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Search Publications by: Dan Kuester (Fed)

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Displaying 1 - 25 of 33

Recommended Practices for Calibrated Millimeter-Wave Modulated-Signal Measurements

June 14, 2023
Paritosh Manurkar, Joshua Kast, Dylan Williams, Rob Horansky, Dan Kuester, Kate Remley
In a millimeter-wave modulated-signal measurement system with several calibration reference planes, we want the measured signal to be a close replica of the ideal signal at the reference plane which connects the near-ideal measured signal to subsequent

Radio Spectrum Occupancy Measurements Amid COVID-19 Telework and Telehealth

October 14, 2022
Dan Kuester, Xifeng Lu, Dazhen Gu, Azizollah Kord, Jake Rezac, Katie Carson, Marla L. Dowell, Elizabeth Eyeson, Ari Feldman, Keith Forsyth, Vu Le, John Marts, Mike McNulty, Kyle Neubarth, Andre Rosete, Matthew Ryan, Maija Teraslina
During the COVID-19 pandemic, NIST began a targeted campaign of measurements of averaged power and occupancy rate in the radio spectrum. The purpose was to sample real environments to offer timely insights into data infrastructure where it might be

Measurements of IP3 and P1dB for Spectrum Monitoring with Software Defined Radios

March 30, 2022
Mike McNulty, Dazhen Gu, Dan Kuester, Payam Nayeri
This paper discusses methodology for characterizing linearity summary parameters of software-defined radio receivers. First, we introduce a highly automated testbed for 1-dB compression point (P1dB) and third-order input intercept point (IIP3). With this

Measurement Challenges for Spectrum Sensing in Communication Networks

April 27, 2021
Dan Kuester, Yao Ma, Dazhen Gu, Adam Wunderlich, Jason Coder, Joseph R. Mruk
We summarize a few key spectrum sensing measurement challenges and recent advances. Laboratory tests of sensing are complicated by their inseparable and often imbedded role in modern hardware. Results are difficult to calibrate because physical parameters

Characterizing LTE User Equipment Emissions Under Closed-Loop Power Control

April 6, 2021
Jason Coder, Aric Sanders, Michael R. Frey, Adam Wunderlich, Azizollah Kord, Jolene Splett, Lucas N. Koepke, Daniel Kuester, Duncan McGillivray, John M. Ladbury
This report presents a laboratory-based characterization of Long Term Evolution (LTE) User Equipment (UE) emissions under closed-loop power control, building on our prior work (NIST TN 2069), which assessed the impact of a large number of factors affecting

AWS-3 LTE Impacts on Aeronautical Mobile Telemetry

February 25, 2021
William F. Young, Duncan McGillivray, Adam Wunderlich, Mark Krangle, Jack Sklar, Aric Sanders, Keith Forsyth, Mark A. Lofquist, Dan Kuester
This technical report details an effort to design, demonstrate, and validate a test methodology to measure the impacts of Long Term Evolution (LTE) User Equipment (UE) emissions in the advanced wireless services 3 (AWS-3) band on aeronautical mobile

Digital Radiometer for Traceable Spectrum Sensing

September 14, 2020
Xifeng Lu, Dazhen Gu, Daniel G. Kuester
This paper describes a metrology instrument designed for detecting noise and interference in digital communications. A quadrature detector downconverts in-phase (I) and quadrature (Q) channels, which are each digitized at high speed. This architecture

Blind Measurement of Receiver System Noise

June 5, 2020
Daniel G. Kuester, Adam J. Wunderlich, Duncan A. McGillivray, Dazhen Gu, Audrey Puls
Tightly packaged receive systems pose a challenge for noise measurements. The only available receiver outputs are often user data: link benchmark or diagnostic information that can be scavenged with software. These could include data rate benchmark, self

Characterizing LTE User Equipment Emissions: Factor Screening

September 30, 2019
Jason Coder, Adam Wunderlich, Michael R. Frey, Paul T. Blanchard, Dan Kuester, Azizollah Kord, Max Lees, Aric Sanders, Jolene Splett, Lucas N. Koepke, Rob Horansky, Duncan McGillivray, John M. Ladbury, Jeffrey T. Correia, Venkatesh Ramaswamy, Jerediah Fevold, Shawn Lefebre, Jacob K. Johnson, John Carpenter, Mark Lofquist, Keith Hartley, Melissa Midzor
Characterizations of long-term evolution (LTE) user equipment (UE) emissions are a key ingredient in models of interference between wireless cellular networks and other systems that must use the same radio frequency spectrum. This report presents (i) a

SDR-Based Experiments for LTE-LAA Based Coexistence Systems with Improved Design

December 4, 2017
Yao Ma, Ryan T. Jacobs, Daniel G. Kuester, Jason B. Coder, William F. Young
To enhance spectrum efficiency in next generation heterogeneous wireless systems, it is important to improve shared spectrum usage between unlicensed long-term evolution (LTE) systems, such as the license assisted access (LAA), and legacy systems, such as

Interference Tests at Room Temperature Applied to Deployed Low-Noise Receivers

October 18, 2017
Daniel G. Kuester, Duncan A. McGillivray, Adam J. Wunderlich, William F. Young
Wireless interference tests are often performed in shielded anechoic and semi-anechoic chambers near room temperature. The corresponding test condition experienced by a receiver DUT is antenna noise temperature equal to physical room temperature (barring

Black Box Measurement of System Noise in Integrated Wireless Receivers

September 13, 2017
Daniel G. Kuester, Duncan A. McGillivray, Sheryl M. Genco, Dazhen Gu
Tightly-integrated antennas and inaccessible radio frequency (RF) outputs are common barriers to measuring system noise in integrated wireless receive systems. We propose a solution centered on locating "SNR isoresponses" --- processed receiver outputs

Equivalent Isotropic Response as a Surrogate for Incident Field Strength

July 9, 2017
Dan Kuester, Duncan McGillivray, William F. Young, John M. Ladbury, Ari Feldman, Adam Wunderlich, Sheryl M. Genco
The strength of a radiated field at some location in free space can be described in terms of the equivalent conducted output from an isotropic probe antenna with a specified reference polarization. This metric has already entered use by various standards

LTE impacts on GPS

February 15, 2017
William F. Young, Ari D. Feldman, Sheryl M. Genco, Azizollah Kord, Daniel G. Kuester, John M. Ladbury, Duncan A. McGillivray, Audrey K. Puls, Andre R. Rosete, Adam J. Wunderlich, Wen-Bin Yang
This report describes the test methodology from “LTE impacts on GPS: Test and Metrology Plan” developed by National Advanced Spectrum and Communications Test Network (NASCTN), and data that are the result of executing the test method. The fundamental goals

Demultiplexing Spectrum-Sharing Field Sources with Distributed Field Probes

July 24, 2016
Dan Kuester, Ryan T. Jacobs, Yao Ma, Jason Coder
A complete characterization of multiple-device wireless interactions must include data relatable to the electromagnetic field radiated by each device under test (DUT). If these field sources are separable in time or frequency, they can be demultiplexed

A Simulation Study of the LTE Interference on WiFi Signal Detection

January 6, 2016
Yao Ma, Daniel G. Kuester, Jason B. Coder, William F. Young
To address the spectrum scarcity problem and enhance spectrum utilization efficiency, spectrum sharing and coexistence of different wireless communication systems are important ongoing research topics. Unlicensed use of the ISM band by the long-term

Testing Spectrum Sensing Networks by UAV

January 5, 2016
Dan Kuester, Ryan T. Jacobs, Yao Ma, Jason Coder
We consider here the use of hovering unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) to test spectrum sensing capabilities of Citizen's Broadband Radio Service (CBRS) systems at 3.5 GHz. Aircraft transmit synthesized LTE or pulsed radar modulation to excite spectrum

G-band micro-fabricated frequency-steered arrays with 2deg/GHz beam steering

July 17, 2013
Leonardo M. Ranzani, Daniel G. Kuester, Kenneth Vanhille, Anatoliy Boryssenko, Erich N. Grossman, Zoya Popovic
In this paper, we describe micro-fabricated frequency-scanned slot waveguide arrays operating between 130 and 180 GHz for planetary landing radar. The group delay dispersion of the feed line is increased by corrugating the bottom rectangular waveguide wall

A Reference Modulated Scatterer for ISO18000-6 UHF Tag Testing

November 15, 2012
David R. Novotny, Daniel G. Kuester, Jeffrey R. Guerrieri
We present a method for measuring Ultra-High Frequency Radio-Frequency Identification (UHF RFID) tag differential RCS that has the potential for being easier and more accurate than current and proposed methods [1-2]. This method is based on accurately

Baseband Voltage and Power in Load-Modulated Digital Backscatter

November 15, 2012
Daniel G. Kuester, David R. Novotny, Jeffrey R. Guerrieri, Zoya Popovic
Passive digital backscatter signals in systems like radio frequency identification (RFID) are usually received along with strong interference from a leaked carrier. The simplest way to quantify the “useful” communication signal is to separate an amplitude

Simple Test and Modeling of RFID Tag Backscatter

July 1, 2012
Daniel G. Kuester, David R. Novotny, Jeffrey R. Guerrieri, Aniwar Ibrahim, Zoya Popovic
We consider here worst-case analysis of backscatter from passive radio frequency identification (RFID) tags. The basis is a figure of merit "B" to relate link power at reader ports to tag circuit parameters. A minimum bound for received monostatic