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Displaying 1 - 25 of 1950

The hazard of UV-induced oxidation to solar-viewing spacecraft optics

March 2, 2023
Charles S. Tarrio, Robert F. Berg, Thomas B. Lucatorto, Dale E. Newbury, Nicholas Ritchie, Andrew Jones, Frank Eparvier
The two most prevalent outgas contaminants on satellites are organic molecules and water vapor. Adsorbed organic molecules can degrade a solar-viewing instrument when they are cracked by ultraviolet radiation (UV) and become a light-absorbing layer of

AtomVision: A machine vision library for atomistic images

March 1, 2023
Brian DeCost, Ramya Gurunathan, Adam Biacchi, Kamal Choudhary
Computer vision techniques have immense potential for materials design applications. In this work, we introduce an integrated and general-purpose AtomVision library that can be used to generate and curate microscopy image (such as scanning tunneling

Thermal and Electronic Properties of Ba2MnSe3

February 15, 2023
Adam Biacchi, Oluwagbemiga Ojo, Wilarachchige Gunatilleke, George Nolas
The structural, thermal, and electronic properties of Ba2MnSe3 were investigated. Analysis of the low-temperature heat capacity revealed a low Debye temperature and a low average speed of sound that, together with the bonding in this material, result in a

Topological charge pumping with subwavelength Raman lattices

February 15, 2023
Ian Spielman, Gediminas Juzeliunas, Domantas Burba, mantas Raciunas
Recent experiments demonstrated deeply subwavelength lattices using atoms with $N$ internal states Raman-coupled with lasers of wavelength $\lambda$. The resulting unit cell was $\lambda/2N$ in extent, an $N$-fold reduction compared to the usual $\lambda/2

Photonic Online Learning: A Perspective

January 9, 2023
Sonia Buckley, Alexander Tait, Adam McCaughan, Bhavin Shastri
Neuromorphic systems promise to solve certain problems faster and with higher energy efficiency than traditional computing, by using the physics of the devices themselves for information processing. While initial results in photonic neuromorphic hardware

Symmetry-dependent ultrafast manipulation of nanoscale magnetic domains

December 23, 2022
Nanna Hagstrom, Rahul Jangid, F. N. U. Meera, Diego Turenne, Jeffrey Brock, Erik Lamb, Boyan Stoychev, Justine Schlappa, Natalia Gerasimova, Benjamin Van Kuiken, Rafael Gort, Laurent Mercadier, Loic Le Guyader, Andrey Samartsev, Andreas Scherz, Giuseppe Mercurio, Hermann Durr, Alexander Reid, Monika Arora, Hans Nembach, Justin Shaw, Emmanuelle Jal, Eric Fullerton, Mark Keller, Roopali Kukreja, Stefano Bonetti, Thomas J. Silva, Ezio Iacocca
Symmetry is a powerful concept in physics, but its applicability to far-from-equilibrium states is still being understood. Recent attention has focused on how far-from-equilibrium states lead to spontaneous symmetry breaking. Conversely, ultrafast optical

Precise Quantum Measurement of Vacuum with Cold Atoms

December 20, 2022
Daniel Barker, Bishnu Acharya, James A. Fedchak, Nikolai Klimov, Eric Norrgard, Julia Scherschligt, Eite Tiesinga, Stephen Eckel
We describe the cold-atom vacuum standards (CAVS) under development at the National Institute of Standards and Technology. The CAVS measures pressure in the ultra-high and extreme-high vacuum regimes by measuring the loss rate of sub-millikelvin sensor

Crystallization Kinetics in an Immiscible Polyolefin Blend

December 12, 2022
Derek Huang, Anthony Kotula, Chad R. Snyder, Kalman Migler
Motivated by the problem of brittle mechanical behavior in recycled blends of high density polyethylene (HDPE) and isotactic polypropylene (iPP), we employ optical microscopy, rheo-Raman, and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) to measure the

Efficient chip-based optical parametric oscillators from 590 nm to 1150 nm

December 2, 2022
Jordan Stone, Xiyuan Lu, Gregory Moille, Kartik Srinivasan
Optical parametric oscillators are a ubiquitous technology used to generate coherent light at frequencies not accessible by conventional laser gain. However, chip-based parametric oscillators operating in the visible spectrum have suffered from pump-to

The Mathematics of Quantum Coin-Flipping

December 1, 2022
Carl A. Miller
An expository article (aimed at the general mathematics community) about quantum cryptography and the philosophy of applied mathematics. The article focuses on quantum coin-flipping, a research problem that has a particularly long history.

Optical Atomic Clock aboard an Earth-orbiting Space Station (OACESS): Enhancing searches for physics beyond the standard model in space

November 18, 2022
Vladimir Schkolnik, Dmitry Budker, Oliver Farttman, Victor Flambaum, Leo Hollberg, Tigran Kalaydzhyan, Shimon Kolkowitz, Markus Krutzik, Andrew Ludlow, Nathan R. Newbury, Christopher Pyrlik, Laura Sinclair, Yevgeny Stadnik, Ingmari Tietje, Jun Ye, Jason Williams
We present a concept for a high-precision optical atomic clock (OAC) operating on an Earth-orbiting space station. This pathfinder science mission will compare the space-based OAC with one or more ultra-stable terrestrial OACs to search for space-time

Experimental realization of an extended Fermi-Hubbard model using a 2D lattice of dopant-based quantum dots

November 11, 2022
Richard M. Silver, Jonathan Wyrick, Xiqiao Wang, Ranjit Kashid, Garnett W. Bryant, Albert Rigosi, Pradeep Namboodiri, Ehsan Khatami
The Hubbard model is one of the primary models for understanding the essential many-body physics in condensed matter systems such as Mott insulators and cuprate high-Tc superconductors. Due to the long-range Coulomb interactions, accessible low

Dynamical Instability of 3d Stationary and Traveling Planar Dark Solitons

November 9, 2022
Ian Spielman, Amilson R. Fritsch, T. Mithun, Panayotis Kevrekidis
Here we revisit the topic of stationary and propagating solitonic excitations in self-repulsive three-dimensional Bose-Einstein condensates by quantitatively comparing theoretical analysis and associated numerical computations with our experimental results

An Overview of Ukrainian Thermophysics Research (1926 to 2022)

November 8, 2022
Vladimir Diky, Roman Zakusylo, Kostya Trachenko
We provide an overview of Ukrainian thermophysical research, its historical part and current state. The overview is supplemented by a database indexing thermophysical properties for molecular systems and alloys, as well as lists of scientific journals and

Prestress in Composite Polymer Gels as a Model for Articular Cartilage

November 2, 2022
Alexandros Chremos, Jack F. Douglas, Peter Basser, Ferenc Horkay
Articular cartilage is a composite gel-like material found in animal and human joints and exhibits a unique load-bearing performance that has been challenging to reproduce in synthetic materials and in molecular dynamics simulations. We investigate a

Enhanced Atomic Precision Fabrication by Adsorption of Phosphine into Engineered Dangling Bonds on H-Si Using STM and DFT

November 1, 2022
Jonathan Wyrick, Xiqiao Wang, Pradeep Namboodiri, Ranjit Kashid, Fan Fei, Joseph Fox, Richard M. Silver
Doping of Si using the scanning probe technique of hydrogen depassivation lithography has been shown to enable placing and positioning small numbers of P atoms with nanometer accuracy. Several groups have now used this capability to build devices that
Displaying 1 - 25 of 1950