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Measurement and control systems are widely used in traditional test and measurement, industrial automation, communication systems, electrical power systems and many other areas of modern technology. The timing requirements placed on these measurement and control systems are becoming increasingly stringent. Traditionally these measurement and control systems have been implemented in a centralized architecture in which the timing constraints are met by careful attention to programming combined with communication technologies with deterministic latency. In recent years an increasing number of such systems utilize a more distributed architecture and increasingly networking technologies having less stringent timing specifications than the older more specialized technologies. In particular Ethernet communications are becoming more common in measurement and control applications. This has led to alternate means for enforcing the timing requirements in such systems. One such technique is the use of system components that contain real-time clocks, all of which are synchronized to each other within the system. This is very common in the general computing industry. For example essentially all general purpose computers contain a clock. These clocks are used to manage distributed file systems, backup and recovery systems and many other similar activities. These computers typically interact via LANs and the Internet. In this environment the most widely used technique for synchronizing the clocks is the Network Time Protocol, NTP, or the related SNTP.
Measurement and control systems have a number of requirements that must be met by a clock synchronization technology. In particular:
In contrast to the general computing environment of intranets or the Internet, measurement and control systems typically are more spatially localized.
IEEE 1588 addresses the clock synchronization requirements of measurement and control systems.
IEEE P1588 Working Group
Information about the IEEE P1588 Working Group” can be found at
History of IEEE 1588
On March 31 - April 1, 1994, NIST held a Sensor Network Communications conference with representatives from industry, academia, and government. The conference concluded that commercial organizations would like to have a common network communication interface standard for sensors and actuators with synchronized clocks in devices typically used in measurement and control applications. As a consequence, a research and development effort on smart transducer interfaces for sensors and actuators pursued by Kang Lee and his team at NIST with collaboration from the private sectors have led to the development of the IEEE 1451 family of standards for distributed systems in industrial automation.
By November of 2000 there was sufficient interest in starting a standardization activity on clock synchronization to warrant forming a committee and seeking sponsorship. The initial committee met for the first time in April of 2001 and decided to seek sponsorship from the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) Technical Committee on Sensor Technology of the Instrumentation and Measurement Society which had also sponsored, along with NIST, the IEEE 1451 activity. The committee membership included engineers from the automation, robotics, test and measurement, and time keeping industry as well as representatives from NIST and the military. The committee submitted a formal application to the IEEE which was approved on June 18, 2001.
The committee produced a draft of the standard which was submitted for ballot under the usual IEEE rules in April of 2002. This first ballot passed but there were a number of helpful comments submitted by the reviewing balloters. The committee incorporated these suggestions and resubmitted the standard for a second ballot which passed in May of 2002. The committee has submitted this final balloted version to the IEEE Standards Board Review Committee for final approval. The draft was approved as an IEEE standard by the review committee on September 12, 2002. The standard was published in November of 2002.
The IEEE 1588-2002 standard was later revised and became the IEEE 1588-2008 standard, many in industry refers to it as the IEEE 1588 version 2 standard.
Five years later, on June 14, 2013, a Project Authorization Request (PAR) was approved to revise the IEEE 1588-2008 standard to reflect the common needs of various industries for a new version of the IEEE 1588 standard that will meet the requirements of a more secure precision clock synchronization protocol that can work with both IPv4 and IPv6, and also suitable for higher speed applications in the sub-nanosecond range.
In the December 2019 IEEE-SA Standards Board meeting, IEEE 1588-2019 was approved to be published as a full-use standard. In June 2021, IEEE 1588-2019 was adopted by the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) as the IEC 61588:2021 standard. As a result, it is recognized globally as IEEE/IEC 61588-2021 - IEC/IEEE International Standard - Precision Clock Synchronization Protocol for Networked Measurement and Control Systems. More information can be found at https://standards.ieee.org/standard/61588-2021.html#Standard.
Additional information may be obtained from Kang Lee (kang.lee [at] ieee.org (kang[dot]lee[at]ieee[dot]org)), Chair of the IEEE Technical Committee on Sensor Technology of the Instrumentation and Measurement Society, sponsor of IEEE 1588.