The Metrology of the Ohm Project has been a leader in providing internationally consistent resistance standards that are readily available to support the scientific and industrial foundations of the U.S. economy. Through this very broad customer base, the activities of the project enable cost-effective electrical measurements at NIST and at more than 250 U.S. sites, leading to improved performance of products and services in a competitive world environment. The resistance calibration service brings a yearly income to NIST of several hundred thousands of dollars as well as supporting over a dozen other calibration areas. Project staff provide extensive customer contact and consultation on topics including low current measurements (for photodetectors, aerosol electrometers, ionizing radiation measurements) the characterization processes used with resistive shunts at very high current levels, and power loading measurements. Project scientists work in the U.S. and international communities, including support for comparisons at low, moderate, and high resistance levels and development of improved standards and techniques for better agreement between primary references.
The project collaborates in research on low current measurements, ac impedance, and active participation with the Quantum Conductance project that aims to develop quantum Hall resistance (QHR) devices from graphene. We provide ongoing support for the electronic kilogram experiment as well as pursuing scientific breakthroughs to maintain accurate local representations of the unit (conventional standards) and to develop improved quantum metrology, such as the introduction of resistive-winding cryogenic current comparators (CCCs) that enable stable SQUID operation with improved current sensitivity.