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Studies of photoconductivity and FET behavior in examining drift mobility, surface depletion, and transient effects in Si-doped GaN nanowires examined in vacuum and air

Published

Author(s)

Norman A. Sanford, Lawrence H. Robins, Paul T. Blanchard, K. Soria, B. Klein, Kristine A. Bertness, John B. Schlager, Aric W. Sanders

Abstract

Variable intensity photoconductivity (PC) performed under vacuum at 325 nm was used to estimate drift mobility and negative surface charge density sigma for c-axis oriented Si-doped GaN nanowires (NWs). In this approach we assumed that sigma was responsible for the equilibrium surface band bending(SBB)and depletion in the dark. The NWs were grown by molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) to a length of roughly 10 micrometers and exhibited negligible taper. The free carrier concentration N was separately measured using Raman scattering which yielded N = (2.5 ± 0.3)E17 cm-3 for the growth batch studied. Saturation of the PC was interpreted as a flatband condition whereby the SBB was eliminated via the injection of photogenerated holes. Measurements of dark and saturated photocurrents in combination with N, and NW dimensional uncertainties, were used as input to a temperature-dependent cylindrical Poisson solver yielding sigma in the range of (3.5—7.5)E11 cm-2 and mobility in the range of 850—2100 cm2/(V-s) across the 78—350 nm span of individual NW diameters examined. Back-gating these devices as field effect transistors (FETs) was not a reliable means to estimate transport properties since, under sustained depletion bias, the devices drifted in a manner commensurate with injected positive charge screening the gate. We describe how these gate charging effects can be exploited as a means to hasten the otherwise long recovery time of NW devices used as photoconductive detectors.
Citation
Journal of Applied Physics
Volume
113
Issue
0021

Keywords

nanowires, nanotechnology, GaN, gallium nitride, photoconductivity, nanowire FET, nanowire transport, GaN mobility

Citation

Sanford, N. , Robins, L. , Blanchard, P. , Soria, K. , Klein, B. , Bertness, K. , Schlager, J. and Sanders, A. (2013), Studies of photoconductivity and FET behavior in examining drift mobility, surface depletion, and transient effects in Si-doped GaN nanowires examined in vacuum and air, Journal of Applied Physics, [online], https://tsapps.nist.gov/publication/get_pdf.cfm?pub_id=912467 (Accessed May 17, 2022)
Created May 3, 2013, Updated February 19, 2017