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Search Publications

NIST Authors in Bold

Displaying 1 - 25 of 428

Liver proteome response to torpor in a basoendothermic mammal, Tenrec ecaudatus, provides insights into the evolution of homeothermy

October 6, 2021
Author(s)
Jane Khudyakov, Michael Treat, Mikayla Shanafelt, Jared Deyarmin, Ben Neely, Frank van Breukelen
Many mammals use adaptive heterothermy (e.g., torpor, hibernation) to reduce metabolic demands of maintaining high body temperature (Tb). Torpor is typically characterized by coordinated declines in Tb and metabolic rate (MR) followed by active rewarming

Critical Capability Needs for Reduction of Transmission of SARS-CoV-2 Indoors

September 30, 2021
Author(s)
Jayne B. Morrow, Aaron Packman, Kenneth F. Martinez, Kevin V. Wymelenberg, Darla Geores, Delphine K. Farmer, Jade Mitchell, Lisa Ng, Yair Hazi, Monica Schoch-Spana, Sandra Quinn, Bill Bahnfleft, Paula Olsiewski
Coordination of efforts to assess the challenges and pain points felt by industries from around the globe working to reduce COVID-19 transmission in the indoor environment as well as innovative solutions applied to meet these challenges is mandatory

Building for Environmental and Economic Sustainability (BEES) Online 2.1 Technical Manual

September 20, 2021
Author(s)
Joshua D. Kneifel, Anne Landfield Greig, Priya Lavappa, Brian Polidoro
Building stakeholders need practical metrics, data, and tools to support decisions related to sustainable building product selection. The Engineering Laboratory of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has addressed this national need

Data-Based Models for Hurricane Evolution Prediction: A Deep Learning Approach

September 8, 2021
Author(s)
Rikhi Bose, Adam L. Pintar, Emil Simiu
Fast and accurate prediction of hurricane evolution from genesis onwards is needed to reduce loss of life and enhance community resilience. In this work, a novel model development methodology for predicting storm trajectory is proposed based on two classes

Quantifying Machining Process Inventories In Detailed Design

August 24, 2021
Author(s)
William Z. Bernstein, Till Boettjer, Deverajan Ramanujan
This paper quantifies machining process inventories based on commonly used techniques in various stages of the detailed design process. We investigate variabilities in process inventories between these techniques and their relation to manufacturing process

Crystal Structure, Sorption Property and Electronic Structure of the Flexible MOF, (Ni-4,4'azopyridine)[Ni(CN)4]

August 16, 2021
Author(s)
Winnie Wong-Ng, Gregory T. McCandless, Jeffrey T. Culp, Matthew Lawson, Yu-Sheng Chen, Daniel Siderius, Lan Li
The flexible metal organic framework (MOF) compound, Ni(L)[Ni(CN)4], (L = 4,4'azopyridine (C10N4H8), nicknamed AzoPyr) is a 3D porous material that adopts the Hofmann-type structure. This paper reports our synthesis of Ni-AzoPyr and its structural, bonding

MS_Piano: A Software Tool for Annotating Peaks in CID Tandem Mass Spectra of Peptides and N-Glycopeptides

July 15, 2021
Author(s)
Xiaoyu Yang, Pedatsur Neta, Yuri Mirokhin, Dmitrii Tchekhovskoi, Concepcion Remoroza, Meghan Burke, Yuxue Liang, Sanford Markey, Stephen Stein
Annotating product ion peaks in tandem mass spectra is essential for evaluating spectral quality and validating peptide identification. This task is more complex for glycopeptides and is crucial for the confident determination of glycosylation sites in

Environmental Protection Agency Blind Audit 2018

May 17, 2021
Author(s)
Christina Cecelski, Cassie Goodman, Jennifer Carney
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) conducted a blind audit of EPA protocol calibration gas mixtures produced by specialty gas manufactures. The objective was to determine the amount-of-substance fraction (concentration) of the analytes in the

Environmental Source Tracking of Per- and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances within a Forensic Context: Current and Future Techniques

May 13, 2021
Author(s)
Alix E. Robel, Joseph A. Charbonnet, Jennifer L. Guelfo, Jennifer A. Field, Gerrad D. Jones, Christopher P. Higgins, Damian E. Helbling, Erika F. Houtz
The source tracking of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) is a new and increasingly important field within environmental forensics. We define PFAS source tracking as the accurate characterization and differentiation of multiple sources

Facile fabrication and characterization of kraft lignin@Fe3O4 nanocomposites using pH driven precipitation: effects on increasing lignin content

April 1, 2021
Author(s)
Frankie A. Petrie, Justin Gorham, Robert T. Busch, Serhiy O. Leontsev, Esteban E. Urena-Benavides, Erick S. Vasquez
Kraft lignin@Fe3O4 multicore nanocomposites fabrication proceeded using a simple pH-driven precipitation technique. An alkaline solution for kraft lignin (pH 12) was rapidly injected into an aqueous-based magnetite (Fe3O4) nanoparticle colloidal suspension

Synthesis, Structural and Sorption Characterization of a Hofmann Compound, Ni(3-Methy-4,4'-bipyridine)[Ni(CN)4]

March 6, 2021
Author(s)
Winnie Wong-Ng, Jeffrey T. Culp, Daniel Siderius, Yu-Sheng Chen, S. Y. G. Wang, Andrew J. Allen, Eric J. Cockayne
Crystal structure of the guest-free Ni(CN)4-based metal organic framework Ni(3-Methy-4,4'-bipyridine)[Ni(CN)4] (nicknamed Ni-BpyMe(A)), was determined to be orthorhombic, Pmma, a= 12.6025(4) Å, b=7.3324(3) Å, c=11.3095(4) Å, V=1045.07 (2) Å3 and Z=2

National Institute of Standards and Technology Environmental Scan 2020

February 9, 2021
Author(s)
Heather Evans, Kristen K. Greene, William M. Healy, Elizabeth Hoffman, Kate Rimmer, Anna V. Sberegaeva, Neil M. Zimmerman
The 2020 National Institute of Standards and Technology Environmental Scan provides an analysis of key external factors that could impact NIST and the fulfillment of its mission in coming years. The analyses were conducted through four separate lenses

Study of the Reactions of OH with HCl, HBr, and HI between 298 K and 460 K.

November 25, 2020
Author(s)
Vladimir L. Orkin, Victor Khamaganov, Igor Larin
The reactions between OH radicals and hydrogen halides (HCl, HBr, HI) have been studied between 298 K to 460 K by using a discharge flow – electron paramagnetic resonance technique. The rate constants at room temperature were found to be kHCl(298 K) = (7.9

Characterization of Long-Term Sub-Hourly Thermal Comfort Performance Data

November 1, 2020
Author(s)
Hyojin Kim, Lisa Ng, Brian P. Dougherty, William V. Payne
Current thermal comfort standards do not provide guidelines on how to graphically characterize and benchmark long-term, sub-hourly, thermal comfort. In an effort to address this void, several statistical characterizations and advanced visualization methods

TRACE ELEMENT CONCENTRATIONS IN BLOOD AND SCUTE TISSUES FROM WILD AND CAPTIVE HAWAIIAN GREEN SEA TURTLES (CHELONIA MYDAS)

October 16, 2020
Author(s)
Katherine Shaw, Jennifer Lynch, George H. Balazs, T. T. Jones, Jeff Pawloski, Marc Rice, Amanda French, Jing Liu, David Klein
Hawaiian green sea turtles (Chelonia mydas) are exposed to trace elements through water, sediment, and food. High concentrations of elements have been shown to decrease immune function, impair growth, and decrease reproduction in wildlife. This study

Optical and Mechanical Design of a Telescope for Lunar Spectral Irradiance Measurements from a High-Altitude Aircraft

September 8, 2020
Author(s)
Clarence Zarobila, Steven Grantham, Steven W. Brown, John T. Woodward IV, Stephen Maxwell, Dana R. Defibaugh, Thomas C. Larason, Kevin Turpie
We have designed a non-imaging telescope for measurement of the spectral irradiance of the moon. The telescope was integrated into a wing pod of a NASA ER-2 research aircraft to measure lunar spectral irradiance during flight. The telescope and support

Niche partitioning of microbial communities at an ancient vitrified hillfort: implications for vitrified radioactive waste disposal

August 31, 2020
Author(s)
Jamie L. Weaver, Andrew Plymale, Jacqueline Wells, Carolyn I. Pearce, Colin Brislawn, Emily Graham, Tanya Cheeke, Jessica Allen, Vincent Danna, Kimberly Tyrrell, Rolf Sjoblom, Edward Vicenzi, John McCloy, Eva Hj?rthner-Holdar, Erik Ogenhall, Mia Englund, David Peeler, Albert Kruger, Rick L. Paul
A pre-Viking era vitrified hillfort, Broborg, provides a habitat analogue for disposed radioactive waste glass and shows strong niche partitioning among the organisms involved in glass alteration. Microbes cannot be eliminated from radioactive waste
Displaying 1 - 25 of 428