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Displaying 26 - 50 of 124

Deterministic Intra-Vehicle Communications: Timing and Synchronization

July 27, 2020
Author(s)
Hamid Gharavi
As we power through to the future, in-vehicle communications’ reliance on speed is becoming a challenging predicament. This is mainly due to the ever-increasing number of electronic control units (ECUs), which will continue to drain network capacity, hence

Connecting, Deploying, and Using the Smart Manufacturing Systems Test Bed

July 16, 2020
Author(s)
Moneer M. Helu, Thomas D. Hedberg Jr.
This report describes how different smart manufacturing standards and technologies, such as MTConnect, were integrated in the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Smart Manufacturing Systems (SMS) Test Bed to support the collection

Recommendations for Collecting, Curating, and Re-Using Manufacturing Data

July 16, 2020
Author(s)
Moneer M. Helu, Thomas D. Hedberg Jr.
This report provides general recommendations for collecting, curating, and re-using manufacturing data from both additive and subtractive processes. The intended audience includes researchers, technical-assessment personnel, and end-users who would like to

Big Data Analytics for Smart Factories of the Future

June 18, 2020
Author(s)
Robert Gao, Lihui Wang, Moneer M. Helu, Roberto Teti
Continued advancement of sensors has led to an ever-increasing amount of data of various physical nature to be acquired from production lines. As rich information relevant to the machines and processes are embedded within these "big data," how to

Global City Teams Challenge Smart Agriculture and Rural SuperCluster Workshop Report 2020

June 9, 2020
Author(s)
Sokwoo Rhee, Dennis Buckmaster, Jean Rice, Josh Seidemann, Mo Shakouri, Robert Tse, Hongwei Zhang
The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) established the Global City Teams Challenge (GCTC) for communities across the world to use as collaboration platform in their pursuit of deploying Internet of Things (IoT) and Cyber-Physical Systems

Foundational Cybersecurity Activities for IoT Device Manufacturers

May 29, 2020
Author(s)
Michael J. Fagan, Katerina N. Megas, Karen Scarfone, Matthew Smith
Internet of Things (IoT) devices often lack device cybersecurity capabilities their customers-- organizations and individuals--can use to help mitigate their cybersecurity risks. Manufacturers can help their customers by improving how securable the IoT

IoT Device Cybersecurity Capability Core Baseline

May 29, 2020
Author(s)
Michael J. Fagan, Katerina N. Megas, Karen Scarfone, Matthew Smith
Device cybersecurity capabilities are cybersecurity features or functions that computing devices provide through their own technical means (i.e., device hardware and software). This publication defines an Internet of Things (IoT) device cybersecurity

Scalable Data Pipeline Architecture to Support the Industrial Internet of Things

May 17, 2020
Author(s)
Moneer M. Helu, Timothy A. Sprock, Daniel Hartenstine, Rishabh Venketesh, William Sobel
Managing manufacturing data remains challenging despite the growth of the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT). While various standards and technologies enable greater access to data, scaling data processing and distribution can be difficult given the

Global City Teams Challenge Public Safety SuperCluster Progress Report 2018-2019

March 31, 2020
Author(s)
Sokwoo Rhee, Brenda Bannan, Samantha Dubrow, Michael Dunaway, Dean Skidmore, Elisa Torres
NIST co-hosted the 2018-2019 GCTC Smart and Secure Cities and Communities Challenge (SC3) program with DHS S&T and NTIA. The objective was to encourage participating teams to include cybersecurity and privacy as integral project elements alongside goals

BELLEVUE SMART – DEVELOPMENT AND INTEGRATION OF A SMART CITY PORTAL

February 3, 2020
Author(s)
Cuong T. Nguyen, Chelo Picardal, Andrew Lee, Brian Pugliese, Raja Kadiyala, Ken Thompson, Sokwoo Rhee
This paper describes efforts by the City of Bellevue, National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), CH2M, and Quantela, Inc.—the Bellevue Smart Team (Team)—to develop and pilot test technologies to leverage real-time data to enhance citizen

Towards Edge-Based Deep Learning in Industrial Internet of Things

January 1, 2020
Author(s)
Fan Liang, Wei Yu, Xing Lu, David W. Griffith, Nada T. Golmie
As a typical application of the Internet of Things (IoT), the Industrial Internet of Things (I- IoT) connects all the related IoT sensing and actuating devices ubiquitously so that the monitoring and control of numerous industrial systems can be realized

Output Power Maximization of a Microgenerator Using Machine Learning Approach

December 5, 2019
Author(s)
Kamran Sayrafian, Masoud Roudneshin, Amir G. Aghdam
Wearable medical sensors are one of the key components of remote health monitoring systems which allow patients to stay under continuous medical supervision away from the hospital environment. These sensors are typically powered by small batteries which

Human Factors in Smart Home Technologies Workshop Summary

November 5, 2019
Author(s)
Julie M. Haney, Susanne M. Furman
On September 24, 2019, the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) hosted a one- day workshop entitled “Human Factors in Smart Home Technologies.” The workshop addressed human considerations for smart home devices, including usability, user

A Simulation Platform to Study the Human Body Communication Channel

October 7, 2019
Author(s)
Kamran Sayrafian, Katjana Krhac, Gregory Noetscher, Dina Simunic
Human Body Communication (HBC) is an attractive low complexity technology with promising applications in wearable biomedical sensors. In this paper, a simple parametric model based on the finite-element method (FEM) using a full human body model is

A demonstration of Low Power Wide Area Networking for city-scale monitoring applications

September 25, 2019
Author(s)
Sebastian Barillaro, Dhananjay Anand, Avi M. Gopstein, Julian Barillaro
Networks of sensors are key components of an Internet of Things. This paper outlines a demonstration of a wireless technology called LoRa/LoRaWAN that may be used to network sensors over a range of several kilometers. LoRa is an example of a Low Power Wide

Low-Power Wide Area Networks (LPWAN) for Communications of Mobile Sensor Data

September 10, 2019
Author(s)
Sebastian Barillaro, Sokwoo Rhee, Raghu N. Kacker, Mark L. Badger, David R. Kuhn, Gustavo Escudero
There are multiple options for communication of data to and from mobile sensors. For tracking systems, Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) is often used for localization and mobile- phone technologies are used for transmission of data. Low-power wide

Towards Cross-Layer Optimization of Virtualized Radio Access Networks

August 15, 2019
Author(s)
Vladimir V. Marbukh, Kamran Sayrafian, Behnam Rouzbehani, Luis Correia
This paper proposes an approach to cross-layer optimization of virtualized Radio Access Network resources in future mobile communications. Assuming that the Virtual Network Operators (VNOs) guarantee contracted Service Level Agreements (SLAs) with the

Perceptions of Smart Home Privacy and Security Responsibility, Concerns, and Mitigations

August 11, 2019
Author(s)
Julie M. Haney, Susanne M. Furman, Mary F. Theofanos, Yasemin Acar Fahl
Smart home devices are increasingly being used by nontechnical users who have little understanding of the technology, including privacy and security implications. To better understand perceptions of smart home privacy and security, we are conducting an
Displaying 26 - 50 of 124