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Search Publications by: Laura Espinal (Fed)

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Displaying 1 - 25 of 25

Mapping employee networks through the NIST Interactions Survey

June 21, 2021
Laura Espinal, Camila Young, Justyna Zwolak
As we begin to adopt approaches to help the U.S. National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) become a more inclusive organization, we need a way to assess the current level of inclusivity. The extent to which individuals have access to

Carbon Capture and Storage Properties of Porous Octahedral Molecular Sieve

March 7, 2019
Matthew Lawson, Jarod C. Horn, Winnie Wong-Ng, Laura Espinal, Huong Giang Nguyen, James A. Kaduk, Saul H. Lapidus, Yongtao Meng, Steven L. Suib, Lan Li
Based on the experimentally determined framework structure of porous MnO2 octahedral molecular sieve (OMS)-5, we used density functional theory-based calculations to evaluate the effect of Na+ cation on pore dimensionality and structural stability, and the

Understanding Material Characteristics through Signature Traits from He Pycnometry

January 30, 2019
Huong Giang T. Nguyen, Jarod C. Horn, Matthew Bleakney, Daniel W. Siderius, Laura Espinal
Although helium pycnometry is generally the method of choice for skeletal density measurements of porous materials, few studies have provided a wide range of case studies that demonstrate how to best interpret raw data and perform measurements using it

A reference high-pressure CO2 adsorption isotherm for ammonium ZSM-5 zeolite: results of an interlaboratory study

July 26, 2018
Huong Giang T. Nguyen, Laura Espinal, Roger D. van Zee, Matthias Thommes, Blaza Toman, Sterlin Hudson, Enzo Mangano, Stefano Brandani, Katie Cychosz, Pieter Bertier, Feng Yang, Bernhard Krooss, Rebecca Siegelman, Jeffrey Long, Yoko Nakada, Kazu Nakai, Armin Ebner, James Ritter, Aaron Moran, Orhan Talu, Yi Huang, Krista Walton, Pierre Billemont, Guy de Weireld
This paper reports the results of an international interlaboratory study led by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) on the measurement of high-pressure surface excess carbon dioxide adsorption isotherms on NIST Reference Material RM

Flexible metal-organic framework compounds: In situ studies for selective CO2 capture

June 19, 2015
Andrew J. Allen, Laura Espinal, Winnie K. Wong-Ng, Wendy Queen, Craig Brown, Steven R. Kline, Kristi L. Kauffman, Jeffrey T. Culp
Results from in situ experiments are presented to correlate carbon capture with dynamic structural changes in two flexible metal-organic framework (MOF) materials: porous coordination polymers (PCPs) exhibiting promising carbon dioxide adsorption

Reference Diffraction Patterns, Microstructure, and Pore Size Distribution for the Copper (II) benzene-1,3,5-tricarboxylate Metal Organic Framework (Cu-BTC) Compounds

March 1, 2015
Winnie K. Wong-Ng, James A. Kaduk, Daniel W. Siderius, Andrew J. Allen, Laura Espinal, Brad Boyerinas, Igor Levin, Matthew Suchomel, Jan Ilavsky, Eric J. Cockayne, Hui Wu
Cu-paddle-wheel-based Cu3(BTC)2 (nicknamed Cu-BTC, where BTC ≡ benzene 1,3,5-tricarboxylate) is a metal organic framework (MOF) compound that adopts a zeolite topology. We have determined the pore size distribution using the Gelb and Gubbins technique, the

Interrogating the Carbon and Oxygen K-edge NEXAFS of a CO2-dosed Hyperbranched Aminosilica

December 19, 2014
Laura Espinal, Martin L. Green, Dean M. DeLongchamp, Watcharop Chaikittisilp, Jarod C. Horn, Miles Sakwa-Novak, Cherno Jaye, Daniel A. Fischer, Nicholas Brunelli, Christopher Jones
Near edge x-ray absorption fine structure (NEXAFS) spectroscopy was used to study the adsorption of CO2 in a hyperbranched aminosilica (HAS) compound, a porous solid state material with great potential for carbon capture applications. After dosing a

Substrate Control of Anisotropic Resistivity in Heteroepitaxial Nanostructured Arrays of Cryptomelane Manganese Oxide on Strontium Titanate

January 15, 2014
Anais E. Espinal, Yonggao Y. Yan, Lichun Zhang, Laura Espinal, Aimee Morey, Barrett O. Wells, Mark Aindow, Steven L. Suib
Resistivity and resistance measurements have been carried out for thin films of cryptomelane-type manganese oxide (OMS-2) grown onto (001), (110) and (111)STO single crystals substrates via pulsed laser deposition. Combined with controlled synthesis and

Measurement, Standards, and Data Needs for CO2 Capture Materials: A Critical Review

October 21, 2013
Laura Espinal, Dianne L. Poster, Winnie K. Wong-Ng, Andrew J. Allen, Martin L. Green
The commercial deployment of cost-effective carbon capture technology is hindered partially by the lack of a proper suite of materials-related standards, data, and measurement methods, which would provide critical information for the systematic design of

Porosity and Its Measurement

September 17, 2013
Laura Espinal
Numerous approaches have been applied for measuring the porosity of materials. The most common techniques are based on gas sorption, liquid intrusion, microscopy, and X-ray and neutron scattering. Each technique provides a characteristic value of porosity

Investigation of NaY Zeolite with Adsorbed CO2 by Neutron Powder Diffraction

May 17, 2013
Winnie K. Wong-Ng, James A. Kaduk, Qingzhen Huang, Laura Espinal, Lan (. Li, Jacob W. Burress
The crystal structure of dehydrated NaY zeolite (Na-FAU structure type) with and without adsorbed CO2 has been determined at 4K and at room temperature (RT) using neutron powder diffraction techniques. The CO2-containing sample was prepared at -78 °C and 0

Flexible Metal Organic Framework Compound, Ni(1,2-bis(4-pyridyl)ethylene)[Ni(CN)4]n, for CO2 Sorption Applications

April 7, 2013
Winnie K. Wong-Ng, Jeffrey T. Culp, Yu-Sheng Chen, Laura Espinal, Andrew J. Allen, Daniel W. Siderius, Craig M. Brown, Wendy Queen, Peter Zavalij, Christopher Matranga
New sorbent materials are required for carbon capture because coal-fired electrical power plants, the largest emitters of this greenhouse gas, will continue to produce much of our nation’s electricity for at least several decades. Within the family of

Improved Synthesis and Crystal Structure of the Flexible Pillared Layer Porous Coordination Polymer: Ni(1,2-bis(4-pyridyl)ethylene)[Ni(CN)4]

April 4, 2013
Winnie K. Wong-Ng, Jeffrey T. Culp, Yu-Sheng Chen, Peter Zavalij, Laura Espinal, Daniel W. Siderius, Andrew J. Allen, Steve Scheins, Christopher Matranga
A new method of synthesis was developed for the flexible coordination polymer Ni(L)[Ni(CN)4], L=1,2-bis(4-pyridyl)ethylene (bpene) to increase its CO2 sorption uptake. The structure of the newly synthesized bpene has been determined by synchrotron X-ray

Crystal Structure of NaY Zeolite with Adsorbed CO2 by Neutron Powder Diffraction

January 29, 2013
Winnie K. Wong-Ng, James A. Kaduk, Qingzhen Huang, Laura Espinal, Martin L. Green
The crystal structure of dehydrated NaY zeolite (Na-FAU structure type) with and without adsorbed CO2 has been determined at room temperature (RT) and at 4 K using neutron powder diffraction techniques. The CO2-containing sample was prepared at -78 °C and

Materials Challenges in Carbon Mitigation Technologies

April 24, 2012
Laura Espinal, Bryan D. Morreale
Thermochemical conversion of fossil fuels currently dominates the national and global energy portfolio, with the most notable being the stationary power production and transportation vehicles sectors. As global energy demand continues to increase

Carbon Storage Properties of OMS-2 Manganese Oxide

April 10, 2012
Lan (. Li, Eric J. Cockayne, Laura Espinal, Winnie K. Wong-Ng
Manganese oxide OMS-2 material, also known as alpha-MnO2, exhibits CO2 sorption hysteresis at pressures > 7 bar. Our experiments show that the hysteretic behavior strongly depends on time, temperature and pressure. To understand the atomic structures and

Time dependent CO2 sorption hysteresis in a one-dimensional microporous octahedral molecular sieve

April 6, 2012
Laura Espinal, Winnie K. Wong-Ng, Andrew J. Allen, Daniel W. Siderius, Chad R. Snyder, Eric J. Cockayne, Lan (. Li, James A. Kaduk, Anais E. Espinal, Steven L. Suib, Chun Chiu
A critical challenge in the development of novel carbon capture materials with engineered porous architectures is to understand and control the phenomenon of sorption hysteresis, whereby the path to adsorption of gas molecules by the porous host differs

Ultra-small-Angle X-ray Scattering - X-ray Photon-Correlation Spectroscopy Studies of Incipient Structural Changes in Amorphous Calcium Phosphate Based Dental Composites

February 28, 2012
Fan Zhang, Andrew J. Allen, Lyle E. Levine, Laura Espinal, Joseph M. Antonucci, Drago Skrtic, Justin N. O'Donnell, Jan Ilavsky
The local structural changes in amorphous calcium phosphate (ACP) based dental composites were studied upon heating using both static, bulk measurement techniques and recently developed ultra-small angle X-ray scattering - X-ray photon correlation

Selective Adsorption of CO2 from Light Gas Mixtures Using a Structurally Dynamic Porous Coordination Polymer

April 29, 2011
Winnie K. Wong-Ng, Andrew J. Allen, Laura Espinal, Kristi L. Kauffman, Jeffrey T. Culp, Angela Goodman, Thomas G. Brown, Mark P. Bernardo, Russel J. Pancoast, Danielle Chirdon, Christopher Matranga
The selective adsorption of CO2 from binary mixtures of N2 and CH4 was investigated using a structurally dynamic porous coordination polymer, catena-bis(dibenzoylmethanato)-(4,4’bipyridyl)nickel (II), ‘NiDBM-Bpy’, as the separation sorbent. A third gas