Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Publications

Search Publications by Esther Baumann

Search Title, Abstract, Conference, Citation, Keyword or Author
Displaying 1 - 25 of 61

Dual-comb photoacoustic spectroscopy

June 19, 2020
Author(s)
Jacob T. Friedlein, Esther Baumann, Kimberly Briggman, Gabriel M. Colacion, Fabrizio R. Giorgetta, Daniel I. Herman, Nathan R. Newbury, Jeeseong Hwang, Ian R. Coddington, Kevin C. Cossel, Gabriel Ycas, Christopher Yung, Eli V. Hoenig, Edgar F. Perez, Aaron Goldfain
Spectrally-resolved photoacoustic imaging is a promising technique for label-free imaging in optically scattering materials. However, this technique often requires acquisition of a separate image at each wavelength of interest. This reduces imaging speeds

Measurement of the impact of turbulence anisoplanatism on precision free-space optical time transfer

February 27, 2019
Author(s)
William C. Swann, Martha I. Bodine, Isaac H. Khader, Jean-Daniel Deschenes, Esther Baumann, Laura C. Sinclair, Nathan R. Newbury
Future highly precise free-space optical clock networks will require optically-based two-way time and frequency transfer links. As these networks extend over longer distances, they will include links between moving platforms, e.g. ground-to-air or ground

Fully self-referenced frequency comb consuming 5 Watts of electrical power

September 12, 2018
Author(s)
Paritosh Manurkar, Edgar F. Perez, Daniel D. Hickstein, David R. Carlson, Jeffrey T. Chiles, Daron A. Westly, Esther Baumann, Scott A. Diddams, Nathan R. Newbury, Kartik A. Srinivasan, Scott B. Papp, Ian R. Coddington
We present a hybrid fiber/waveguide design for a 100-MHz frequency comb that is fully self- referenced and temperature controlled with less than 5 W of electrical power. Self-referencing is achieved by supercontinuum generation in a silicon nitride

Femtosecond timekeeping: slip-free optical clockwork for optical timescales

April 3, 2018
Author(s)
Daniel I. Herman, Stefan Droste, Esther Baumann, Jonathan Roslund, Dmitriy Churin, Arman Cingoz, Jean-Daniel Deschenes, Isaac H. Khader, William C. Swann, Craig W. Nelson, Nathan R. Newbury, Ian R. Coddington
The generation of true optical time standards will require the conversion of the highly stable optical frequency output of an optical atomic clock to a high-fidelity time output. We demonstrate comb-based clockwork that phase-coherently integrates ~7x10e20

Synchronization of clocks through 12km of strongly turbulent air over a city

October 11, 2016
Author(s)
Laura C. Sinclair, William C. Swann, Hugo Bergeron, Esther Baumann, Michael A. Cermak, Ian R. Coddington, Jean-Daniel Deschenes, Fabrizio R. Giorgetta, Juan Juarez, Isaac H. Khader, Keith G. Petrillo, Katherine T. Souza, Michael L. Dennis, Nathan R. Newbury
We demonstrate real-time, femtosecond-level clock synchronization across a low-lying, strongly turbulent, 12-km horizontal air path by optical two-way time transfer. For this long horizontal free-space path, the integrated turbulence extends well into the

Tight real-time synchronization of a microwave clock to an optical clock across a turbulent air path

April 15, 2016
Author(s)
Hugo Bergeron, Laura C. Sinclair, William C. Swann, Craig W. Nelson, Jean-Daniel Deschenes, Esther Baumann, Fabrizio R. Giorgetta, Ian R. Coddington, Nathan R. Newbury
The ability to distribute the precise time and frequency from an optical clock to remote platforms could enable future precise navigation and sensing systems. Here we demonstrate tight, real-time synchronization of a remote microwave clock to a master

Laser Welding of Dual-Phase Galvanized Sheet Steel

March 18, 2016
Author(s)
Stephanie L. Miller, Erik A. Pfeif, Andrei F. Kazakov, Esther Baumann, Marla L. Dowell
Laser welding has many advantages over traditional joining methods, but remains underutilized. NIST has undertaken an initiative to improve predictions of weldability, reliability, and performance of laser welds. This study investigates butt welding of

Optical system design for femtosecond-level synchronization of clocks

February 13, 2016
Author(s)
Laura C. Sinclair, William C. Swann, Jean-Daniel Deschenes, Hugo Bergeron, Fabrizio R. Giorgetta, Esther Baumann, Michael A. Cermak, Ian R. Coddington, Nathan R. Newbury
Synchronization of optical clocks via optical two-way time-frequency transfer across free-space links can result in time offsets between the two clocks below tens of femtoseconds over many hours. The complex optical system necessary to support such

Femtosecond synchronization of optical clocks over free-space links

December 11, 2015
Author(s)
Jean-Daniel Deschenes, Laura C. Sinclair, Fabrizio R. Giorgetta, William C. Swann, Esther Baumann, Hugo Bergeron, Michael A. Cermak, Nathan R. Newbury
The use of optical clocks/oscillators in future ultra-precise navigation, gravitational sensing, and relativity experiments will require time comparison and synchronization over terrestrial or satellite free-space links. Here we demonstrate full

Broadband phase spectroscopy over turbulent air paths

September 4, 2015
Author(s)
Fabrizio R. Giorgetta, Greg B. Rieker, Esther Baumann, William C. Swann, Laura C. Sinclair, Jonathan Kofler, Ian R. Coddington, Nathan R. Newbury
Broadband atmospheric phase spectra are measured at sub-milliradian uncertainty corresponding to a 10-13 refractive index change, despite strong decoherence from atmospheric turbulence. A phase-sensitive dual-comb spectrometer acquires spectra over 233 cm

A compact optically coherent fiber frequency comb

August 18, 2015
Author(s)
Laura C. Sinclair, Jean-Daniel Deschenes, Lindsay I. Sonderhouse, William C. Swann, Isaac H. Khader, Esther Baumann, Nathan R. Newbury, Ian R. Coddington
We describe design and operation of a robust self-referenced, optically coherent frequency comb. The system robustness is derived from a combination of an optics package based on polarization-maintaining fiber, high signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) detection of

Frequency-Comb-Based Remote Sensing of Greenhouse Gases over Kilometer Air Paths

October 29, 2014
Author(s)
Greg B. Rieker, Fabrizio R. Giorgetta, William C. Swann, Jonathan Kofler, Alexander M. Zolot, Laura C. Sinclair, Esther Baumann, Christopher L. Cromer, G. Petron, Colm Sweeney, P P. Tans, Ian R. Coddington, Nathan R. Newbury
We demonstrate frequency comb tooth-by-tooth measurements of atmospheric gas absorption across a 2-km, turbulent, open-air path through coherent dual-comb spectroscopy. High accuracy, high signal-to-noise transmission spectra are acquired spanning 5990 to

Comb-calibrated laser ranging for three-dimensional surface profiling with micrometer-level precision at a distance

October 6, 2014
Author(s)
Esther Baumann, Fabrizio R. Giorgetta, Jean-Daniel Deschenes, William C. Swann, Ian R. Coddington, Nathan R. Newbury
Non-contact surface mapping at a distance is interesting in diverse applications including industrial metrology, manufacturing, forensics, and artifact documentation and preservation. Frequency modulated continuous wave (FMCW) laser detection and ranging

Precision limitations in coherent laser ranging due to speckle phase noise

August 15, 2014
Author(s)
Esther Baumann, Jean-Daniel Deschenes, Fabrizio R. Giorgetta, William C. Swann, Ian R. Coddington, Nathan R. Newbury
The ultimate precision of coherent laser three-dimensional mapping of a diffusely scattering surface will be determined by speckle noise. Speckle phase noise gives rise both to apparent range outliers and to excess range noise during lateral scans

Speckle phase noise in coherent laser ranging: fundamental precision limitations

August 8, 2014
Author(s)
Esther Baumann, Jean-Daniel Deschenes, Fabrizio R. Giorgetta, William C. Swann, Ian R. Coddington, Nathan R. Newbury
Frequency-modulated continuous-wave laser detection and ranging (FMCW LADAR) measures the range to a surface through coherent detection of the backscattered light from a frequency-swept laser source. The ultimate limit to the range precision of FMCW LADAR

High Resolution Frequency Comb Molecular Spectroscopy.

November 3, 2013
Author(s)
Ian R. Coddington, Alexander M. Zolot, Esther Baumann, Fabrizio R. Giorgetta, Greg B. Rieker, Jeffrey W. Nicholson, William C. Swann, Nathan R. Newbury
Frequency combs serve as an extremely high accuracy reference across broad portions of the optical spectrum. Dual frequency combs harness this accuracy and allow for fast and highly fidelity molecular spectroscopy.

High-performance free-space photonic links for frequency/time transfer

September 8, 2013
Author(s)
Nathan R. Newbury, Fabrizio R. Giorgetta, William C. Swann, Laura C. Sinclair, Esther Baumann, Ian R. Coddington
We discuss optical two-way time and frequency transfer over air to connect remote optical clocks/oscillators. This method can link remote sites with a residual timing noise of femtoseconds and a residual fractional accuracy below 10^-18.

The impact of turbulence on high accuracy time-frequency transfer across free space

June 26, 2013
Author(s)
Laura C. Sinclair, Fabrizio R. Giorgetta, William C. Swann, Esther Baumann, Ian R. Coddington, Nathan R. Newbury
Atmospheric optical path-length variations are measured across a 2-km optical link through a frequency comb-based system with femtosecond-level precision. Without mitigation, the turbulent piston effect will severely restrict time-frequency transfer from

A comb-calibrated FMCW LADAR for absolute distance measurements

June 15, 2013
Author(s)
Esther Baumann, Fabrizio R. Giorgetta, Ian R. Coddington, Laura C. Sinclair, Kevin O. Knabe, William C. Swann, Nathan R. Newbury
We present a comb calibrated frequency-modulated continuous wave (FMCW) LADAR system for absolute distance measurements to diffuse or specular surfaces. The FMCW LADAR uses a MEMS-based external cavity laser that is swept quasi-sinusoidally over 1 THz at a

Free-space optical time-frequency transfer over 2 km

June 9, 2013
Author(s)
William C. Swann, Fabrizio R. Giorgetta, Laura C. Sinclair, Esther Baumann, Ian R. Coddington, Nathan R. Newbury
Precision free-space time-frequency transfer could advance fields where present microwave-based transfer is inadequate. We demonstrate an optical free-space link with femtosecond timing deviation and residual instability below 10−18 at 1000 seconds.

Open-Path Dual-Comb Spectroscopy of Greenhouse Gases

June 9, 2013
Author(s)
Greg B. Rieker, Fabrizio R. Giorgetta, William C. Swann, Ian R. Coddington, Laura C. Sinclair, Christopher L. Cromer, Esther Baumann, Alexander M. Zolot, Nathan R. Newbury
Frequency-comb spectroscopy in the near-infrared is used to measure atmospheric CO2 and H2O concentrations over a 2-km outdoor open-air path. This technique shows promise for measurements over length scales between point sensors and satellite systems.