Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Search Publications

NIST Authors in Bold

Displaying 1 - 25 of 690

Classification and Authentication of Materials using Prompt Gamma Ray Activation Analysis

July 12, 2023
Nathan Mahynski, Jacob Monroe, David Sheen, Rick L. Paul, Heather H. Chen-Mayer, Vincent K. Shen
Prompt gamma ray activation analysis (PGAA) is a non-destructive nuclear measurement technique that quantifies isotopes present in a sample. Here, we use PGAA spectra to train different types of models to elucidate how discriminating these spectra are for

H2 Generation by the 10B(n,alpha)7Li Reaction in High Temperature Water

July 4, 2023
Alan Keith Thompson, Mohamad Al-Sheikhly, Steven Guerin, David Bartels, Cameron Goodwin, Sangho Nam
H2 produced in water from the 10B(n,α)7Li fission reaction has been measured up to 300 oC. Thermal energy neutrons from the Rhode Island Nuclear Science Center's 2 MW reactor interact with boric acid-containing water in temperature-controlled high-pressure

Quantifying Reactor Power Noise - A Case Study on NIST Research Reactor

May 26, 2023
Anil Gurgen, Dagistan Sahin, James R. Whipple
Water cooled reactors experience reactivity changes when voids are present in the coolant. The fraction of coolant in the core diminutions in the event of boiling, and the reactivity feedback can either be positive due to reducing neutron absorption in the


May 25, 2023
James R. Whipple, Dagistan Sahin, Yehonatan Zino
The Radiation Monitoring System (RMS) at the NIST Center for Neutron Research (NCNR) Reactor (National Bureau of Standards Reactor – NBSR) has demonstrated reliability issues due to outdated hardware and lack of vendor support. The existing radiation

The Complex, Unique and Powerful Imaging Instrument for Dynamics (CUPI2D) at the Spallation Neutron Source

May 12, 2023
Adrian Brugger, Alexandru Biris, Jason Harp, Matthew Connolly, George Nelson, Fernando Luis Esteban Florez, Hassina Bilheux, Jiao Lin, Jeffrey Warren, Andrew Kiss, Roland Pellenq, Ann Junghans, Jonathan Morris, Alexander Long, Anton Tremsin, Andrea Strzelec, Mark Anderson, Robert Agasie, Charles FINNEY, Martin Wissink, MIJA HUBLER, Claire White, Brent Heuser, Aaron Craft, Chuting Tan, Kathryn Morris, Sanna Sevanto, Nikolay Kardjilov, Burkhard Schillinger, Matthew Frost, Sven C. Vogel, Maria Cekanova
The Oak Ridge National Laboratory is planning to build the Second Target Station (STS) at the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS). STS will host a suite of novel instruments that complements the First Target Station's beamline capabilities by offering

Modeling Approach for the Design of the NIST Neutron Source

April 16, 2023
Abdullah Weiss, Osman Celikten, Anil Gurgen, Joy Shen, Dagistan Sahin, Yaniv Shaposhnik
The NIST Neutron Source, or NNS, is a proposed new research reactor at the NIST Center for Neutron Research to replace the currently operational, but aging, National Bureau of Standards Reactor (NBSR). The NNS is currently in the pre-conceptual design

Restricting a-Synuclein Transport into Mitochondria by Inhibition of a-Synuclein-VDAC Complexation as a Potential Therapeutic Target for Parkinson's Disease Treatment

October 1, 2022
Megha Rajendran, Maria Queralt-Martin, Philip A. Gurnev, William M. Rosencrans, Amandine Rovini, Daniel Jacobs, Kaitlin Abrantes, David Hoogerheide, Sergey M. Bezrukov, Tatiana Rostovtseva
Involvement of alpha-synuclein (αSyn) in Parkinson's disease (PD) is complicated and difficult to trace on cellular and molecular levels. Recently we established that αSyn can regulate mitochondrial function by voltage-activated complexation with the

Energy Broadening of Neutron Depth Profiles by Thin Polyamide Films

September 7, 2022
Jamie Weaver, Anna Job, Kedar Manandhar, Ichiro Takeuchi, Robert Gregory Downing
A protective covering is often required for neutron depth profiling (NDP) measurements of sensitive materials (e.g., Li-ion batteries). Addition of this layer can increase NDP profile energy broadening and depth assignment uncertainty. This study evaluates

Relative effects of polymer composition and sample preparation on glass dynamics

August 17, 2022
Christopher Soles, Amanda L. Forster, Katherine Evans, Madhusudan (Madhu) Tyagi, Robert M. Elder, Timothy Sirk, Joseph Dennis, Kanae Ito, Osama Yamamuro, Hiroshi Akiba
Modern design of common adhesives, composites and polymeric parts makes use of polymer glasses that are stiff enough to maintain their shape under a high stress while still maintaining a ductile behavior after the yield point. Typically, material

The Effect of Transverse Wavefront Width on Specular Neutron Reflection

August 1, 2022
Charles Majkrzak, Norman F. Berk, Brian B. Maranville, Joseph Dura, Terrence J. Jach
In the analysis of neutron scattering measurements of condensed matter structure, it normally suffices to treat the incident and scattered neutron beams as if composed of incoherent distributions of plane waves with wavevectors of different magnitudes and

Electrostatic Repulsion Slows Relaxations of Polyelectrolytes in Semidilute Solutions

July 19, 2022
Ali Slim, Winnie Shi, Farshad S. Samghabadi, Antonio Faraone, Amanda Marciel, Ryan Poling-Skutvik, Jacinta Conrad
We investigate the structure and dynamics of unentangled semidilute solutions of sodium polystyrene sulfonate (NaPSS) using small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) and neutron spin-echo (NSE) spectroscopy. The effects of electrostatic interactions and chain

Unraveling the Stable Cathode Electrolyte Interface in all Solid-State Thin-Film Battery Operating at 5 V

July 4, 2022
Ryosuke Shimizu, Diyi Cheng, Jamie Weaver, Minghao Zhang, Bingyu Lu, Thomas Wynn, Randall Burger, Min-cheol Kim, Guomin Zhu, Ying Shirley Meng
Spinel-type LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 (LNMO) is one of the most promising 5 V-class cathode materials for Li-ion batteries that can achieve high energy density and low production costs. However, in liquid electrolyte cells, the high voltage causes continuous cell

Polyoxocationic Antimony Oxide Cluster with Acidic Protons

June 17, 2022
Yuki Watanabe, Kim Hyeon-Deuk, Takafumi Yamamoto, Masayoshi Yabuuchi, Olesia M. Karakulina, Yasuto Noda, Takuya Kurihara, I-Ya Chang, Masanobu Higashi, Osamu Tomita, Cedric Tassel, Daichi Kato, Jingxin Xia, Tatsuhiko Goto, Craig Brown, Yuto Shimoyama, Naoki Ogiwara, Joke Hadermann, Artem M. Abakumov, Sayaka Uchida, Ryu Abe, Hiroshi Kageyama
The success and continued expansion of research in polyoxometalates (POMs) owe largely to their structural richness and wide range of functions. However, while most POM clusters known to date are negatively charged, there is only a handful of cationic POMs

Structures and Dynamics of Anionic Lipoprotein Nanodiscs

April 21, 2022
D. Sweeney, Susan T. Krueger, Kakali Sen, John Hackett
Nanolipoprotein particles known as nanodiscs (NDs) have emerged as versatile and powerful tools for the stabilization of mem-brane proteins permitting a plethora of structural and biophysical studies. Part of their allure is their flexibility to

Q-Dependent Collective Relaxation Dynamics of Glass-Forming Liquid Ca 0.4 K 0.6 (NO 3 ) 1.4 Investigated by Wide-Angle Neutron Spin-Echo

April 19, 2022
Peng Luo, Yanqin Zhai, Peter Falus, Victoria Garcia Sakai, Monika Hartl, Maiko Kofu, Kenji Nakajima, Antonio Faraone, Y. Z
Employing high-intensity wide-angle neutron spin-echo spectroscopy, we measured the coherent intermediate scattering function of the prototypical ionic glass former Ca 0.4 K 0.6 (NO 3 ) 1. 4 in the equilibrium and supercooled liquid state from 383 to 519 K

Transformation of Lipid Vesicles into Micelles by Adding Nonionic Surfactants: Elucidating the Structural Pathway and the Intermediate Structures

March 24, 2022
Igor K. Mkam Tsengam, Marzhana Omarova, Elizabeth Kelley, Alon V. McCormick, Geoffrey D. Bothun, Srinivasa R. Raghavan, Vijay T. John
The phospholipid lecithin (L) and the nonionic surfactant Tween 80 (T) are used together in various contexts, including in drug delivery and oil spill remediation. There is hence a need to elucidate the nanostructures in L/T mixtures, which is the focus of
Displaying 1 - 25 of 690