary

September 7, 2023
Joshua Bienfang, Thomas Gerrits, Paulina Kuo, Alan Migdall, Sergey Polyakov, Oliver T. Slattery
The intention of this dictionary is to define relevant terms and metrics used in the characterization of single-photon detectors and sources with the goal to promote better understanding and communication of those metrics across the single-photon

Photon echoes using atomic frequency combs in Pr:YSO -- experiment and semiclassical theory

January 30, 2023
Zachary H. Levine, Aditya N. Sharma, Kumel H. Kagalwala, Martin A. Ritter, Eli J. Weissler, Elizabeth A. Goldschmidt, Alan Migdall
Photon echoes in rare-earth-doped crystals are studied to understand the challenges of making broadband quantum memories using the atomic frequency comb (AFC) protocol in systems with hyperfine structure. The hyperfine structure of Pr3+ poses an obstacle

A self-validated detector for characterization of quantum network components

May 7, 2022
Anouar Rahmouni, Thomas Gerrits, Alan Migdall, Oliver T. Slattery, Ping-Shine Shaw, Joseph P. Rice
We are developing a nearly polarization-independent, low-cost optical trap detector between 1000 nm and 1550 nm for optical power measurements. A NIST-traceable optical power calibration of this trap detector showed a promising result.

Calibration of free-space and fiber-coupled single-photon detectors

September 14, 2020
Thomas Gerrits, Alan L. Migdall, Joshua C. Bienfang, John H. Lehman, Sae Woo Nam, Oliver T. Slattery, Jolene D. Splett, Igor Vayshenker, Chih-Ming Wang
We present our measurements of the detection efficiency of free-space and fiber-coupled single- photon detectors at wavelengths near 851 nm and 1533.6 nm. We investigate the spatial uniformity of one free-space-coupled silicon single-photon avalanche diode

Single-Photon Sources: Approaching the Ideal through Multiplexing

April 30, 2020
Alan L. Migdall, Evan Meyer-Scott, Christine Silberhorn
We review the rapid recent progress in single-photon sources based on multiplexing multiple probabilistic photon-creation events. Such multiplexing allows higher single-photon probabilities and lower contamination from higher-order photon states. We study

Calibration of free-space and fiber-coupled single-photon detectors

December 20, 2019
Thomas Gerrits, Alan L. Migdall, Joshua C. Bienfang, John H. Lehman, Sae Woo Nam, Jolene D. Splett, Igor Vayshenker, Chih-Ming Wang
We measure the detection efficiency of single-photon detectors at wavelengths near 851 nm and 1533.6 nm. We investigate the spatial uniformity of one free-space-coupled single-photon avalanche diode and present a comparison between fusion-spliced and

Electromagnetically induced transparency in inhomogeneously broadened solid media

May 15, 2019
Kumel H. Kagalwala, Fan Haoquan, Sergey Polyakov, Alan L. Migdall, Elizabeth A. Goldschmidt
We study, theoretically and experimentally, electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) in two di erent solid-state systems. Unlike many implementations in homogeneously broadened media, these systems exhibit inhomogeneous broadening of their optical

Design and performance study of actively holding-off GHz-gated InGaAs/InP SPADs

May 13, 2019
Alessandro Restelli, Joshua C. Bienfang, Alan L. Migdall
High-speed periodic gating of InGaAs/InP single-photon avalanche diodes (SPADs) has allowed these detectors to operate at count rates above $10^8$ per second with low-afterpulsing. However, a drawback of high-speed periodic gating is that bias gates are

Switchable detector array scheme to reduce the effect of single-photon detector's deadtime in a multi-bit/photon quantum link

February 25, 2019
Cong Liu, YONGXIONG Ren, Jiapeng Zhao, MOHAMMAD MIRHOSSEINI, SEYED RAFSANJANI, GUODONG XIE, Kai Pang, Zhe Zhao, Long Li, Joshua Bienfang, Alan L. Migdall, Todd Brun, Moshe Tur, Robert Boyd, Alan Wilner
We explore the use of a switchable single-photon detector (SPD) array to reduce the effect of individual SPDs' deadtime for a multi-bit/photon quantum link such as M-orbital-angular-momentum (OAM)-encoded one. Our method uses 􀡺 SPDs with a controllable 􀡹 ×

A post-processing-free single-photon random number generator with ultra-low latency.

December 10, 2018
Michael A. Wayne, Joshua C. Bienfang, Zachary H. Levine, Alan L. Migdall
The low-latency requirements of a practical loophole-free Bell test preclude time-consuming post- processing steps that are often used to improve the statistical quality of a physical random number generator (RNG). Here we demonstrate a post-processing

Progress on Single Photon Detector Efficiency Calibrations at NIST

June 14, 2017
Thomas Gerrits, John H. Lehman, Alan Migdall, Sae Woo Nam, Igor Vayshenker, Chih-Ming Wang
We report on our progress towards implementing a measurement service aimed at the calibration of single-photon detectors. We present how our calibration is tied to the calibration of our transfer standard optical fiber power meters. We also developed and

Coherent quantum frequency bridge: phase preserving, nearly-noiseless parametric frequency converter

May 3, 2017
Ivan A. Burenkov, Yu-Hsiang Cheng, Tim O. Thomay, Glenn S. Solomon, Alan L. Migdall, Thomas Gerrits, Adriana E. Lita, Sae Woo Nam, Lynden K. Shalm, Sergey V. Polyakov
We characterize an efficient and nearly-noiseless parametric frequency upconverter. The ultra- low noise regime is reached by the wide spectral separation between the input and pump frequencies and the low pump frequency relative to the input photons. The

A strong loophole-free test of local realism

December 16, 2015
Lynden K. Shalm, Evan Meyer-Scott, B. G. Christensen, Peter L. Bierhorst, Michael A. Wayne, Deny Hamel, Martin J. Stevens, Thomas Gerrits, Scott C. Glancy, Michael S. Allman, Kevin J. Coakley, Shellee D. Dyer, Adriana E. Lita, Varun B. Verma, Joshua C. Bienfang, Alan L. Migdall, Yanbao Zhang, William Farr, Francesco Marsili, Matthew D. Shaw, Jeffrey Stern, Carlos Abellan, Waldimar Amaya, Valerio Pruneri, Thomas Jennewein, Morgan Mitchell, P. G. Kwiat, Richard P. Mirin, Emanuel H. Knill, Sae Woo Nam
We present a loophole-free violation of local realism using entangled photon pairs. We ensure that all relevant events in our Bell test are spacelike separated by placing the parties far enough apart and by using fast random number generators and high

Statistically background-free, phase-preserving parametric up-conversion with faint light

July 9, 2015
Yu-Hsiang Cheng, Tim O. Thomay, Glenn S. Solomon, Alan L. Migdall, Sergey Polyakov
We demonstrate phase preservation in a frequency up-conversion process at the single-photon level. This phase preservation enables the applications of frequency conversion of entangled photon pairs. Periodically poled lithium niobate waveguides and a 1550

Absolute Calibration of a Variable Attenuator Using Few-Photon Pulses

June 12, 2015
Zachary H. Levine, Boris L. Glebov, Adam L. Pintar, Alan L. Migdall
We demonstrate the ability to calibrate a variable optical attenuator directly at the few photon level using a Superconducting Transition Edge Sensor (TES). Because of the inherent linearity of photon number resolving detection, no ex- ternal calibrations

Reconstruction of mode structure of faint sources and its applications

December 19, 2014
Sergey V. Polyakov, Alan L. Migdall, Elizabeth A. Goldschmidt, Giorgio Brida, Stefan Kuck, Fabrizio Piacentini, Ivo P. Degiovanni, I. Ruo Berchera, Marco Genovese
We build upon our newly developed mode reconstruction technique that takes advantage of higher-order photon number statistics and propose new experiments.

Experimental Bounds on Classical Random Field Theories

December 10, 2014
Joffrey K. Peters, Sergey V. Polyakov, Jingyun Fan, Alan L. Migdall
Alternative theories to quantum mechanics motivate important fundamental tests of our understanding and description of the smallest physical systems. Here we place experimental limits on those classical field theories which result in power-dependent

Photon-number uncertainty in a superconducting transition-edge sensor beyond resolved-photon-number determination

September 10, 2014
Zachary H. Levine, Boris L. Glebov, Alan L. Migdall, Thomas Gerrits, Brice R. Calkins, Adriana E. Lita, Sae Woo Nam
As part of an effort to extend fundamental single-photon measurements into the macroscopic regime, we explore how best to assign photon-number uncertainties to output waveforms of a superconducting Transition Edge Sensor (TES) and how those assignments

Sub-wavelength interference of thermal light with photon-number resolving detection

September 10, 2014
Yanhua (. Zhai, Francisco E. Becerra Chavez, Jingyun Fan, Alan L. Migdall
We examine the spatial correlation of thermal-light diffracted through a double-slit using photon-number-resolved detection to directly measure high-order correlations. We observe sinusoidal modulations of the spatial coherence in the diffracted light

Topological Robustness of Transport Statistics for Photons in a Synthetic Gauge Field

August 20, 2014
Sunil Mittal, Jingyun Fan, Sanli Faez, Alan L. Migdall, Jacob M. Taylor, Mohammad Hafezi
Electronic transport through a disordered medium leads generically to localization, where conductance drops exponentially with system size, even at zero temperature. The addition of gauge fields to disordered media leads to fundamental changes in transport