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Search Publications

NIST Authors in Bold

Displaying 1 - 25 of 1279

Rapid Identification of Synthetic Routes to Functional Metastable Phases Using X-Ray Probed Laser Anneal Mapping (XPLAM) Time-Temperature Quench Maps

June 6, 2021
Robert T. Bell, Peter A. Beaucage, Marc J. Murphy, Aine Connolly, David Ginley, Ulrich Wiesner, R. B. Van Dover, Michael O. Thompson
Most material systems have known or predicted functional phases that are metastable at standard temperature and pressure. While substantial advances have been made in the high-throughput and combinatorial synthesis of materials with a range of

Exploring the First High Entropy Thin Film Libraries: Composition spread-controlled Crystalline Structure

March 19, 2021
Thi X. Nguyen, Yen-Hsun Su, Jason Hattrick-Simpers, Takahiro Nagata, Howard Joress, Kao-Shuo Chang, Suchismita Sarker, Apurva Mehta, Jyh-Ming Ting
Thin films of two types of high-entropy oxides (HEOs) have been deposited on 76.2 mm Si wafers using combinatorial sputter deposition. In one type of the oxides, (MgZnMnCoNi)Ox, all the metals have a stable divalent oxidation state and similar cationic

Shoulder fillet effects in strength distributions of MEMS components

November 6, 2020
Frank W. DelRio, Brad L. Boyce, Jake T. Benzing, Lawrence H. Friedman, Robert F. Cook
The failure forces and fracture strengths of polysilicon MEMS components in the form of stepped tensile bars with shoulder fillets were measured using a sequential failure chain methodology. Approximately 150 specimens for each of four fillet geometries

Materials Research & Measurement Needs for Ceramics Additive Manufacturing

November 1, 2020
Andrew J. Allen, Igor Levin, Suzanne E. Witt
We report on a recent workshop dedicated to additive manufacturing (AM) of ceramics that was held at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) in November 2019. This two- day all-invited meeting brought together experts from industry

Local negative permittivity and topological-phase transition in polar skyrmions

October 12, 2020
Sujit Das, Zijian Hong, Vladimir Stoica, Mauro A. Goncalves, Yu-Tsun Shao, Eric Parsonnet, Eric J. Marksz, Sahar Saremi, Margaret McCarter, A Reynoso, Christian J. Long, Aaron M. Hagerstrom, D Meyers, V Ravi, B Prasad, H Zhou, Z Zhang, H Wen, F Gomez-Ortiz, P Garcia-Fernandez, J Bokor, J Iniguez, J Freeland, Nathan D. Orloff, J Junquera, Long-Qing Chen, Sayeef Salahuddin, David A. Muller, L Martin, R. Ramesh
Topological solitons such as magnetic skyrmions have drawn enormous attention as stable quasi- particle-like objects. The recent discovery of polar vortices and skyrmions in ferroelectric- oxide superlattices, exhibiting exotic physical phenomena, has

Microscale Mapping of Structure and Stress in Barium Titanate

April 19, 2020
Jane A. Howell, Mark D. Vaudin, Lawrence H. Friedman, Robert F. Cook
Cross-correlation of electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) patterns was used to generate rotation, strain, and stress maps of single-crystal tetragonal barium titanate (BaTiO3) containing isolated, small, sub-micrometer a domains separated from a c-

Dynamic Compression Tests of Alumina Dumbbells Using a Spherical Joint

December 19, 2019
Richard Rhorer, George D. Quinn, Steven P. Mates
The dynamic compressive strength of ceramic armor materials is difficult to obtain experimentally due to the sensitivity of fracture strength to even small bending stresses. In this work we introduce a spherical joint into a compression Kolsky bar to

Stress measurements in alumina by optical fluorescence: revisited

August 27, 2019
Robert F. Cook, Chris A. Michaels
Stress measurements in single crystal and polycrystalline alumina are revisited using a recently-developed optical fluorescence energy shift method. The method simultaneously utilizes the R1 and R2 Cr-related ruby line shifts in alumina to determine two


July 27, 2019
Jeffrey T. Fong, Pedro V. Marcal, Robert B. Rainsberger, Nathanael A. Heckert, James J. Filliben
When a small crack is detected in a pressure vessel or piping, we can estimate the fatigue life of the vessel or piping by applying the classical law of fracture mechanics for crack growth if we are certain that the crack growth exponent is correct and the

Disordered Heterogeneous Materials

July 1, 2019
Andrew J. Allen
This chapter describes the use of diffraction-based methods to characterize amorphous or disordered heterogeneous materials. Quantitative materials microstructure characterization using small-angle scattering methods is emphasized. While these techniques

An Inter-Laboratory Comparative High Throughput Experimental Materials Study of Zn-Sn-Ti-O Thin Films

March 19, 2019
Jason R. Hattrick-Simpers, Zachary T. Trautt, Kamal Choudhary, Aaron G. Kusne, Feng Yi, Martin L. Green, Sara Barron, Andriy Zakutayev, Nam Nguyen, Caleb Phillips, John Perkins, Ichiro Takeuchi, Apurva Mehta
High throughput experimental (HTE) techniques are an increasingly important way to accelerate the rate of materials research and development for many possible applications. However, there are very few publications on the reproducibility of the HTE results

Exposure Study on the Aging of PTFE and Ceramic Diffusers

February 6, 2019
Benjamin K. Tsai, Catherine C. Cooksey, David W. Allen, Christopher C. White, Walter E. Byrd, Deborah S. Jacobs
This paper describes efforts to quantify the effects of aging in the ultraviolet (UV) on polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) and ceramic samples. Long term UV aging may significantly alter the reflectance factor and cause an error in the calibration of

Uncertainty Quantification of Failure Probability and a Dynamic Risk Analysis of Decision Making for Maintenance of Ageing Infrastructure

January 2, 2019
Jeffrey T. Fong, James J. Filliben, Nathanael A. Heckert, Dennis D. Leber, Paul A. Berkman, Robert E. Chapman
Risk, as the product of failure probability and failure consequence, has been estimated and applied by engineers and managers to help make critical decisions on (a) maintenance of ageing plants, and (b) planning of new infrastructure. For ageing plants


April 3, 2018
Jeffrey T. Fong, Nathanael A. Heckert, James J. Filliben, Marvin J. Cohn
Uncertainty in modeling the creep rupture life of a full-scale component using experimental data at microscopic (Level 1), specimen (Level 2), and full-size (Level 3) scales, is addressed by applying statistical theory of prediction intervals, and that of

Experimental scattering matrix for lunar regolith simulant JSC-1A at visible wavelengths

March 8, 2018
Edward J. Garboczi, Ann C. Chiaramonti Debay, Thomas V. Lafarge, O Munoz, J Escobar-Cerezo, D Guirado, JC Gomez-Martin, Jay Goguen, F Moreno
We present the experimental scattering matrix as a function of the scattering angle of the lunar soil simulant JSC-1A. The measurements were performed at 488 nm, 520 nm and 647 nm, covering the range of scattering angles from 3o to 177o. The size

High-throughput first principles search for new ferroelectrics

January 31, 2018
Kevin F. Garrity
We use a combination of symmetry analysis and high-throughput density functional theory calculations to search for new ferroelectric materials. We use two search strategies to identify candidate materials. In the first strategy, we start with non-polar

Correction of an adding-doubling inversion algorithm for the measurement of the optical parameters of turbid media

January 1, 2018
Paul Lemaillet, Catherine C. Cooksey, Jeeseong Hwang, Heidrun Wabnitz, Dirk Grosenick, Lin Yang, David W. Allen
We present broadband measurements of the optical properties of tissue-mimicking solid phantoms using a single integrating sphere to measure the hemispherical reflectance and transmittance under a direct illumination at the normal incident angle. These

Fast-Responding Bio-Based Shape Memory Thermoplastic Polyurethanes

July 14, 2017
Zoran S. Petrovic, Jelena Milic, Fan Zhang, Jan Ilavsky
Fast response shape-memory polyurethanes were prepared from bio-based polyols, diphenyl methane diisocyanate and butane diol. The bio-based polyester polyols were synthesized from 9-hydroxynonanoic acid, a product obtained by ozonolysis of fatty acids
Displaying 1 - 25 of 1279