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The U.S. Manufacturing Value Chain: An International Perspective



Douglas Thomas


This report uses input-output data from the World Input-Output Database along with the methods developed by Wassily Leontief to track the intermediate goods and services used in national manufacturing industries. Specifically, it examines the extent that supply chains are imported and the extent that this trend has changed for the U.S. and other countries. The U.S. data is compared to 39 other countries between 1995 and 2009, a 15 year period. These countries represented approximately 88 % of manufacturing value added in 2009, according to United Nations data.
Technical Note (NIST TN) - 1810
Report Number


supply chain, value chain, manufacturing, input output, intermediate goods and services


Thomas, D. (2014), The U.S. Manufacturing Value Chain: An International Perspective, Technical Note (NIST TN), National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, [online],, (Accessed April 12, 2024)
Created February 10, 2014, Updated June 24, 2021