Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Search Publications by: Fan Zhang (Fed)

Search Title, Abstract, Conference, Citation, Keyword or Author
Displaying 1 - 25 of 69

Precision Calcination Mechanism of CaCO 3 to High-Porosity Nanoscale CaO CO 2 Sorbent Revealed by Direct In Situ Observations

April 5, 2024
Jenny Martinez, Jenna Wardini, Xueli Zheng, Lauren Moghimi, Jason Rakowsky, Jonathan Means, Huiming Guo, Ivan Kuzmenko, Jan Ilavsky, Fan Zhang, Pratik Dholabhai, Leora Dresselhaus-Marais, William Bowman
Deploying energy storage and carbon capture at scale is hindered by the substantial endothermic penalty of decomposing CaCO3 to CaO and CO2, and the rapid loss of CO2 absorption capacity by CaO sorbent particles due to sintering at the high requisite

Phase Composition and Phase Transformation of Additively Manufactured Nickel Alloy 718 AM Bench Artifacts

February 5, 2024
Fan Zhang, Aaron Johnston-Peck, Lyle E. Levine, Michael Katz, Kil-Won Moon, Maureen E. Williams, Sandra W. Young, Andrew J. Allen, Olaf Borkiewicz, Jan Ilavsky
Additive Manufacturing (AM) technologies offer unprecedented design flexibility but are limited by a lack of understanding of the material microstructure formed under their extreme and transient processing conditions and its subsequent transformation

In situ Probing of Interfacial Roughness and Transient Phases During Ceramic Cold Sintering Process

October 15, 2023
Fan Zhang, Russell Maier, Igor Levin, Andrew J. Allen, Jun-Sang Park, Peter Kenesei, Ivan Kuzmenko, Jan Ilavsky, Pete Jemian
The ceramic cold sintering process (CSP) offers an eco-friendly approach to producing fully dense ceramics at low temperatures. However, an incomplete mechanistic understanding hinders its optimization and widespread adoption. In this study, we analyze the

Effect of austenite fraction and stability on strength-hardening-ductility in additively manufactured 17-4 PH stainless steel containing nitrogen

June 30, 2023
Saadi Habib, Steven P. Mates, Fan Zhang, Mark R. Stoudt, James Zuback, Olaf Borkiewicz
Additively-manufactured (AM) 17-4 precipitation-hardening (PH) martensitic stainless steel (SS) built from nitrogen-atomized powder often retains a large volume fraction of austenite. The retained austenite lowers the yield strength compared to both

A high-strength precipitation hardened cobalt-free high-entropy alloy

April 12, 2023
Matthew Luebbe, Jiaqi Duan, Fan Zhang, Jonathan Poplawsky, Hans Pommeranke, Maalavan Arivu, Andrew Hoffman, Haiming Wen
Recent studies on precipitation-hardened high-entropy alloys (HEAs) demonstrate their high strength and thermal stability, making them promising materials for high-temperature structural applications such as nuclear reactors. However, many existing HEAs

Solidification modes during additive manufacturing of steel revealed by high-speed X-ray diffraction

March 1, 2023
Hans-Henrik Konig, Niklas Hollander Pettersson, A Durga, Steven Van Petegem, Daniel Grolimund, Qilin Guo, Chihpin Chuang, lianyi Chen, Christos Oikonomou, Fan Zhang, Greta Lindwall
Solidification during fusion-based additive manufacturing (AM) is characterized by high solidification velocities and high thermal gradients, two factors that control the solidification mode of AM metals and alloys. Using two synchrotron-based, in situ

Control of Micro-and Nanostructure of Layered Double Hydroxides by Hydrothermal Treatment

February 23, 2023
Keiichiro Maegawa, Fan Zhang, Qiaxian Johnson, Mihaela Jitianu, Tan Wai Kian, Go Kawamura, Atsunori Matsuda, Andrei Jitianu
Layered double hydroxides (LDHs) are mixed M(II) and M(III) hydroxides with positively charged lamellar brucite layers and interlayered anions. LDHs attracted significant attention due to their anion and cation-exchange ability, adsorption capacity, and

Probing Accelerated Salt-Induced Relaxation Dynamics of Laponite Suspensions Using X-Ray Photon Correlation Spectroscopy Measurements and Molecular Dynamics Simulations

December 22, 2022
Sohaib Mohammed, Meishen Liu, Qingteng Zhang, Suresh Narayanan, Fan Zhang, Greeshma Gadikota
Linking the physics of the relaxation behavior of visco-elastic fluids as they form arrested gel states to the underlying nano-scale structure and energetic interactions is essential for developing predictive controls. In this study, laponite suspensions

Density changes in amorphous silicon induced by swift heavy ions

October 4, 2022
Sjoerd Roorda, Amelie Lacroix, Stephanie Codsi, Gabrielle Long, Fan Zhang, Steven Weigand, Christina Trautmann
Pure and gold-doped amorphous silicon membranes were irradiated with swift heavy ions (75 MeV Ag or 1.1 GeV Au ions) and studied by small angle X-ray scattering. The samples that were irradiated with 1.1 GeV Au ions produced a scattering pattern consistent

Phase transformation dynamics guided alloy design for additive manufacturing

August 23, 2022
Qilin Guo, Minglei Qu, Chihpin Chuang, Lianghua Xiong, Ali Nabaa, Zachary Young, Yang Ren, Peter Kenesei, Fan Zhang, Lianyi Chen
Fusion-based additive manufacturing technologies enable the fabrication of geometrically and compositionally complex parts unachievable by conventional manufacturing methods. However, the non-uniform and far-from-equilibrium heating/cooling conditions pose

Stable Nitride Precipitation in Additively Manufactured Nickel Superalloys

April 6, 2022
James Zuback, Fan Zhang, Andrew Iams, Lucille Giannuzzi, Todd Palmer
With negligible quantities of nitrogen, wrought and welded solid solution strengthened nickel superalloys usually contain carbides and topologically close-packed phases, such as Laves phase. However, appreciable nitrogen levels on the order of 0.1 mass %

How Austenitic is a Martensitic Steel Produced by Laser Powder Bed Fusion? A Cautionary Tale

December 2, 2021
Fan Zhang, Mark R. Stoudt, Souzan Hammadi, Carelyn E. Campbell, Eric A. Lass, Maureen E. Williams
Accurate phase fraction analysis is an essential element of microstructural characterization of alloys and often serves as a basis to quantify effects such as heat treatment or mechanical deformation. Additive manufacturing (AM) of metals, due to the

Solid-State Transformation of an Additive Manufactured Inconel 625 Alloy at 700 degC

September 23, 2021
Fan Zhang, Jan Ilavsky, Greta Lindwall, Mark R. Stoudt, Lyle E. Levine, Andrew J. Allen
Inconel 625, a nickel-based superalloy, has drawn much attention in the emerging field of additive manufacturing (AM) because of its excellent weldability and resistance to hot cracking. The extreme processing condition of AM often introduces enormous

Influence of solidification structure on austenite to martensite transformation in additively manufactured hot-work tool steels

August 15, 2021
Chia-Ying Chou, Niklas H. Pettersson, Durga A, Fan Zhang, Christos Oikonomou, Annika Borgenstam, Joakim Odqvist, Greta Lindwall
The microstructure of a hot-work tool steel additively manufactured using laser powder-bed fusion (L-PBF), and its response to post heat treatment, is studied in detail by microstructure characterization and computational thermodynamics and kinetics. The

Temperature-insensitive silicone composites as ballistic witness materials: the impact of water content on the thermophysical properties

July 28, 2021
Ran Tao, Fan Zhang, Huong Giang Nguyen, Philip Bernstein, Amanda L. Forster, Randy Mrozek, Aaron M. Forster
In this work, different formulations of a room-temperature silicone composite backing material (SCBM) composed of polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS), fumed silica and corn starch were investigated using different characterization techniques, i.e., differential

In situ characterization of ceramic cold sintering by small-angle scattering

January 1, 2021
Andrew J. Allen, Igor Levin, Russell Maier, Suzanne E. Witt, Fan Zhang, Ivan Kuzmenko
The first in situ characterization of the pore morphology evolution during the cold sintering process (CSP) is presented using small-angle X-ray scattering methods. For practical reasons, measurements have been made on a model system, KH2PO4 (KDP). The

Development of Computational Framework for Titanium Alloy Phase Transformation Prediction in Laser Powder-bed Direct Energy Additive Manufacturing

October 16, 2020
Zhi Liang, Ivan Zhirnov, Fan Zhang, Kevontrez K. Jones, David C. Deisenroth, Maureen E. Williams, Ursula R. Kattner, Kil-Won Moon, Wing-Kam Liu, Brandon M. Lane, Carelyn E. Campbell
In conjunction with bare metal single laser track validation experiments, a computational framework is proposed to accelerate the design and development of new additive manufacturing (AM) specific alloys. Specifically, Additive Manufacturing-Computational