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Search Publications

NIST Authors in Bold

Displaying 1 - 25 of 1683

Major to Trace Element Imaging and Analysis of Iron Age Glasses Using Stage Scanning in The Analytical Dual Beam Microscope (Tandem)

June 16, 2022
Edward P. Vicenzi, Thomas Lam, Jamie Weaver, Andrew Herzing, John McCloy, Rolf Sjoblom, Carolyn Pearce
Dark and clear silicate glasses formed during an iron age vitrification event ≈ 1500 years ago at the Broborg hillfort near Uppsala, Sweden have been analyzed using a scanning electron microscope equipped with a micro-X-ray fluorescence (μXRF) spectrometer

High Energy X-Ray Diffraction and Small-Angle Scattering Measurements of Hydrogen Fatigue Damage in AISI 4130 Steel

June 4, 2022
Matthew Connolly, May Martin, Peter Bradley, Damian Lauria, Andrew Slifka, Jun-Sang Park, Robert Amaro, Jonathan Almer
Accurate lifetime predictions are critical for repurposing existing pipelines for hydrogen transmission as well as for developing novel steels which are minimally susceptible to lifetime degradation by hydrogen. Ultimately, lifetime prediction models

Assessment of intra-build variations in tensile strength in electron beam powder-bed fusion Ti-6Al-4V part 1: Effects of build height

June 2, 2022
Nicholas Derimow, Alejandro Romero, Aldo Rubio, Cesar Terrazas, Newell Moser, Orion Kafka, Jake Benzing, Francisco Medina, Ryan Wicker, Nik Hrabe
In this work, rectangular blocks of electron beam powder-bed fusion (PBF-EB) additively manufactured (AM) Ti-6Al-4V were built, such that a total of 68 mini-tensile test coupons could be extracted for mechanical testing over a range of build height and

Assessment of intra-build variations in tensile strength in electron beam powder-bed fusion Ti-6Al-4V part 2: Effects of powder mixing

May 31, 2022
Nicholas Derimow, Jake Benzing, Orion Kafka, Newell Moser, Priya Pathare, Michael Walker, Frank DelRio, Nik Hrabe
In Part 2 of this paper series, high-throughput tensile testing and characterization of porosity, microstructure, and oxygen content was carried out on Ti-6Al-4V samples that were fabricated via electron beam powder-bed fusion (PBF-EB) to test our

Improved Accuracy for Calibrated Mass Distribution Measurements of Bimetallic Nanoparticles

May 23, 2022
Kaleb Duelge, George Mulholland, Antonio Montoro Bustos, Michael Zachariah, Michael Zachariah, John Pettibone
Implementation of hybrid nanoparticles (HNPs), consisting of two different metal components, into applied systems has been hindered by an incomplete understanding of structural and chemical properties responsible for their enhanced, yet inconsistent

Assessment of the reason for the vitrification of a wall at a hillfort. The example of Broborg in Sweden

May 9, 2022
Rolf Sjoblom, Eva Hjarthner-Holdar, Carolyn Pearce, Jamie Weaver, Erik Ogenhall, John McCloy, Jose Marcial, Edward Vicenzi, Michael Schweiger, Albert Kruger
It was discovered around 250 years ago that some of the rock material in the walls of some hillforts had been subjected to such high temperature that it had vitrified. This prompted a debate as to the reason for it that is still going on today: did the

Core-shell and Egg-shell Zeolite Catalysts for Enhanced Hydrocarbon Processing

April 25, 2022
Thuy Tran Le, Kumari Shilpa, Choongsze Lee, Sungmin Han, Conan Weiland, Simon Bare, Paul Dauenhauer, Jeffrey Rimer
Developing structure-performance relationships with the underlying goal of optimizing known zeolite catalysts involves the manipulation of their physicochemical properties. Here, we systematically assessed the impact of mesoscopic gradients in acid site

Antiferromagnetic VdW Phase at the Interface of Sputtered Topological Insulator/Ferromagnet Bi 2 Te 3 /Ni 80 Fe 2 0 Heterostructures

April 13, 2022
Nirjhar Bhattacharjee, Krishnamurthy Mahalingam, Adrian Fedorko, Valeria Lauter, Matthew Matzelle, Bahadur Singh, Alexander Grutter, Alexandria Will-Cole, Michael Page, Michael McConney, Robert Markiewicz, Arun Bansil, Don Heiman, Nian Sun
Magnetic ordering in topological insulators (TI) is crucial for breaking time-reversal symmetry (TRS) and thereby opening a gap in the topological surface states (TSSs) [1-6], which is the key for realizing useful topological properties such as the quantum

Chiral Spin Bobbers in Exchange-Coupled Hard-Soft Magnetic Bilayers

April 13, 2022
X. H. Zhang, T. R. Gao, L. Fang, S. Fackler, Julie A. Borchers, Brian Kirby, Brian B. Maranville, S. E. Lofland, A. T. N'Diaye, E. Arenholz, A. Ullah, J. Cui, R. Skomski, Ichiro Takeuchi
The spin structure of exchange-coupled MnBi:Co-Fe bilayers is investigated by X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD), polarized neutron reflectometry (PNR), and micromagnetic simu-lations. The purpose of the present research is two-fold. First, the

Electrically Driven Exchange Bias via Solid State Magneto-Ionics

April 13, 2022
Peyton Murray, , , , , Alexander Grutter, Brian Kirby,
Electrically induced ionic motion offers a new way to realize voltage-controlled magnetism, opening the door to a new generation of logic, sensor, and data storage technologies. Here, we demonstrate an effective approach to magneto-ionically and

Elucidating Proximity Magnetism through Polarized Neutron Reflectometry and Machine Learning

April 13, 2022
Nina Andrejevic, Zhantao Chen, Thanh Nguyen, Leon Fan, Henry Heiberger, Valeria Lauter, Ling-Jie Zhou, Yi-Fan Zhao, Cui-Zu Chang, Alexander Grutter, Mingda Li
Polarized neutron reflectometry (PNR) is a powerful technique to interrogate the structures of multilayered magnetic materials with depth sensitivity and nanometer resolution. However, reflectometry profiles often inhabit a complicated objective function

Late Stage Domain Coarsening Dynamics of Lamellar Block Copolymers

April 13, 2022
Jack F. Douglas, Maninderjeet Singh, Wenjie Wu, Vinay Nuka, Joseph Strzalka, Alamgir Karim
Block copolymer (BCP) phase separation is an intriguing phenomenon whose dynamics can be expected to differ significantly from that of the polymer blends due to constraint of chain connectivity that limits the ultimate scale of phase separation and the

Thermal Shrinkage Reveals the Feasibility of Pulse-delay Photocuring Technique

April 13, 2022
Sri Vikram Palagummi, Taeseung Hong, Li Jiang, Martin Chiang
Objectives: To resolve applicability of the pulse-delay photocuring technique to restorative dental composites as a clinical strategy for the reduction in the detrimental polymerization stress. Methods: Model dental composites with high and low-filler

A Roadmap for LIMS at NIST Material Measurement Laboratory

April 11, 2022
Gretchen Greene, Jared Ragland, Zachary Trautt, June W. Lau, Raymond L. Plante, Joshua Taillon, Adam Abel Creuziger, Chandler A. Becker, Joe Bennett, Niksa Blonder, Lisa Borsuk, Carelyn E. Campbell, Adam Friss, Lucas Hale, Michael Halter, Robert Hanisch, Gary R. Hardin, Lyle E. Levine, Samantha Maragh, Sierra Miller, Chris Muzny, Marcus William Newrock, John Perkins, Anne L. Plant, Bruce D. Ravel, David J. Ross, John Henry J. Scott, Christopher Szakal, Alessandro Tona, Peter Vallone
Instrumentation generates data faster and in higher quantity than ever before, and interlaboratory research is in historic demand domestically and internationally to stimulate economic innovation. Strategic mission needs of the NIST Material Measurement

Disinfection of Respirators with Ultraviolet Radiation

March 25, 2022
Dianne L. Poster, Matthew Hardwick, C Cameron Miller, Michael A. Riley, W. W. Shanaka I. Rodrigo, Andras E. Vladar, John D. Wright, Christopher D. Zangmeister, Clarence Zarobila, Jeremy Starkweather, John Wynne, Jason Yilzarde
Data for interpreting virus inactivation on N95 face filtering respirators (FFRs) by ultraviolet (UV) radiation are important in developing UV strategies for N95 FFR disinfection and reuse for any situation, whether it be everyday practices, contingency

Influence of Dimensionality on the Charge Density Wave Phase of 2H-TaSe2

March 23, 2022
Sugata Chowdhury, Albert Rigosi, Heather Hill, David B. Newell, Angela R. Hight Walker, Francesca Tavazza, Andrew Briggs
Metallic transition metal dichalcogenides like tantalum diselenide (TaSe2) exhibit exciting behaviors at low temperatures including the emergence of charge density wave (CDW) states. In this work, density functional theory (DFT) is used to classify the
Displaying 1 - 25 of 1683