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Displaying 1 - 25 of 704

Multi'omic Characterization of Human Whole Stool RGTMs

September 8, 2023
Amanda L. Bayless, Sandra M. Da Silva, Clay Davis, Abraham Kuri Cruz, Tracey Schock, Stephanie Servetas, Paulina Piotrowski
The gut microbiome plays a critical role in a vast and disparate set of health and disease states, including cancer and obesity. Human fecal is a complex mixture including microbes, proteins, undigested plant matter and fat content according to the diet

Safeguarding International Science: Research Security Framework

August 31, 2023
Gregory F. Strouse, Claire M. Saundry, Timothy Wood, Philip Bennett, Mary Bedner
The U.S. science and research ecosystem retains its leadership by actively engaging with the global community through the conduct of mutually beneficial collaborative research and the welcoming of international scientists. Coupled with that, the national

National Institute of Standards and Technology Environmental Scan 2023: Societal and Technology Landscape to Inform Science and Technology Research

August 23, 2023
Ashley Boggs-Russell, Kerrianne Buchanan, David W. Griffith, Heather Evans, Dimitrios Meritis, Lisa Ng, Anna Sberegaeva, Michelle Stephens
The 2023 National Institute of Standards and Technology Environmental Scan provides an analysis of key external factors that could impact NIST and the fulfillment of its mission in coming years. The analyses were conducted through three separate lenses

An Evolving Regulatory Landscape for Commercial Electric Vehicle Fueling

August 22, 2023
Tina G. Butcher, Michael Nelson
Plug-in electric vehicles (PEV), which include "all-electric" battery EV (BEV) and plug-in hybrid EV (PHEV), comprise a rapidly growing proportion of the U.S. automobile market – nearly 8% of all light-duty vehicles sold in Oct. 2022, a 41.4% rise over

Recommendations for Setting a Criterion for Assessing Commutability of Secondary Calibrator Certified Reference Materials

August 11, 2023
W. Greg Miller, Thomas Keller, Jeffrey Budd, Jesper Johansen, Mauro Panteghini, Neil Greenberg, Vincent Delatour, Ferruccio Ceriotti, Robert Rej, Johanna Camara, Liesbet Deprez, Finlay MacKenzie, Alicia Lyle, Eline van der Hagen, Chris Burns, Pernille Fauskanger, Sverre Sandberg
A secondary higher-order calibrator is required to be commutable with clinical samples to be suitable for use in the calibration hierarchy of an end-user clinical laboratory in vitro diagnostic medical device (IVD-MD). Commutability is a property of a

Enabling FAIR Data in Additive Manufacturing to Accelerate Industrialization

July 24, 2023
Shengyen Li, Yan Lu, Kareem Aggour, Peter Coutts, Brennan Harris, Alex Kitt, Afina Lupulescu, Luke Mohr, Mike Vasquez
Additive manufacturing (AM) is an important enabler of Industry 4.0 but there are several hurdles that need to be overcome to fully realize the potential of AM. These challenges include the need for a data infrastructure to enable the scaling of the

Advanced Encryption Standard (AES)

May 9, 2023
Morris J. Dworkin
In 2000, NIST announced the selection of the Rijndael block cipher family as the winner of theAdvanced Encryption Standard (AES) competition. Three members of the Rijndael family arespecified in this Standard: AES-128, AES-192, and AES-256. These use

International Interlaboratory Comparison (ILC) of Thermogravimet-ric (TGA) Measurements of Graphene Materials

March 14, 2023
Pei Lay Yap, Farzaneh Farivar, Victoria Coleman, Asa Jamting, Sam Gnaniah, Elisabeth Mansfield, Cheng Pu, Sandra Marcela Landi, Marcus Vinicius David, Emmanuel Flahaut, Paul Finnie, Mary Gallerneault, M. Dominque Locatelli, Sebastien Jacquinot, Carltoa Gray Slough, Jan Hanss, Jorg Menzel, Stefen Schmolzer, Lingling Ren, Andrew Pollard, Dusan Losic
Graphene materials are strongly emerging from academic research labs into industrial sectors with many developed products on market. Characterizations and quality control of graphene materials are very critical with an urgent demand for reliable

Considering Interoperability for Electric Vehicle Charging: A Commission Case Study

March 13, 2023
Cuong Nguyen, Avi Gopstein, Danielle Sass Byrnett, Kerry Worthington, Christopher Villarreal
As adoption of electric vehicles (EVs) increases across the United States and charging equipment to power vehicles is installed, the electricity system, states, utilities, EV manufacturers, EV supply equipment (EVSE) manufacturers, and stakeholders are

A Guide to United States Personal Protective Equipment Compliance Requirements

February 1, 2023
Jennifer Marshall, Erik Puskar, Lisa Benson
This Guide addresses compliance requirements for personal protective Equipment (PPE) used in the workplace, except for PPE used in a nuclear or medical setting. Several U.S. federal agencies administer regulations associated with Personal Protective


December 16, 2022
Guodong Shao, Joe Hightower, William Schindel
Digital Twin has become an important technology for advanced manufacturing. However, to ensure that digital twins provide valuable decision support, the results generated by the digital twins must be trustworthy for real manufacturing systems. Model

Development of an Improved Standard Reference Material for Folate Vitamers in Human Serum

December 12, 2022
Johanna Camara, Jeanita Pritchett, Yasmine Daniels, Mary Bedner, Michael Nelson, Mark Lowenthal, Zia Fazili, Christine Pfeiffer, Karen W. Phinney, Katherine E. Sharpless, Lane C. Sander, Katrice Lippa, James H. Yen, Adam Kuszak, Stephen Wise
The US National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) developed a Standard Reference Material® (SRM®) 3949 Folate Vitamers in Frozen Human Serum to replace SRM 1955 Homocysteine and Folate in Human Serum. The presence of increased endogenous levels
Displaying 1 - 25 of 704