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Displaying 1 - 25 of 2002

In situ Probing of Interfacial Roughness and Transient Phases During Ceramic Cold Sintering Process

October 15, 2023
Fan Zhang, Russell Maier, Igor Levin, Andrew J. Allen, Jun-Sang Park, Peter Kenesei, Ivan Kuzmenko, Jan Ilavsky, Pete Jemian
The ceramic cold sintering process (CSP) offers an eco-friendly approach to producing fully dense ceramics at low temperatures. However, an incomplete mechanistic understanding hinders its optimization and widespread adoption. In this study, we analyze the

Evaluation of 3D Curvature and Lead Stress of Transvenous Right Ventricular Leads: The Human Use Conditions Study (HUCS)

September 9, 2023
Jonathan Piccini, Tim Quinn, Lucas Koepke, James Dawson, Nicki Mara, Jason Santelli, Diane Muff, Jordan Savela, Alex Felber, Michael Friedrich, Jens Rump, Felix Tschentscher, Jake Benzing, Charles Swerdlow
Transvenous leads of cardiac implanted electronic device (CIED) systems are meant to last the life of the patient, but they are at risk for conductor fatigue fracture from applied alternating stress. This stress depends on lead design and use conditions

Quantifying Pairwise Similarity for Complex Polymers

September 6, 2023
Jiale Shi, Nathan Rebello, Dylan Walsh, Michael Deagen, Bruno Salomao Leao, Debra Audus, Bradley Olsen
Defining the similarity between chemical entities is an essential task in polymer informatics, enabling ranking, clustering, and classification. Despite its importance, pairwise chemical similarity for polymers remains an open problem. Here, a similarity

National Institute of Standards and Technology Environmental Scan 2023: Societal and Technology Landscape to Inform Science and Technology Research

August 23, 2023
Ashley Boggs-Russell, Kerrianne Buchanan, David W. Griffith, Heather Evans, Dimitrios Meritis, Lisa Ng, Anna Sberegaeva, Michelle Stephens
The 2023 National Institute of Standards and Technology Environmental Scan provides an analysis of key external factors that could impact NIST and the fulfillment of its mission in coming years. The analyses were conducted through three separate lenses

Effects of mechanical deformation on dislocation density and phase partitioning in 4130 steel

August 22, 2023
Zack Buck, Matthew Connolly, May Ling Martin, Damian Lauria, Jason Killgore, Peter Bradley, Yan Chen, Ke An, Andrew Slifka
Interrupted tensile tests were performed on an AISI 4130 pressure vessel steel and investigated by neutron diffraction and scanning microscopy techniques. Analysis of the neutron diffraction patterns reveal a partitioning of ferrite and martensite phases

Fabrication of Specimens for Atom Probe Tomography using a Combined Gallium and Neon Focused Ion Beam Milling Approach

August 16, 2023
Frances Allen, Paul Blanchard, David Pappas, Russell Lake, Deying Xia, John Notte, Ruopeng Zhang, Andrew Minor, Norman A. Sanford
We demonstrate a new focused ion beam sample preparation method for atom probe tomography. The key aspect of the new method is that we use a neon ion beam for the final tip shaping after conventional annulus milling using gallium ions. This dual-ion

Measuring the permittivity tensor of anisotropic DyScO3 to 110 GHz

August 14, 2023
Florian Bergmann, Meagan Papac, Nick Jungwirth, Bryan Bosworth, Tomasz Karpisz, Anna Osella, Lucas Enright, Eric Marksz, Angela Stelson, Chris Long, Nate Orloff
DyScO3 (DSO) is an attractive substrate on which to grow epitaxial thin films with extraordinary materials physics. However, its highly anisotropic permittivity makes some measurements exceedingly difficult: For instance, its permittivity tensor has not

14 Examples of How LLMs Can Transform Materials Science and Chemistry: A Reflection on a Large Language Model Hackathon

August 8, 2023
Kevin Maik Jablonka, Alexander Al-Feghali, Shruti Badhwar, Joshua Bocarsly, Stefan Bringuier, Kamal Choudhary, Defne Circi, Samantha Cox, Matthew Evans, Nicolas Gastellu, Jerome Genzling, Maria Victoria Gil, Ankur Gupta, Wibe de Jong, Tao Liu, Sauradeep Majumdar, Garrett Merz, Nicolas Moitessier, Lynda Brinson, Beatriz Mourino, Brenden Pelkie, Mayk Caldas Ramos, Bojana Rankovic, Jacob Sanders, Ben Blaiszik, Andrew White, Ian Foster, Ghezal Ahmad Jan Zia
Chemistry and materials science are complex. Recently, there have been great successes in addressing this complexity using data-driven or computational techniques. Yet, the necessity of input structured in very specific forms and the fact that there is an

A quantitative theoretical model of the boson peak based on stringlet excitations

July 24, 2023
Jack F. Douglas, Cunyuan Jiang, Matteo Baggioli
The boson peak (BP), a low-energy excess in the vibrational density of states over the phonon Debye contribution, is usually identified as one of the distinguishing features between ordered crystals and amorphous solid materials. Despite decades of efforts

Operando photoelectron spectromicroscopy of nanodevices: Correlating the surface chemistry and transport in SnO2 nanowire chemiresistors

June 29, 2023
Andrei Kolmakov, Trey Diulus, Kurt D. Benkstein, Stephen Semancik, Majid Kazemian, Matteo Amati, Maya Kiskinova, Luca Gregoratti
With size reduction of active elements in microelectronics to tens of nanometers and below, the effect of surface and interface properties on overall device performance becomes crucial. High resolution spectroscopic and imaging techniques provide a

Scaling the Projectile Perforation Resistance of Soft Materials

June 29, 2023
Katherine Evans, Shawn Chen, Amanda Souna, Stephan J. Stranick, Christopher Soles, Edwin P. Chan
From space dust to ballistic impact, controlling or mitigating a high velocity projectile impact event is a desirable outcome. The design and development of new and novel impact mitigating materials are greatly hindered by the use of macroscale projectile

Detailed analysis of the synthesis and structure of MAX phase (Mo0.75V0.25)5AlC4 and its MXene (Mo0.75V0.25)5C4

June 27, 2023
Rose Snyder, Mikkel Juelsholt, Curran Kalha, Jason Holm, Elisabeth Mansfield, Tien-Lin Lee, Pardeep Thakur, Aysha Riaz, Benjamin Moss, Anna Regoutz, Christina Birkel
MAX phases with the general formula Mn+1AXn are layered carbides, nitrides and carbonitrides with varying stacking sequence of layers of M6X octahedra and the A-element depending on n. While "211" MAX phases (n = 1) are very common, MAX phases with higher

Sodium Carbazolide and Derivatives as Solid-State Electrolytes for Sodium-Ion Batteries

June 26, 2023
Yang Yu, Jintao Wang, Zhaoxian Qin, Yingtong Lv, Qijun Pei, Khai C. Tan, Tengfei Zhang, Anan Wu, Hui Wu, Andrew S. Lipton, Ping Chen
Replacing widely used organic liquid electrolytes with solid-state electrolytes (SSEs) could effectively solve the safety issues in sodium-ion batteries. Efforts on seeking novel solid-state electrolytes have been continued for decades. However, issues

Assessment of a Parachor Model for the Surface Tension of Binary Mixtures

June 7, 2023
Alexandra Metallinou Log, Vladimir Diky, Marcia L. Huber
We constructed an experimental database for the surface tension of binary mixtures containing a wide variety of fluids, from the chemical classes (water, alcohols, amines, ketones, linear and branched alkanes, naphthenes, aromatics, refrigerants, and
Displaying 1 - 25 of 2002