The National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act (NTTAA) directs Federal agencies to adopt voluntary consensus standards wherever possible (avoiding development of unique government standards) and establishes reporting requirements. NIST roles have the following objectives:
- Guide government agencies in conducting
and reporting on standards and conformity assessment activities.
- Promote the use of standards developed by non-government organizations.
- Coordinate with Federal, state, and local agencies to foster greater reliance on voluntary consensus standards.
- Work through the Interagency Committee on Standards Policy (ICSP) to foster this reliance.
OMB Circular A-119 , revised by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) in January 2016, spells out the government strategy for standards development. It promotes agency participation on standards bodies, specifies reporting requirements on conformity assessment activities, and informs agencies of their statutory obligations related to standards setting.
NIST is responsible for coordinating standards and conformity assessment activities and reporting government-wide progress annually to OMB.
Responsibilities of Federal Agencies
Under NTTAA, Federal agencies are responsible for evaluating the efficacy of their conformity assessment activities. Each agency must coordinate its activities with those of other appropriate agencies and the private sector.
This applies to all federal agencies that set policy for, manage, operate, or use conformity assessment activities and results, both domestic and international—except activities carried out pursuant to treaties.