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Search Publications by: Michael A. Riley (Fed)

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Displaying 1 - 25 of 47

Redundant Ballistic Chronograph Configuration for Body Armor Testing

July 28, 2023
Michael A. Riley, Nicholas G. Paulter Jr., Dwight D. Barry
A new configuration of the light screen pairs used in a redundant ballistic chronograph is described. This configuration complies with current ASTM International and National Institute of Justice requirements for measuring the ballistic performance of body

Disinfection of Respirators with Ultraviolet Radiation

March 25, 2022
Dianne L. Poster, Matthew Hardwick, C Cameron Miller, Michael A. Riley, W. W. Shanaka I. Rodrigo, Andras E. Vladar, John D. Wright, Christopher D. Zangmeister, Clarence Zarobila, Jeremy Starkweather, John Wynne, Jason Yilzarde
Data for interpreting virus inactivation on N95 face filtering respirators (FFRs) by ultraviolet (UV) radiation are important in developing UV strategies for N95 FFR disinfection and reuse for any situation, whether it be everyday practices, contingency

Pruning the Mechanical Impedance of Three-Dimensional Disordered Networks

February 21, 2022
Marcos Reyes-Martinez, Edwin P. Chan, Christopher Soles, Michael A. Riley, Endao Han, Nidhi Pashine, Kieran Murphy, Heinrich Jaeger, Sidney Nagel, Daniel Reid, Meng Shen, Juan J. de Pablo
Disordered networks, comprised of random arrangements of bonds and nodes, have emerged as materials with the unique ability for independent control over the shear and bulk moduli. Recent computational studies have demonstrated that an extremely high degree

Wind-Tunnel Model Scale and Estimates of Wind Effects on Low-Rise Buildings

October 12, 2021
Michael A. Riley, Emil Simiu
Although the wind load provisions of many modern building codes are based on the results of wind tunnel testing, some effects of model scale and pressure tap quantity are still not well understood. Using test data obtained at two different scales for a low

Stress and Strain Heuristics for a Layered Elastomeric Foam at Medium Impact Rates

September 14, 2020
Alexander Landauer, Jared C. Van Blitterswyk, Michael A. Riley, Aaron M. Forster
Impact mitigating materials (IMMs) are used to reduce injury or damage due to a blunt impact, which often occurs at high rates or energies. Innovation in IMMs and designs strategies are required for the development of safer protective equipment. A key

Linking Theory to Practice: Predicting Ballistic Performance from Mechanical Properties of Aged Body Armor

August 24, 2020
Amanda L. Forster, Dennis D. Leber, Amy E. Engelbrecht-Wiggans, Virginie A. Landais, Allen Chang, Emilien J. Guigues, Guillaume Messin, Michael A. Riley
It has long been a goal of the body armor testing community to establish an individualized, scientific-based protocol for predicting end-of-life of fielded body armor ballistic performance. A major obstacle in achieving this goal is that the test methods

Metrologies for Performance of Impact Mitigating Materials

June 12, 2017
Aaron M. Forster, Michael A. Riley
Soft non-linear materials are used to mitigate energy transfer between objects during high rate or frequency events. These impact mitigating materials (IMM) are used in a wide range of applications such as isolating rotating equipment, protecting buildings

Development of Database-Assisted Design for Wind Loads: Current and Future Research

February 19, 2017
Emil Simiu, Fahim H. Sadek, S M. Diniz, Michael A. Riley, S Jang, L W. Lu
Following Irminger s 1894 aerodynamic tests, Flachsbart s pioneering boundary-layer wind tunnel experiments in 1932, and University of Western Ontario (UWO) 1970 s tests, considerable progress has been achieved in low-rise building design for wind. Owing

Results of Shear Resistance Tests of Manufactures House Walls

February 19, 2017
Michael A. Riley, R E. Vega
The tests reported herein were intended to gain information on how manufactured home shear walls perform under extreme loads. The specimens tested represent sections from a typical manufactured home. The test results will be used for analytical modeling

Towards Building Simulation Tools for Next Generation Soft Body Armour Testing Standards

September 18, 2016
Steven P. Mates, Amanda L. Forster, Michael A. Riley, Kirk D. Rice, Juliana Ivancik
Accurate simulation tools for soft body armour testing would vastly improve test designer's ability to optimize and refine standards by supplying quantitative information about the influence of test variables on test outcomes. Such tools would also

Long-Term Stability of UHMWPE Fibers

February 18, 2015
Amanda L. Forster, Aaron M. Forster, Joannie W. Chin, Chiao-Chi Lin, Sylvain H. Petit, Kai-Li Kang, Nicholas G. Paulter Jr., Michael A. Riley, Kirk D. Rice
The superior performance of ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene fi bers is predicated on the development of a highly aligned molecular structure that allows the polymer to exhibit a superior strength in the axial direction of the fi ber. Body armor

Investigations of Near-Edge Ballistic Impacts on Law Enforcement Body Armor

September 1, 2014
Kirk D. Rice, Amanda L. Forster, Michael A. Riley, Nicholas Paulter
In 2005 and 2006, two law enforcement officer-involved shootings resulted in injuries to the officers when bullets were not stopped in the officers' body armor. In both cases, the bullets struck the officers' armor quite close to the edge of the ballistic


April 4, 2012
Amanda L. Forster, Haruki Kobayashi, Jae H. Kim, Michael A. Riley, Joy Dunkers, Scott Wight, Kirk D. Rice, Gale A. Holmes
The goal of this paper and presentation is to give an overview of the research effort to date being conducted at the National Institute of Standards and Technology on polymeric fibers used in soft body armor (SBA) and a discussion of future directions. The

Thermal Properties and Thermal Modeling of Ballistic Clay Box

December 30, 2011
Dale P. Bentz, Amanda L. Forster, Kirk D. Rice, Michael A. Riley
A critical component of hard and soft body armor testing is the utilization of a clay block behind the component being evaluated. One of the performance metrics used to evaluate products is the penetration depth into the clay of an indentation produced by

Analysis of Three Different Regression Models to Estimate the Ballistic Performance of New and Environmentally Conditioned Body Armor

February 14, 2011
Diane Mauchant, Michael A. Riley, Kirk D. Rice, Amanda L. Forster, Dennis D. Leber, Daniel V. Samarov
The performance standard for ballistic-resistant body armor published by the National Institute of Justice (NIJ), NIJ Standard 0101.06, recommends estimating the perforation performance of body armor by performing a statistical analysis on V50 ballistic

Energy Absorption Measurements to Standardize Foam in Stab Testing

September 13, 2010
Aaron M. Forster, Diane Mauchant, Elizabeth Wailes, Amanda L. Forster, Michael A. Riley, Kirk D. Rice
Polymer foams serve an important role in the assessment and certification of stab resistant body armor for both US and UK standards. A composite of neoprene and polyethylene foam is used behind the armor during testing. The foam mimics stab dynamics by

Effect of Moisture on Copolymer Fibers based on 5-amino-2-(p-aminophenyl)-benzimidazole.

September 6, 2010
Guillaume Messin, Amanda L. Forster, Kirk D. Rice, Michael A. Riley, Stephanie S. Watson
In recent years, there has been some concern in the soft body armor community that copolymer fibers based on 5-amino-2-(p-aminophenyl)-benzimidazole can release hydrochloric acid, which could potentially be detrimental to other fibers that might come in

Development of Soft Armor Conditioning Protocols for NIJ 0101.06: Analytical Results

September 24, 2009
Amanda L. Forster, Kirk D. Rice, Michael A. Riley, Guillaume Messin, Sylvain H. Petit, Cyril Clerici, Gale A. Holmes, Joannie W. Chin
This publication details the four major phases of analytical development work, coupled with several additional side studies, undertaken by the Office of Law Enforcement Standards in writing the Flexible Armor Conditioning Protocol in NIJ 0101.06. This