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Displaying 1 - 25 of 609

Entanglement Thresholds of Doubly Parametric Quantum Transducers

April 29, 2022
Author(s)
Curtis Rau, Akira Kyle, Alexander T. Kwiatkowski, Ezad Shojaee, John Teufel, Konrad Lehnert, Tasshi Dennis
Doubly parametric quantum transducers, such as electro-optomechanical devices, show promise for providing the critical link between quantum information encoded in highly disparate frequencies such as in the optical and microwave domains. This technology

Demonstration that Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen Steering Requires More than One Bit of Faster-than-Light Information Transmission

April 13, 2022
Author(s)
Yu Xiang, Michael Mazurek, Joshua Bienfang, Michael Wayne, Carlos Abellan, Waldimar Amaya, Morgan Mitchell, Richard Mirin, Sae Woo Nam, Qiongyi He, Marty Stevens, Krister Shalm, Howard Wiseman
Schrödinger held that a local quantum system has some objectively real quantum state and no other (hidden) properties. He therefore took the Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen (EPR) phenomenon, which he generalized and called 'steering', to require nonlocal

Measurements of IP3 and P1dB for Spectrum Monitoring with Software Defined Radios

March 30, 2022
Author(s)
Mike McNulty, Dazhen Gu, Dan Kuester, Payam Nayeri
This paper discusses methodology for characterizing linearity summary parameters of software-defined radio receivers. First, we introduce a highly automated testbed for 1-dB compression point (P1dB) and third-order input intercept point (IIP3). With this

Smart Cities and Communities: A Key Performance Indicators Framework

February 24, 2022
Author(s)
Martin Serrano, Edward Griffor, David A. Wollman, Michael Dunaway, Martin Burns, Sokwoo Rhee, Chris Greer
This publication presents research findings and scientific work that advance the development and progression of smart city and community measurement methodology. The term 'smart,' as used in the phrase 'smart cities,' is defined here as the efficient use

Welcome to SAMURAI's documentation!

January 13, 2022
Author(s)
Alec Weiss, Jeanne Quimby, Rod Leonhardt, Ben Jamroz, Peter Vouras, Kate Remley, Dylan Williams
The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Communication Technology Laboratory (CTL) developed the Synthetic Aperture Measurement with Uncertainties and Angle of Arrival (SAMURAI) millimeter-wave testbed and technique. SAMURAI utilizes a

Optical Fiber Time Delay Comparison between NIST and LAMETRO

January 10, 2022
Author(s)
Tasshi Dennis, Johnny Jimenez
We describe the results of a bilateral measurement comparison of optical fiber time delay between the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST, USA) and Laboratorio de Metrología, Instituto Costarricense de Electricidad (LAMETRO-ICE, Costa Rica

On Convergence of the Upper Bound on the Ratio of Gain to Quality Factor

December 6, 2021
Author(s)
Alex Yuffa, Marc Valdez, Benoit Derat
An antenna's practical far-field distance can be estimated from the upper bound on the ratio of its gain to quality factor. This upper bound is an infinite series that can be truncated based on the desired far-field accuracy. We investigate the convergence

Electro-optically derived millimeter-wave sources with phase and amplitude control

October 12, 2021
Author(s)
Bryan Bosworth, Nick Jungwirth, Kassi Smith, Jerome Cheron, Franklyn Quinlan, Ari Feldman, Dylan Williams, Nate Orloff, Chris Long
Integrated circuits are building blocks in millimeter-wave handsets and base stations, requiring nonlinear characterization to optimize performance and energy efficiency. Today's sources use digital-to-analog converters to synthesize arbitrary electrical

A Hybrid Wired/Wireless Deterministic Network for Smart Grid

July 26, 2021
Author(s)
Bin Hu, Hamid Gharavi
With the rapid growth of time-critical applications in smart grid, robotics, autonomous vehicles, and industrial automation, demand for high reliability, low latency and strictly bounded jitter is sharply increasing. High-precision time synchronization

Resource optimization of quantum-enabled channels using novel modulation schemes

July 21, 2021
Author(s)
Jabir Marakkarakath Vadakkepurayil, FNU Nur Fajar Rizqi Annafianto, Ivan Burenkov, Abdella Battou, Sergey Polyakov
We introduce new practical modulation schemes inspired by the quantum measurement. We experimentally show that our quantum-enabled communication system optimizes the combined resource efficiency (CRE) beyond the classical, shot-noise-limited CRE.

SoK: How (not) to Design and Implement Post-Quantum Cryptography

May 17, 2021
Author(s)
James Howe, Thomas Prest, Daniel Apon
Post-quantum cryptography has known a Cambrian Explosion in the last decade. What started as a very theoretical and mathematical area has now evolved into a sprawling research field, complete with side-channel resistant embedded implementations, large

Laboratory Method for Recording AWS-3 LTE Waveforms

May 11, 2021
Author(s)
Aric Sanders, Keith Forsyth, Rob Horansky, Azizollah Kord, Duncan McGillivray
The focus of this work provides a library of actual long-term evolution (LTE) user equipment (UE) emissions with sufficient time resolution and dynamic range for use in spectrum sharing, and interference susceptibility studies. National Advanced Spectrum

Study of 5G New Radio (NR) Support for Direct Mode Communications

May 7, 2021
Author(s)
Fernando Cintron, David W. Griffith, Chunmei Liu, Richard A. Rouil, Yishen Sun, Jian Wang, Peng Liu, Chen Shen, Aziza Ben Mosbah, Samantha Gamboa Quintiliani
In public safety communications, direct mode communication is essential to keep first responders connected, especially when there is no network coverage. Direct mode communication is supported in Third Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) Long Term

Vectorizing Green's Identities

May 5, 2021
Author(s)
Alex Yuffa
Green's theorem and Green's identities are well-known and their uses span almost every branch of science and mathematics. In this paper, we derive a vector analogue of Green's three scalar identities and consider some of their uses. We also offer a number

Characterizing LTE User Equipment Emissions Under Closed-Loop Power Control

April 6, 2021
Author(s)
Jason Coder, Aric Sanders, Michael R. Frey, Adam Wunderlich, Azizollah Kord, Jolene Splett, Lucas N. Koepke, Daniel Kuester, Duncan McGillivray, John M. Ladbury
This report presents a laboratory-based characterization of Long Term Evolution (LTE) User Equipment (UE) emissions under closed-loop power control, building on our prior work (NIST TN 2069), which assessed the impact of a large number of factors affecting

AWS-3 LTE Impacts on Aeronautical Mobile Telemetry

February 25, 2021
Author(s)
William F. Young, Duncan McGillivray, Adam Wunderlich, Mark Krangle, Jack Sklar, Aric Sanders, Keith Forsyth, Mark A. Lofquist, Dan Kuester
This technical report details an effort to design, demonstrate, and validate a test methodology to measure the impacts of Long Term Evolution (LTE) User Equipment (UE) emissions in the advanced wireless services 3 (AWS-3) band on aeronautical mobile

National Institute of Standards and Technology Environmental Scan 2020

February 9, 2021
Author(s)
Heather Evans, Kristen K. Greene, William M. Healy, Elizabeth Hoffman, Kate Rimmer, Anna V. Sberegaeva, Neil M. Zimmerman
The 2020 National Institute of Standards and Technology Environmental Scan provides an analysis of key external factors that could impact NIST and the fulfillment of its mission in coming years. The analyses were conducted through four separate lenses
Displaying 1 - 25 of 609