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Search Publications by: Mauro Zammarano (Fed)

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Displaying 1 - 25 of 48

Imidazolium Modified Clay Based ABS Nanocomposites: A Comparison Between Melt-Blending and Solution Sonication Processes

October 12, 2021
M Modesti, S Besco, A Lorenzetti, Mauro Zammarano, V Causin, C Marega, Jeffrey W. Gilman, D M. Fox, Paul C. Trulove, Hugh C. De Long, P H. Maupin
Acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS) nanocomposites containing imidazolium-modified montmorillonite have been prepared by melt-blending and solution-sonication in order to study the effects of processing on the morphology and properties of the polymer

Layered Double Hydroxides as Cation Exchange Materials

October 12, 2021
Paul Braterman, Nandika A. D'Souza, Jeffrey W. Gilman, Mickey C. Richardson, Laxmi K. Sahu, Mauro Zammarano
Layered double hydroxides (LDH) are a class of materials formally related to brucite-like hydroxides by the incorporation of higher valent cations, such as Al(III). The layer charge is neutralized by the insertion of any of a large range of exchangeable

Optimizing Flame Retardancy and Durability of Melamine-Formaldehyde/Solid-Urban-Waste Composite Panels

February 26, 2021
Mauro Zammarano, Carola Esposito Corcione, Francesca Ferrari, Raffaella Striani, Laura J. Dubrulle, Paolo Visconti, Antonio Greco
In our previous study, an innovative method for sterilization, inertization, and valorization of organic fraction of the municipal solid waste (OFMSW), to be recycled in the production of composite panels, had been developed. In this follow-up work, the

Full-Scale Experiments to Demonstrate Flammability Risk of Residential Upholstered Furniture and Mitigation Using Barrier Fabric

December 11, 2020
Mauro Zammarano, Matthew S. Hoehler, John R. Shields, Andre L. Thompson, Ickchan Kim, Isaac T. Leventon, Matthew F. Bundy
In this work, we investigated fire growth in a furnished compartment intended to mimic a living room where a couch was the main fuel load. Three TB-117-2013 compliant and commercially available couches were procured. The couches were identical except for

Reduced-Scale Test to Assess the Effect of Fire Barriers on the Flaming Combustion of Cored Composites: an Upholstery-Material Case Study

September 4, 2020
Mauro Zammarano, John R. Shields, Isaac T. Leventon, Ickchan Kim, Shonali Nazare, Andre L. Thompson, Rick D. Davis, Artur A. Chernovsky, Matthew F. Bundy
In this work, we describe a reduced-scale test (“Cube” test), based on cone calorimetry, measuring the fire performance (heat release rate, propensity to pool-fire formation, etc.) of composite specimens including a fire barrier (FB) and a flammable core

Intumescent Polydopamine Coatings for Fire Protection

March 9, 2020
Douglas M. Fox, Whirang Cho, Laura J. Dubrulle, Phillip Grutzmacher, Mauro Zammarano, Douglas M. Fox
Polydopamine coatings containing additional bioderived flame retardants were used as coatings for polyurethane foam and cardboard. The ability to form intumescing coatings was crucial for achieving good flame protection. Dopamine can effectively

Assessing Fire-blocking Effectiveness of Barrier Fabrics in the Cone Calorimeter

April 29, 2019
Shonali Nazare, William M. Pitts, Mauro Zammarano, John R. Shields, Elizabeth Knowlton, Benito De Leon
Cone calorimetric experiments have been conducted on bare flexible polyurethane foam (FPUF) samples as well as FPUF covered with a variety of fire-blocking barrier fabrics (BFs) in order to characterize and rank BF effectiveness for improving the

A Novel Application of Silicone-Based Flame-Retardant Adhesive in Plywood

September 11, 2018
Mauro Zammarano, John R. Shields, Elizabeth D. Knowlton, Ickchan Kim, Matthew S. Hoehler
A silicone-based elastomer filled with vinyl-silane treated aluminum hydroxide was used as a flame- retardant adhesive for plywood, as a replacement for a conventional polyurethane-based adhesive. The shear strength and fire performance of such a silicone

Nanocomposite Electrolytes for Lithium Batteries with Reduced Flammability

March 21, 2018
Mauro Zammarano, Apostolos Enotiadis, Nikhil Fernandes, Natalie A. A. Becerra, Emmanuel P. Giannelis
We report a family of flame-retardant electrolytes for lithium batteries based on ionic nanocomposites. The nanocomposites are synthesized in one pot by dispersing SiO2 nanoparticles charge-balanced by both Li ions and mono-amino-terminated polyether (PEO

Delamination of Organo-Modified Layered Double Hydroxides in Polyamide 6 by Melt Processing

February 19, 2017
Mauro Zammarano, S Bellayer, Jeffrey W. Gilman, Massimiliano Franceschi, Frederick Beyer, Richard H. Harris Jr., Meriani Sergio
Layered double hydroxide/polyamide 6 nanocomposites (LDH/PA6) were prepared from organo-modified LDH by melt processing. The anionic exchange capacity of LDH was varied in order to investigate its influence on the degree of exfoliation. LDH were dispersed

Effect of Carbon Nanofiber Network Formation on Flammability of Flexible Polyurethane Foams

February 19, 2017
Mauro Zammarano, Roland H. Kraemer, Richard H. Harris Jr., Thomas J. Ohlemiller, John R. Shields, Sameer Rahatekar, Jeffrey W. Gilman
Polyurethane flexible foams (PUFs) are used extensively as upholstery and bedding materials. Untreated PUFs are prone to rapid fire growth due to their low density and thermal conductivity. Furthermore, the low viscosity of the decomposition products

Flexible Polyurethane Foams Nanocomposites

February 19, 2017
Mauro Zammarano, Roland H. Kraemer, Richard H. Harris Jr., Thomas J. Ohlemiller, Sameer Rahatekar, Jeffrey W. Gilman
Polyurethane flexible foams (PUFs) have a large market as upholstery and bedding cushioning material. There is an increasing demand for flame retarded grades in rail, plane and automotive transportation. Untreated PUFs are prone to rapid fire growth due to

Ionic Liquids as Compatibilizers for the Preparation of Biopolymer Nanocomposites: Characterization Using Laser Scanning Confocal Microscopy

February 19, 2017
Jeffrey W. Gilman, P H. Maupin, Mauro Zammarano, Paul C. Trulove, D M. Fox, H DeLong, Ph Dubois, M Murariu
The process of dispersing ionic liquid modified montmorillonite in polylactide (PLA) using a twin-screw micro-compounder under different melt-compounding parameters was monitored using laser scanning confocal microscopy (LSCM). In addition the PLA-MMT

Epoxy Composites Using Wood Pulp Components as Fillers

November 30, 2016
Douglas M. Fox, Noy Kaufman, Jeremiah W. Woodcock, Jeffrey W. Gilman, John R. Shields, Rick D. Davis, Szabolcs Matko, Mauro Zammarano, Chelsea S. Davis
The components of wood, especially lignin and cellulose, have great potential for improving the properties of polymer composites. In this chapter, we discuss some of the latest developments from our lab on incorporating wood based materials into epoxy

Smoldering and Flame Resistant Textiles via Conformal Barrier Formation

November 2, 2016
Mauro Zammarano, Shonali Nazare, John R. Shields, Kathleen M. Hoffman, Rick D. Davis
A durable and flexible silicone-based backcoating (halogen and formaldehyde free) is applied to the backside of an otherwise smoldering-prone and flammable fabric. When exposed to fire, cyclic siloxanes (produced by thermal decomposition of the backcoating

Results of barrier fabrics tested in an inverted configuration

August 5, 2015
Rick D. Davis, Shonali Nazare, Szabolcs Matko, William M. Pitts, Mauro Zammarano
The document will be used to facilitate discussions between California Bureau of Electronics and Appliance Repair, Home Furnishings, and Thermal Insulation (CBEARHFTI) and us (Fire Research Division (FRD) at the National Institute of Standards and