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Displaying 1 - 25 of 1812

Universal Spectrum Identifier for mass spectra

July 2, 2021
Eric Deutsch, Yasset Perez-Riverol, Jeremy Carver, Shin Kawano, Luis Mendoza, Tim Van Den Bossche, Ralf Gabriels, Pierre-Alain Binz, Benjamin Pullman, Zhi Sun, Jim Shofstahl, Wout Bittremieux, Tytus Mak, Joshua Klein, Yunping Zhu, Henry Lam, Juan Antonio Vizcaino, Nuno Bandeira
Mass spectra provide the ultimate evidence to support the findings of mass spectrometry proteomics studies in publications, and it is therefore crucial to be able to trace the conclusions back to the spectra. The Universal Spectrum Identifier (USI)

Comprehensive Analysis of Tryptic Peptides Arising from Disulfide Linkages in NISTmAb and Their Use for Developing a Mass Spectral Library

June 22, 2021
Qian Dong, Xinjian Yan, Yuxue Liang, Sanford Markey, Sergey L. Sheetlin, Concepcion Remoroza, William E. Wallace, Stephen Stein
This work presents methods for identifying and then creating a mass spectral library for disulfide-linked peptides originating from the NISTmAb. Analysis involved both partially- reduced and non-reduced proteins under neutral and weakly basic conditions

Creation and Release of an Updated NIST DART-MS Forensics Database

June 17, 2021
Edward Sisco, Arun Moorthy, Laura M. Watt
Facing increasing caseloads and an everchanging drug landscape, forensic laboratories have been implementing new analytical tools. Direct analysis in real time mass spectrometry (DART-MS) is often one of these tools because it provides a wealth of

Copper-binding anticancer peptides fromthepiscidin family: anexpanded mechanism thatencompasses physical andchemical bilayer disruption

June 16, 2021
Fatih Comert, Frank Heinrich, Ananda Chowdhury, Mason Schoeneck, Caitlin Darling, Kyle Anderson, M. Daben J. Libardo, Alfredo Angeles-Boza, Vitalii I. Silin, Myriam Cotten, Mihaela Mihailescu
In the search for novel broad‑spectrum therapeutics to fight chronic infections, inflammation, and cancer, host defense peptides (HDPs) have garnered increasing interest. Characterizing their biologically‑active conformations and minimum motifs for

Decision Tree for Key Comparisons

April 27, 2021
Antonio Possolo, Amanda Koepke, David Newton, Michael R. Winchester
This contribution describes a Decision Tree intended to guide the selection of statistical models and data reduction procedures in key comparisons (KCs). The Decision Tree addresses a specific need of the Inorganic Analysis Working Group (IAWG) of the

Determination of Total Arsenic and Hydrophilic Arsenic species in Seafood

March 1, 2021
Caleb Luvonga, Catherine A. Rimmer, Lee L. Yu, Sang Bok Lee
Marine organisms are vital sources of staple and functional food but are also the major dietary route of human exposure to total arsenic. We report the total arsenic content and the mass fractions of hydrophilic arsenic species from five different marine

A Comparison of Measurement Methods for Alcohol-Based Hand Sanitizers

February 26, 2021
Mary Bedner, Jacolin A. Murray, Aaron A. Urbas, William A. MacCrehan, Walter Brent Wilson
The production and demand for hand sanitizers have increased dramatically during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) health emergency. To be deemed effective and safe, hand sanitizers should contain at least 60 % alcohol (typically ethanol) as well as

A new highly enriched 233U reference material for improved simultaneous determination of uranium amount and isotope amount ratios in trace level samples

January 26, 2021
Richard Essex, Ross W. Williams, Kayron T. Rogers, Cole R. Hexel, Tashi Parsons-Davis, Kerri C. Treinen
A highly-enriched 233U reference material (>0.99987 n(233U)/n(U)) has been prepared and characterized for use as an isotope dilution mass spectrometry spike. An ion exchange separation was performed on 1 gram of high purity 233U to further reduce trace

Quantitative Analysis of Zirconium Alloys Using Borate Fusion and Wavelength Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence Spectrometry

January 26, 2021
John R. Sieber, Anthony F. Marlow, Rick L. Paul, Charles A. Barber, Laura J. Wood, Lee L. Yu, Alaina Rieke, Amy Kutnerian, Jessica McCandless, Candace Wallace
The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) uses borate fusion, wavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence (WDXRF) spectrometry and synthetic calibration standards for high performance, quantitative analyses of a wide range of materials

Entropic-based separation of diastereomers. Size-exclusion chromatography with on-line viscometry and refractometry detection for analysis of blends of mannose and galactose methyl-alpha-pyranosides at "ideal" size-exclusion conditions

January 11, 2021
Andre M. Striegel, Steven Trainoff
TThe separation of carbohydrate diastereomers by an ideal size-exclusion mechanism, i.e., in the absence of enthalpic contributions to the separation, can be considered one of the grand challenges in chromatography: Can a difference in the location of a

Biomonitoring of emerging DINCH metabolites in pregnant women in Charleston, SC: 2011-2014

January 1, 2021
Abby G. Wenzel, Jessica L. Reiner, Satomi Kohno, Bethany J. Wolf, John W. Brock, Lori Cruze, Roger B. Newman
Due to the mounting evidence that phthalates produce adverse endocrine effects in humans and wildlife, the use of other chemicals as replacements has increased. One of the most commonly encountered phthalate replacement is di(isononyl)cyclohexane-1,2

Identifying risk factors for levels of perfluoroalkyl substances in the placenta in a high-risk pregnancy cohort in North Carolina

December 31, 2020
Jacqueline T. Bangma, Lauren A. Eaves, Kirsi Oldenburg, Jessica L. Reiner, Tracy Manuck, Rebecca C. Fry
Prenatal exposure to perfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS), a ubiquitous class of chemicals, is associated with adverse outcomes such as preeclampsia, low infant birth weight and later-life adiposity. The objectives of this study were to examine PFAS levels in

Relationship between the Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO) and persistent organic pollutants in sympatric Alaskan seabird (Uria aalge and U. lomvia) eggs between 1999 and 2010

December 31, 2020
Vrinda Kalia, Stacy Schuur, Keith A. Hobson, Howard H. Chang, Lance A. Waller, Steven Hare, Matthew O. Gribble
Although climate change occurs alongside other anthropogenic ecosystem impacts, little is known about how sea-surface temperature variability influences the ecotoxicology of persistent organic pollutants (POPs). We analyzed POP contaminant levels, and

Comparison of primary laser spectroscopy and mass spectrometry methods for measuring mass concentration of gaseous elemental mercury

December 10, 2020
Abneesh Srivastava, Stephen E. Long, James E. Norris, Colleen E. Bryan Sallee, Jennifer Carney, Joseph Hodges
We present a direct comparison between two independent methods for the measurement of gaseous elemental mercury (GEM) mass concentration: isotope dilution cold-vapor inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ID-CV-ICP-MS) and laser absorption
Displaying 1 - 25 of 1812