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Richard Candell (Fed)

Project Leader (Industrial Wireless Systems)

Dr. Richard Candell has over twenty years of experience in wireless systems engineering with extensive experience in the design and evaluation of wireless communications systems.  Dr. Candell spent twelve years developing, testing, and deploying secure wireless technologies for commercial and defense applications. He served as the lead systems engineer in developing spread spectrum interference cancellation and performance evaluation strategies for satellite ground stations and mobile phased array beam steering transceivers.  He holds patents in successive interference cancellation and transmission burst detection applied to spread-spectrum satellite communications signals.  He holds a Ph.D. in Computer Science from the University of Burgundy, Dijon, France.  He also holds a BS and MS degree in Electrical Engineering from The University of Memphis.  Dr. Candell joined the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) in the US in 2014 where he leads the Industrial Wireless Systems research laboratory.  He is a member of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society and the Robotics and Automation Society.  His current research interests include the performance of mobile robotic, manufacturing, and safety applications when deployed with wireless networks as the primary mode of communications.  Dr. Candell was the primary contributing author of the Guide to Industrial Wireless Systems Deployments (NIST AMS 300-4) and he serves as the Chair of the IEEE P3388 Wireless Performance Assessment and Measurement Working Group and the NIST Industrial Wireless System technical interest group.



Bronze Medal for developing innovative measurement methods, a state-of-the-art test bed, and extensive first-in-class measurement data sets that led to a comprehensive Guide to Industrial Wireless Systems Deployments.

  • Candell, R. , Hany, M. , Lee, K. , Liu, Y. , Quimby, J. and Remley, C. (2018), Guide to Industrial Wireless Systems Deployments, Advanced Manufacturing Series (NIST AMS), National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, [online],
  • Candell, R. , Remley, C. , Quimby, J. , Novotny, D. , Curtin, A. , Papazian, P. , Koepke, G. , Diener, J. and Hany, M. (2017), Industrial Wireless Systems: Radio Propagation Measurements, Technical Note (NIST TN), National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, [online],
  • Quimby, J. , Candell, R. , Remley, C. , Novotny, D. , Diener, J. , Papazian, P. , Curtin, A. and Koepke, G. (2017), NIST Channel Sounder Overview and Channel Measurements in Manufacturing Facilities, Technical Note (NIST TN), National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, [online],
  • Wang, Q. , Candell, R. , Pang, Z. and Liang, W. (2020), System Error Calibration in Large Datasets of Wireless Channel Sounding for Industrial Applications, IEEE JOURNAL OF EMERGING AND SELECTED TOPICS IN INDUSTRIAL ELECTRONICS, [online],
  • Liu, Y. , Hany, M. , Lee, K. , Benmohamed, L. and Candell, R. (2019), Wireless Network Design for Emerging IIoT Applications: Reference Framework and Use Cases, Proceedings of the IEEE, [online],
  • Jiang, X. , Pang, Z. , Candell, R. , Dzung, D. , Luvisotto, M. and Fischione, C. (2019), Channel Characterization and Delay Optimization for Industrial Wireless Control Systems, IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics, [online],
  • Candell, R. , Hany, M. , Liu, Y. , Lee, K. and Foufou, S. (2019), Industrial Wireless Systems Guidelines: Practical Considerations and Deployment Life-cycle, IEEE Industrial Electronics Magazine, [online],
  • Hany, M. and Candell, R. (2018), Performance of an ISA100.11a Industrial Wireless Network with Wi-Fi Interference, NIST Interagency/Internal Report (NISTIR), National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, [online],
  • Curtin, A. , Novotny, D. , Candell, R. , Koepke, G. , Papazian, P. , Quimby, J. and Remley, C. (2018), Fading due to static and dynamic features in a factory environment on wireless channels, IEEE Vehicular Technology Magazine, [online],

Best Paper, 19th IEEE International Conference on Factory Communication Systems (WFCS 2023)

Best Paper, 17th IEEE International Conference on Factory Communication Systems (WFCS)

Best Paper, 2020 Product Life-cycle Management Conference, Rapperswil, Switzerland.



Selected Publications

Guide to Industrial Wireless Systems Deployments

Richard Candell, Mohamed T. Hany, Kang B. Lee, Yongkang Liu, Jeanne T. Quimby, Catherine A. Remley
This document is intended to be a practical guide used by engineers and managers facilitating them to go through the process of defining the objectives of their

Wireless User Requirements for the Factory Workcell

Karl Montgomery, Richard Candell, Yongkang Liu, Mohamed Hany
Wireless communication is becoming crucial to advanced manufacturing. Industry 4.0 and Smart Manufacturing depend on networked industrial automation systems

Industrial Wireless Systems: Radio Propagation Measurements

Richard Candell, Catherine A. Remley, Jeanne T. Quimby, David R. Novotny, Alexandra Curtin, Peter B. Papazian, Galen H. Koepke, Joseph Diener, Mohamed T. Hany
Radio frequency (RF) propagation measurements were conducted at three facilities representing a cross-section of different classes of industrial environments


Created February 20, 2019, Updated November 7, 2023