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Search Publications by: Esther Baumann (Fed)

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Displaying 1 - 25 of 76

Open-path measurement of stable water isotopologues using mid-infrared dual-comb spectroscopy

September 8, 2023
Daniel Herman, Griffin Mead, Fabrizio Giorgetta, Esther Baumann, Nathan Malarich, Brian Washburn, Nathan R. Newbury, Ian Coddington, Kevin Cossel
We present an open-path mid-infrared dual-comb spectrometer (DCS) capable of precise measurement of the stable water isotopologues H216O and HD16O. This system runs in a remote configuration at a rural test site with high uptime and achieves a precision of

Dual-Comb Spectroscopy of Carbon Dioxide and Methane Across a 14.5 km Long Outdoor Path

September 1, 2023
Fabrizio Giorgetta, Esther Baumann, Brian Washburn, Nathan Malarich, Jean-Daniel Deschenes, Ian Coddington, Nathan Newbury, Kevin Cossel
Greenhouse-gas dual-comb spectroscopy is extended to a city-scale 14.5-km path length using remote receiver and data acquisition. This configuration enables lower link losses and longer path lengths compared to folded paths with a remote retroreflector

Coherent Laser Ranging of Deforming Objects in Fires at Sub-Millimeter Precision

July 7, 2023
Matthew Hoehler, Artur A. Chernovsky, Matthew Bundy, Esther Baumann
This paper applies coherent Frequency Modulated Continuous Wave Light Detection and Ranging to capture three-dimensional measurements of objects in fire at meters of stand-off distance. Despite the presence of flame depths up to 1.5 m obscuring the target

Extending Dual-Comb Spectroscopy Path Length to 14.5 km by Separating Receiver from Transmitter

June 1, 2023
Fabrizio Giorgetta, Esther Baumann, Brian Washburn, Nathan Malarich, J.-D. Deschenes, Ian Coddington, Nathan Newbury, Kevin Cossel
We present dual-comb spectroscopy across a 14.5-km path using remote receiver and data acquisition. This configuration results in lower link losses compared to open-path configurations with co-located transmitter and receiver.

A compact mid-infrared dual-comb spectrometer for outdoor spectroscopy

April 9, 2022
Gabriel Ycas, Fabrizio Giorgetta, Jacob T. Friedlein, Daniel Herman, Kevin Cossel, Esther Baumann, Nathan R. Newbury, Ian Coddington
This manuscript describes the design of a robust, mode-locked laser based, mid-infrared dual- comb spectrometer operating in the 3.1-µm to 4-µm spectral window. The design represents an improvement in signal-to-noise, system size, power consumption and

10 GHz Generation with Ultra-Low Phase Noise via the Transfer Oscillator Technique

February 8, 2022
Nicholas Nardelli, Tara Fortier, Marco Pomponio, Esther Baumann, Craig Nelson, Thomas Schibli, Archita Hati
We generate 10 GHz microwave signals using the transfer oscillator technique, which employs digital and RF analog techniques to coherently remove the additive noise from an optical frequency comb. This method permits transfer of the frequency stability and

Remote sensing using open-path dual-comb spectroscopy

January 1, 2021
Kevin Cossel, Eleanor M. Waxman, Esther Baumann, Fabrizio Giorgetta, Brian Washburn, Caroline Alden, Sean Coburn
Open-path dual-comb spectroscopy (DCS) is an emerging technique for long open-path measurements across km-scale paths. It provides both broad spectral coverage over hundreds of wavenumbers with high spectral resolution and negligible instrument lineshape

Dual-comb photoacoustic spectroscopy

June 19, 2020
Jacob T. Friedlein, Esther Baumann, Kimberly Briggman, Gabriel M. Colacion, Fabrizio R. Giorgetta, Daniel I. Herman, Nathan R. Newbury, Jeeseong Hwang, Ian R. Coddington, Kevin C. Cossel, Gabriel Ycas, Christopher Yung, Eli V. Hoenig, Edgar F. Perez, Aaron Goldfain
Spectrally-resolved photoacoustic imaging is a promising technique for label-free imaging in optically scattering materials. However, this technique often requires acquisition of a separate image at each wavelength of interest. This reduces imaging speeds

Dual comb spectroscopy with tailored spectral broadening in nanophotonic Si3N4

April 15, 2019
Esther Baumann, Edgar Perez, Gabriel M. Colacion, Fabrizio Giorgetta, Kevin Cossel, Gabriel Ycas, David Carlson, Kartik Srinivasan, Scott Papp, Ian Coddington, Nathan R. Newbury
Spectral broadening of compact robust Er+: fiber combs is demonstrated with tailored Si3N4 waveguides to obtain spectrally-smooth broadened light in the 2 μm 2.5 μm atmospheric water window for gas spectroscopy. This successfully extends the Er+ spectrum

Measurement of the impact of turbulence anisoplanatism on precision free-space optical time transfer

February 27, 2019
William C. Swann, Martha I. Bodine, Isaac H. Khader, Jean-Daniel Deschenes, Esther Baumann, Laura C. Sinclair, Nathan R. Newbury
Future highly precise free-space optical clock networks will require optically-based two-way time and frequency transfer links. As these networks extend over longer distances, they will include links between moving platforms, e.g. ground-to-air or ground

Mid-infrared dual-comb spectroscopy of volatile organic compounds across long open-air paths

February 5, 2019
Gabriel Ycas, Fabrizio Giorgetta, Kevin Cossel, Eleanor M. Waxman, Esther Baumann, Nathan R. Newbury, Ian Coddington
Open-path measurements of atmospheric gas species in the air, including volatile organic compounds, are essential to quantify emissions from sources like oil and gas, forest fires, and industry. Here, we extend open-path dual-comb spectroscopy to probe the

Fully self-referenced frequency comb consuming 5 Watts of electrical power

September 12, 2018
Paritosh Manurkar, Edgar F. Perez, Daniel D. Hickstein, David R. Carlson, Jeffrey T. Chiles, Daron A. Westly, Esther Baumann, Scott A. Diddams, Nathan R. Newbury, Kartik A. Srinivasan, Scott B. Papp, Ian R. Coddington
We present a hybrid fiber/waveguide design for a 100-MHz frequency comb that is fully self- referenced and temperature controlled with less than 5 W of electrical power. Self-referencing is achieved by supercontinuum generation in a silicon nitride

Femtosecond timekeeping: slip-free optical clockwork for optical timescales

April 3, 2018
Daniel I. Herman, Stefan Droste, Esther Baumann, Jonathan Roslund, Dmitriy Churin, Arman Cingoz, Jean-Daniel Deschenes, Isaac H. Khader, William C. Swann, Craig W. Nelson, Nathan R. Newbury, Ian R. Coddington
The generation of true optical time standards will require the conversion of the highly stable optical frequency output of an optical atomic clock to a high-fidelity time output. We demonstrate comb-based clockwork that phase-coherently integrates ~7x10e20

Synchronization of clocks through 12km of strongly turbulent air over a city

October 11, 2016
Laura C. Sinclair, William C. Swann, Hugo Bergeron, Esther Baumann, Michael A. Cermak, Ian R. Coddington, Jean-Daniel Deschenes, Fabrizio R. Giorgetta, Juan Juarez, Isaac H. Khader, Keith G. Petrillo, Katherine T. Souza, Michael L. Dennis, Nathan R. Newbury
We demonstrate real-time, femtosecond-level clock synchronization across a low-lying, strongly turbulent, 12-km horizontal air path by optical two-way time transfer. For this long horizontal free-space path, the integrated turbulence extends well into the

Tight real-time synchronization of a microwave clock to an optical clock across a turbulent air path

April 15, 2016
Hugo Bergeron, Laura C. Sinclair, William C. Swann, Craig Nelson, Jean-Daniel Deschenes, Esther Baumann, Fabrizio R. Giorgetta, Ian R. Coddington, Nathan R. Newbury
The ability to distribute the precise time and frequency from an optical clock to remote platforms could enable future precise navigation and sensing systems. Here we demonstrate tight, real-time synchronization of a remote microwave clock to a master

Laser Welding of Dual-Phase Galvanized Sheet Steel

March 18, 2016
Stephanie L. Miller, Erik A. Pfeif, Andrei F. Kazakov, Esther Baumann, Marla L. Dowell
Laser welding has many advantages over traditional joining methods, but remains underutilized. NIST has undertaken an initiative to improve predictions of weldability, reliability, and performance of laser welds. This study investigates butt welding of

Optical system design for femtosecond-level synchronization of clocks

February 13, 2016
Laura C. Sinclair, William C. Swann, Jean-Daniel Deschenes, Hugo Bergeron, Fabrizio R. Giorgetta, Esther Baumann, Michael A. Cermak, Ian R. Coddington, Nathan R. Newbury
Synchronization of optical clocks via optical two-way time-frequency transfer across free-space links can result in time offsets between the two clocks below tens of femtoseconds over many hours. The complex optical system necessary to support such