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Displaying 1 - 25 of 634

A Semi-Supervised Approach for Automatic Crystal Structure Classification

April 13, 2022
Satvik Lolla, Haotong Liang, Aaron Gilad Kusne, Ichiro Takeuchi, William D. Ratcliff
The structural solution problem can be a daunting and time consuming task. Especially in the presence of impurity phases, current methods such as indexing become more unstable. In this work, we apply the novel approach of semi-supervised learning towards

An Optical Investigation of the Heavy Fermion Normal State in Superconducting UTe 2

April 13, 2022
Sirak Mekonen, Chang-Jong Kang, Dipanjan Chaudhuri, David Barbalas, Sheng Ran, Gabriel Kotliar, Nicholas Butch, N. Armitage
The recently discovered superconductor, UTe2, has attracted immense scientific interest due to the experimental observations that suggest odd-parity superconductivity. It is believed that the material becomes a heavy-fermion metal at low temperatures

Head on Comparison of Self- and Nano-Assemblies of Gamma Peptide Nucleic Acid Amphiphiles

February 9, 2022
Shipra Malik, Vikas Kumar, Raman Bahal, Chung-Hao Liu, Kuo-Chih Shih, Mu-Ping Neih, Susan T. Krueger
Peptide nucleic acids (PNAs) are nucleic acid analogs with superior hybridization properties and enzymatic stability than deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA). In addition to gene targeting applications, PNAs have garnered significant attention as bio-polymer due

Low-Background Neutron Reflectometry from Solid/Liquid Interfaces

February 1, 2022
David Hoogerheide, Joseph Dura, Brian B. Maranville, Charles Majkrzak
Liquid cells are an increasingly common sample environment for neutron reflectometry experiments and are critical for measuring the properties of materials at solid/liquid interfaces. Background scattering determines the maximum useful scattering vector

Considerations in applying neutron depth profiling to Li-ion battery research

December 14, 2021
Daniel Lyons, Jamie Weaver, Anne Co
Li distribution within micron-scale battery electrode materials is quantified with neutron depth profiling (NDP). This method allows determination of intra- and inter-electrode parameters such as lithiation efficiency, electrode morphology change and Li

The PROSPECT Experiment

December 14, 2021
Hans Pieter Mumm
The Precision Reactor Oscillation and Spectrum Experiment, PROSPECT, is designed to both perform a reactor-model independent search for eV-scale sterile neutrino oscillations at meter-long baselines and to make a precise measurement of the antineutrino

In-situ Monitoring of Protein Unfolding/Structural States under Cold High-Pressure Stress

November 26, 2021
Diana Gomes, Susana C. Marujo Teixeira, Juscelino Leao, Vladimir Razinkov, Wei Qi, Miguel Rodrigues, Christopher Roberts
Biopharmaceutical formulations may be compromised by freezing, which has been attributed to protein conformational changes at a low temperature, and adsorption to ice−liquid interfaces. However, direct measurements of unfolding/conformational changes in

Quantifying and Suppressing Proton Intercalation to Enable High-Voltage Zn-Ion Batteries

November 4, 2021
Fei Wang, Lauren E. Blanc, Qin Li, Antonio Faraone, Xiao Ji, Huaiyu H. Chen-Mayer, Rick L. Paul, Joseph Dura, Enyuan Hu, Kang Xu, Linda F. Nazar, Chunsheng Wang
We explore the Zn-ion intercalation mechanisms/interfacial dynamics of VPO4F and quantify the water dynamics in water-in-salt (WISE) and hybrid aqueous-non aqueous electrolytes (HANEs). We demonstrate that H+ intercalation dominates electrochemical

Spatially Resolved Potential and Li-Ion Distributions Reveal Performance-Limiting Regions in Solid-State Batteries

October 19, 2021
Elliot Fuller, Evgheni Strelcov, Jamie Weaver, Michael Swift, Joshua Sugar, Andrei Kolmakov, Nikolai Zhitenev, Jabez J. McClelland, Yue Qi, Joseph Dura, Alec Talin
The performance of solid-state electrochemical systems is intimately tied to the potential and lithium distributions across electrolyte–electrode junctions that give rise to interface impedance. Here, we combine two operando methods, Kelvin probe force

Pendellosung Interferometry Probes the Neutron Charge Radius, Lattice Dynamics, and Fifth Forces

September 10, 2021
Benjamin J. Heacock, Robert W. Haun, Michael G. Huber, Albert Henins, Robert C. Valdillez, Takuhiro Fujiie, Katsuya Hirota, Masaaki Kitaguchi, Hirohiko Shimizu, Takuya Hosobata, Masahiro Takeda, Yutaka Yamagata
Structure factors describe how incident radiation is scattered from materials such as silicon and germanium and characterize the physical interaction between the material and scattered particles. We used neutron Pendellösung interferometry to make

Neutron Scattering Studies of Materials for Hydrogen Storage

August 28, 2021
Ryan Klein, Hayden Evans, Benjamin Trump, Terrence J. Udovic, Craig Brown
Hydrogen storage presents a significant barrier to the widespread adaptation of hydrogen as an energy source in mobile and stationary applications. The development of new candidate hydrogen storage materials is therefore an outstanding goal in the field of

Highly Basic Clusters in the Herpes Simplex Virus 1 Nuclear Egress Complex Drive Membrane Budding by Inducing Lipid Ordering

August 24, 2021
Michael K. Thorsen, Alex Lai, Michelle W. Lee, David Hoogerheide, Gerard C. Wong, Jack H. Freed, Ekaterina Heldwein
During replication of herpesviruses, capsids escape from the nucleus into the cytoplasm by budding at the inner nuclear membrane. This process is mediated by the viral nuclear egress complex (NEC), but how the NEC interacts with lipids or generates
Displaying 1 - 25 of 634