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NIST Authors in Bold

Displaying 1 - 25 of 383

Cryogenic Characterization of a Superconductor Quantum-Based Microwave Reference Source for Communications and Quantum Information

October 13, 2021
Author(s)
Alirio De Jesus Soares Boaventura, Justus Brevik, Dylan Williams, Nathan Flowers-Jacobs, Manuel Castellanos Beltran, Anna Fox, Pete Hopkins, Paul Dresselhaus, Samuel P. Benz
We are developing a new instrument, the RF Josephson arbitrary waveform synthesizer (RF-JAWS), for communications metrology and quantum information applications. An important aspect of the RF-JAWS design is the accurate and traceable characterization of

Design of a 3000 pixel transition-edge sensor x-ray spectrometer for microcircuit tomography

August 1, 2021
Author(s)
Paul Szypryt, Douglas Bennett, William J. Boone, Amber L. Dagel, G Dalton, William Doriese, Malcolm Durkin, Joseph Fowler, Edward Garboczi, Jonathon D. Gard, Gene Hilton, Jozsef Imrek, E S. Jimenez, Vincent Y. Kotsubo, K Larson, Zachary H. Levine, John Mates, D McArthur, Kelsey Morgan, Nathan J. Nakamura, Galen O'Neil, Nathan Ortiz, Christine G. Pappas, Carl Reintsema, Dan Schmidt, Daniel Swetz, K R. Thompson, Joel Ullom, C Walker, Joel C. Weber, Abigail Wessels, J W. Wheeler
Feature sizes in integrated circuits have decreased substantially over time, and it has become increasingly difficult to three-dimensionally image these complex circuits after fabrication. This can be important for process development, defect analysis, and

Optoelectronic Intelligence

May 7, 2021
Author(s)
Jeff Shainline
To design and construct hardware for general intelligence, we must consider principles of both neuroscience and very-large-scale integration. For large neural systems capable of general intelligence, the attributes of photonics for communication and

Compact and Tunable Forward Coupler Based on High-Impedance Superconducting Nanowires

February 25, 2021
Author(s)
Marco Colangelo, Di Zhu, Daniel F. Santavicca, Brenden Butters, Joshua Bienfang, Karl K. Berggren
Developing compact, low-dissipation, cryogenic-compatible microwave electronics is essential for scaling up low-temperature quantum computing systems. In this paper, we demonstrate an ultracompact microwave directional forward coupler based on high

Characterization of waveguide-integrated single-photon detectors using integratedphotonic structures

February 18, 2021
Author(s)
Sonia M. Buckley, Alexander N. Tait, Jeffrey T. Chiles, Adam N. McCaughan, Saeed Khan, Richard Mirin, Sae Woo Nam, Jeffrey M. Shainline
We show several techniques for using integrated-photonic waveguide structures to simultaneously characterize multiple waveguide-integrated superconducting-nanowire detectors with a single fiber input. We demonstrate structures for direct comparison of

Single-Flux-Quantum Multiplier Circuits for Synthesizing Gigahertz Waveforms With Quantum-Based Accuracy

February 3, 2021
Author(s)
Manuel C. Castellanos Beltran, David I. Olaya, Adam J. Sirois, Christine A. Donnelly, Paul Dresselhaus, Samuel Benz, Peter F. Hopkins
We designed, simulated, and experimentally demonstrated components for a microwave frequency digital-to-analog converter (DAC) based on rapid single flux quantum (RSFQ) circuits and a superconducting amplifier based on SQUID stacks. These are key

Broadband high-energy resolution hard x-ray spectroscopy using transition edge sensors at SPring-8

January 12, 2021
Author(s)
Shinya Yamada, Yuto Ichinohe, Hideyuki Tatsuno, Ryota Hayakawa, Hirotaka Suda, Takaya Ohashi, Yoshitaka Ishisaki, Tomoya Uruga, Oki Sekizawa, Kiyofumi Nitta, Yoshio Takahashi, Takaaki Itai, Hiroki Suga, Makoto Nagasawa, Masato Tanaka, Minako Kurisu, Tadashi Hashimoto, Douglas Bennett, Edward V. Denison, W.Bertrand (Randy) Doriese, Malcolm Durkin, Joseph Fowler, Galen O'Neil, Kelsey Morgan, Dan Schmidt, Daniel Swetz, Joel Ullom, Leila R. Vale, Shinji Okada, Takuma Okumura, Toshiyuki Azuma, Toru Tamagawa, Tadaaki Isobe, Satoshi Kohjiro, Hirofumi Noda, Keigo Tanaka, Akimichi Taguchi, Yuki Imai, Kosuke Sato, Tasuku Hayashi, Teruhiko Kashiwabara, Kohei Sakata
We have succeeded in operating a transition-edge sensor (TES) spectrometer and evaluating its performance at the SPring-8 synchrotron x-ray light source. The TES spectrometer consists of a 240 pixel National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) TES

Josephson Microwave Sources Applied to Quantum Information Systems

December 18, 2020
Author(s)
Adam J. Sirois, Manuel C. Castellanos Beltran, Anna E. Fox, Samuel P. Benz, Peter F. Hopkins
Quantum computers with thousands or millions of qubits will require a scalable solution for qubit control and readout electronics. Colocating these electronics at millikelvin temperatures has been proposed and demonstrated, but there exist significant

Cryogenic Calibration of a Quantum-based Radio Frequency Source

November 2, 2020
Author(s)
Alirio De Jesus Soares Boaventura, Justus Brevik, Dylan Williams, Anna Fox, Manuel Castellanos Beltran, Pete Hopkins, Paul Dresselhaus, Samuel P. Benz
We report on the calibration of quantum-based radio frequency waveforms generated by a Josephson arbitrary waveform synthesizer system. We measure these waveforms using a vector network analyzer and calibrate them at 4 K using a custom-designed cryogenic

Cryogenic Calibration of a Quantum-based Radio Frequency Source

November 2, 2020
Author(s)
Alirio De Jesus Soares Boaventura, Justus A. Brevik, Dylan Williams, Anna E. Fox, Manuel C. Castellanos Beltran, Peter F. Hopkins, Paul D. Dresselhaus, Samuel P. Benz
We report on the calibration of quantum-based radio frequency waveforms generated by a Josephson arbitrary waveform synthesizer system. We measure these waveforms using a vector network analyzer and calibrate them at 4 K using a custom-designed cryogenic

Dual Josephson impedance bridge: towards a universal bridge for impedance metrology

October 22, 2020
Author(s)
Frederic Overney, Nathan Flowers-Jacobs, Blaise Jeanneret, Alain Rufenacht, Anna Fox, Paul Dresselhaus, Samuel Benz
This paper presents a full characterization of a Dual Josephson Impedance Bridge (DJIB) at frequencies up to 80 kHz by using the DJIB to compare the best available impedance standards that are (a) directly traceable to the quantum Hall effect, (b) used as

A Cryogenic Quantum-Based RF Source

September 10, 2020
Author(s)
Justus A. Brevik, Alirio De Jesus Soares Boaventura, Manuel C. Castellanos Beltran, Christine A. Donnelly, Nathan E. Flowers-Jacobs, Anna E. Fox, Peter F. Hopkins, Paul D. Dresselhaus, Dylan Williams, Samuel P. Benz
We performed a preliminary calibrated measurement of the output power of a Josephson arbitrary waveform synthesizer up to 1 GHz. We present the results and measurement procedure for generating quantum-based signals using an array of Josephson junctions

Direct DC Voltages Comparison between two Programmable Josephson Voltage Standards at SCL

September 10, 2020
Author(s)
S. Yang, Stefan Cular, Alain Rufenacht, Charles J. Burroughs, Paul Dresselhaus, Samuel Benz, M. N. Ng
Standards and Calibration Laboratory (SCL) setup in 2018 a liquid helium based programmable Josephson voltage standard (PJVS) developed by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). The system was validated by direct comparison with a NIST

Calibration of an AC Voltage Source Using a Josephson Arbitrary Waveform Synthesizer at 4 V

August 24, 2020
Author(s)
Nathan E. Flowers-Jacobs, Alain Rufenacht, Anna E. Fox, Paul D. Dresselhaus, Samuel P. Benz
This paper describes a method for calibrating an ac source using a Josephson Arbitrary Waveform Synthesizer (JAWS) by summing the sources in series and tuning the magnitude and phase of the JAWS to null the combined output voltage. The method requires an

Zero-Compensation Josephson Arbitrary Waveform Synthesizer at 1.33 V

August 24, 2020
Author(s)
Nathan E. Flowers-Jacobs, Akim Babenko, Anna E. Fox, Justus A. Brevik, Paul D. Dresselhaus, Samuel P. Benz
This paper describes the generation of a quantum-based rms output voltage of 1.332 V using an ac-coupled Josephson Arbitrary Waveform Synthesizer (JAWS) without any low-frequency compensation current biases, that is, in a 'zero-compensation' (ZC) mode. Low

Superconducting microwire detectors with single-photon sensitivity in the near-infrared

June 16, 2020
Author(s)
Jeffrey T. Chiles, Sonia M. Buckley, Adriana E. Lita, Varun B. Verma, Jeffrey M. Shainline, Richard P. Mirin, Sae Woo Nam, Jason Allmaras, Boris Korzh, Emma Wollman, Matthew Shaw
We report on the fabrication and characterization of single-photon-sensitive WSi superconducting detectors with wire widths from 1 υm to 3 υm. The devices achieve saturated internal detection efficiency at 1.55 υm wavelength and exhibit maximum count rates

Overlap junctions for superconducting quantum electronics and amplifiers

May 25, 2020
Author(s)
Mustafa Bal, Junling Long, Ruichen Zhao, Haozhi Wang, Sungoh Park, Corey Rae H. McRae, Tongyu Zhao, Russell Lake, Daniil Frolov, Roman Pilipenko, Silvia Zorzetti, Alexander Romanenko, David P. Pappas
Due to their unique properties as lossless, nonlinear circuit elements, Josephson junctions lie at the heart of superconducting quantum information processing. Previously, we demonstrated a two-layer, submicrometer-scale overlap junction fabrication

Dual Josephson impedance bridge: towards a universal bridge for impedance metrology

May 19, 2020
Author(s)
Frederic Overney, Nathan Flowers-Jacobs, Blaise Jeanneret, Alain Rufenacht, Anna Fox, Paul Dresselhaus, Samuel Benz
This paper presents a full characterization of a Dual Josephson Impedance Bridge (DJIB) at frequencies up to 80kHz by using the DJIB to compare the best available impedance standards that are (a) directly traceable to the quantum Hall effect, (b) used as

Development and Applications of a Four-Volt Josephson Arbitrary Waveform Synthesizer

February 13, 2020
Author(s)
Nathan E. Flowers-Jacobs, Alain Rufenacht, Anna E. Fox, Steven B. Waltman, Robert E. Schwall, Justus A. Brevik, Paul D. Dresselhaus, Samuel P. Benz
We have recently created a 4 V rms cryocooled JAWS (Josephson Arbitrary Waveform Synthesizer) using 204,960 nearly identical Josephson junctions (JJs) that are embedded in coplanar-wave guides. The JJs are pulse-biased at repetition rates up to 16 × 109

Microwave Modeling and Characterization of Superconductive Circuits for Quantum Voltage Standard Applications at 4 Kelvin

February 10, 2020
Author(s)
Alirio De Jesus Soares Boaventura, Dylan F. Williams, Richard A. Chamberlin, Jerome G. Cheron, Anna E. Fox, Paul D. Dresselhaus, Peter F. Hopkins, Ian W. Haygood, Samuel P. Benz
We developed a cryogenic multiline thru-reflect-line (TRL) calibration kit for microwave characterizing of superconductive circuits used in the Josephson arbitrary waveform synthesizer of the national institute of standards and technology (NIST). We also

Synaptic weighting in single flux quantum neuromorphic computing

January 22, 2020
Author(s)
Michael L. Schneider, Christine A. Donnelly, Ian W. Haygood, Alex Wynn, Stephen E. Russek, Manuel C. Castellanos Beltran, Paul D. Dresselhaus, Peter F. Hopkins, Matthew R. Pufall, William H. Rippard
Josephson junctions act as a natural spiking neuron-like device for neuromorphic computing. By leveraging the advances recently demonstrated in digital single flux quantum (SFQ) circuits and using recently demonstrated magnetic Josephson junction (MJJ)

Fluxonic processing of photonic synapse events

January 1, 2020
Author(s)
Jeffrey M. Shainline
Much of the information processing performed by a neuron occurs in the dendritic tree. For neural systems using light for communication, it is advantageous to convert signals to the electronic domain at synaptic terminals so dendritic computation can be
Displaying 1 - 25 of 383