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Displaying 1 - 25 of 1750

Density changes in amorphous silicon induced by swift heavy ions

October 4, 2022
Sjoerd Roorda, Amelie Lacroix, Stephanie Codsi, Gabrielle Long, Fan Zhang, Steven Weigand, Christina Trautmann
Pure and gold-doped amorphous silicon membranes were irradiated with swift heavy ions (75 MeV Ag or 1.1 GeV Au ions) and studied by small angle X-ray scattering. The samples that were irradiated with 1.1 GeV Au ions produced a scattering pattern consistent

Towards the Physical Reliability of 3D-Integrated Systems: Broadband Dielectric Spectroscopic (BDS) Studies of Material Evolution and Reliability in Integrated Systems

September 30, 2022
Papa Amoah, Joseph J. Kopanski, Yaw S. Obeng, Christopher Sunday, Chukwudi Okoro, Lin You, Dmirty Veksler
In this paper, we present an overview of our current research focus in developing non-destructive metrology for monitoring reliability issues in 3D-integrated electronic systems. We introduce a suite of non-destructive metrologies that can serve as early

High-Throughput Nanopore Fabrication and Classification Using Xe-Ion Irradiation and Automated Pore-Edge Analysis

September 26, 2022
Michal Macha, Sanjin Marion, Mukesh Tripathi, Martina Lihter, Alex Smolyanitsky, Andras Kis, Aleksandra Radenovic
Large-area nanopore drilling is a major bottleneck in state-of-the-art nanoporous 2D membrane fabrication protocols. In addition, high-quality structural and statistical descriptions of as-fabricated porous membranes are key to predicting the corresponding

Liquid-Phase Speed of Sound and Vapor-Phase Density of Difluoromethane

September 23, 2022
Aaron Rowane, Elizabeth Rasmussen, Mark O. McLinden
Difluoromethane (HFC-32, DFM), with a global warming potential (GWP) of 677, is of interest as a pure refrigerant and as a component in low-GWP refrigerant mixtures. Additionally, difluoromethane has recently been identified as a safe, liquefied-gas

Structure Separation Experiments: Shed Burns without Wind

September 15, 2022
Alexander Maranghides, Shonali Nazare, Eric Link, Matthew Bundy, Matthew Hoehler, Steven Hawks, Frank Bigelow, William (Ruddy) Mell, Anthony Bova, Derek McNamara, Tom Milac, Faraz Hedayati, Daniel Gorham, Xareni Monroy, Murray Morrison, Bob Raymer, Frank Frievalt, William Walton
This report describes the experiments conducted during the first phase of a multi-phase project designed to assess structure-to-structure fire spread for structures in the Wildland-Urban Interface (WUI). The experiments focused on quantifying thermal

Why big data and compute are not necessarily the path to big materials science

August 30, 2022
Naohiro Fujinuma, Brian DeCost, Jason Hattrick-Simpers, Sam Lofland
Applied machine learning has rapidly spread throughout the physical sciences. In fact, machine learning-based data analysis and experimental decision-making have become commonplace. Here, we reflect on the ongoing shift in the conversation from proving

Effects of local processing parameters on microstructure, texture, and mechanical properties of electron beam powder bed fusion manufactured Ti-6Al-4V

August 27, 2022
Edwin Schwalbach, Jake Benzing, Vikas Sinha, Todd Butler, Adam Pilchak, Kevin Chaput, Norman Schehl, Reji John, Nik Hrabe
Electron beam powder bed fusion scan strategies for parts or part groupings of various sizes and scan line lengths have been found to inadvertently lead to significant variations in crystallographic texture and mechanical properties for Ti–6Al–4V. This

Atomically Dispersed CuNx Sites from Thermal Activation of Boron Imidazolate Cages for Electrocatalytic Methane Generation

August 12, 2022
Soumyodip Banerjee, Justin Gorham, Maxime Siegler, Natalia Drichko, Joshua Wright, Nicholas Bedford, Sara Thoi
Atomically dispersed heteroatom coordinated metal sites (ADMS) have been recognized as promising candidates for electrochemical conversion. Among a diverse range of molecular precursors for ADMS synthesis, framework materials are particularly interesting

Fracture Toughness Tests at 77 K and 4 K on 316L Stainless Steel Welded Plates

July 29, 2022
Jake Benzing, Nicholas Derimow, Enrico Lucon, Dash Weeks
In the framework of a collaborative project between ASME, NASA, and NIST, quasi-static fracture toughness tests have been performed at liquid nitrogen temperature (77 K, or -196 °C) and liquid helium temperature (4 K, or -269 °C) on weld specimens

Microstructure changes during failure of PVDF-based photovoltaic backsheets

July 21, 2022
Stephanie Moffitt, Po-Chang Pan, Lakesha Perry, Michael Kempe, Jared Tracy, Kaushik Choudhury, Xiaohong Gu
The backsheet layer of a solar module provides a safety and environmental barrier to the high voltages running through the photovoltaic (PV) cells and electrical contacts within the core of the module. However, in the past decade, backsheet cracking has

The Expanding Role of National Metrology Institutes in the Quantum Era

July 12, 2022
Alexander Tzalenchuk, Nicolas Spethmann, Tim Prior, Jay H. Hendricks, Yijie Pan, Vladimir Bubanja, Guilherme Temporao, Dai-Hyuk Yu, Damir Ilic, Barbara L. Goldstein
Now that all base units are defined in terms of fundamental constants and can thus — at least in principle — be realized anytime and anywhere, rather than through a measurement chain leading back to unique physical artefacts, who holds the traceability

Schmid Factor Crack Propagation and Tracking Crystallographic Texture Markers of Microstructural Condition in Direct Energy Deposition Additive Manufacturing of Ti-6Al-4V

July 6, 2022
Alec Saville, Jake Benzing, Sven Vogel, Jessica Buckner, Collin Donohoue, Andrew Kustas, Adam Abel Creuziger, Kester Clarke, Amy Clarke
Metallic additive manufacturing (AM) provides a customizable and tailorable manufacturing process for new engineering designs and technologies. The greatest challenge currently facing metallic AM is maintaining control of microstructural evolution during

Suppression of filament defects in embedded 3D printing

July 5, 2022
Leanne Friedrich, Ross Gunther, Jonathan Seppala
Embedded 3D printing enables the manufacture of soft, intricate structures. In the technique, a nozzle is embedded into a viscoelastic support bath and extrudes filaments or droplets. While embedded 3D printing expands the printable materials space to low

Unraveling the Stable Cathode Electrolyte Interface in all Solid-State Thin-Film Battery Operating at 5 V

July 4, 2022
Ryosuke Shimizu, Diyi Cheng, Jamie Weaver, Minghao Zhang, Bingyu Lu, Thomas Wynn, Randall Burger, Min-cheol Kim, Guomin Zhu, Ying Shirley Meng
Spinel-type LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 (LNMO) is one of the most promising 5 V-class cathode materials for Li-ion batteries that can achieve high energy density and low production costs. However, in liquid electrolyte cells, the high voltage causes continuous cell

Graph Neural Network Predictions of Metal Organic Framework CO2 Adsorption Properties

July 1, 2022
Kamal Choudhary, Taner N. Yildirim, Daniel Siderius, Aaron Gilad Kusne, Austin McDannald, Diana Ortiz-Montalvo
The increasing CO$_2$ level is a critical concern and suitable materials are needed to directly capture such gases from the environment. While experimental and conventional computational methods are useful in finding such materials, they are usually slow
Displaying 1 - 25 of 1750