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Search Publications

NIST Authors in Bold

Displaying 1 - 25 of 455

Report on the DHS/NIST Workshop on Standards for an Enduring Capability in Wastewater Surveillance for Public Health (SWWS Workshop)

August 16, 2022
Author(s)
Nancy Lin, Stephanie Servetas, Scott Jackson, Katrice Lippa, Kirsten Parratt, Philip Mattson, Clare Beahn, Mia Mattioli, Sally Gutierrez, Michael Focazio, Ted Smith, Paul Storella, Sarah Wright
Wastewater surveillance is a promising approach to monitor biological and chemical contaminants on a community level in support of public health and safety decisions. Wastewater surveillance has recently been shown highly effective for the early detection

Towards a North Pacific Ocean long-term monitoring program for plastic pollution: A review and recommendations for plastic ingestion bioindicators

August 6, 2022
Author(s)
Matthew Savoca, Susanne Kuhn, Chengjun Sun, Stephanie Avery-Gomm, Anela Choy, Sarah Dudas, Sanghee Hong, David Hyrenbach, Tsung-Hsien Li, Connie Ka-yan Ng, Jennifer Provencher, Jennifer Lynch
Marine debris is now a ubiquitous component of the Anthropocene global ocean. Plastic ingestion by marine wildlife was first reported in the 1960s and since that time, roughly one thousand marine species have been reported to consume this debris. This

IG3IS Urban Greenhouse Gas Emission Observation and Monitoring Best Research Practices

August 1, 2022
Author(s)
Jocelyn Turnbull, Philip DeCola, Kimberly Mueller, Felix Vogel, Anna Karion, Israel Lopez Coto, James Whetstone
The Integrated Global Greenhouse Gas Information System (IG3IS) aims to coordinate an integrated global greenhouse gas information system, linking inventory and process model-based information with atmospheric observations and atmospheric modelling, to

Fracture Toughness Tests at 77 K and 4 K on 316L Stainless Steel Welded Plates

July 29, 2022
Author(s)
Jake Benzing, Nicholas Derimow, Enrico Lucon, Dash Weeks
In the framework of a collaborative project between ASME, NASA, and NIST, quasi-static fracture toughness tests have been performed at liquid nitrogen temperature (77 K, or -196 °C) and liquid helium temperature (4 K, or -269 °C) on weld specimens

Properties of Refrigerants

June 22, 2022
Author(s)
Marcia L. Huber, Mark O. McLinden
This table gives physical properties, safe exposure limits, GWP and ODP for compounds that have been used as working fluids in traditional refrigeration systems or are under consideration as replacements in newer systems. Some are also used as solvents

Design and Demonstration of a Low Field Magnetic Resonance Imaging Rhizotron for In-Field Imaging of Energy Sorghum Roots

March 21, 2022
Author(s)
George Bagnall, Stephen Altobelli, Mark Conradi, Hilary Fabich, Eiichi Fukushima, Neha Koonjoo, Dean Kuethe, William Rooney, Karl Stupic, Bragi Sveinsson, Brock Weers, NITHYA RAJAN, Matthew Rosen, Cristine Morgan
Advances in plant root phenotyping will play a crucial role in the development of modern crop varieties for fostering sustainable agriculture. Root phenotyping provides critical information to plant breeders for developing varieties with improved drought

New International Formulation for the Thermal Conductivity of Heavy Water

March 9, 2022
Author(s)
Marcia L. Huber, Richard A. Perkins, Marc Assael, Stella Monogenidou, Robert Hellmann, Jan Sengers
The International Association for the Properties of Water and Steam (IAPWS) has adopted a new formulation for the thermodynamic properties of heavy water. This manuscript describes the development of a new correlation for the thermal conductivity of heavy

Temporal tends of persistent organic pollutants in Sarasota Bay common bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus)

February 17, 2022
Author(s)
John Kucklick, Ashley Boggs, Kevin Huncik, Amanda Moors, Elizabeth Davis, Gina Ylitalo, Mary McConnell, Christina Makris, Randall Wells
Legacy persistent organic pollutants (POPs) were measured in blubber samples collected from 196 common bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) during 2000 to 2016 in the Sarasota Bay, Florida, ecosystem. Legacy POPs included polychlorinated biphenyl

Silicone tube humidity generator

February 16, 2022
Author(s)
Robert F. Berg, ,
We describe the model and construction of a two-flow (or divided-flow) humidity generator, developed at LNE-CNAM, that uses mass flow controllers to mix a stream of dry gas with a stream of humid gas saturated at 28 °C. It can generate a wide range of

Disposition of Fluorine on New Firefighter Turnout Gear: Implications for Occupational Exposure

December 27, 2021
Author(s)
Derek Muensterman, Ivan Titaley, Graham Peaslee, Leah Minc, Liliana Cahuas, Alix Robel, Yuki Horiuchi, Shogo Yamane, Thierry Fouquet, John Kissel, Courtney Carignan, Jennifer Field
Firefighter turnout gear is essential for reducing occupational exposure to hazardous chemicals during training and fire events. Per-and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) are observed in firefighter serum, and possible occupational sources include the air

Circular Economy in the High-Tech World Workshop Report

December 14, 2021
Author(s)
Martin L. Green, Kelsea Schumacher
The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) held a Technical Workshop on January 27 and 28, 2021 to assess the state and challenges of a Circular Economy (CE) in the High-Tech World. Scientists, researchers, and program managers in the CE

Liver proteome response to torpor in a basoendothermic mammal, Tenrec ecaudatus, provides insights into the evolution of homeothermy

October 6, 2021
Author(s)
Jane Khudyakov, Michael Treat, Mikayla Shanafelt, Jared Deyarmin, Ben Neely, Frank van Breukelen
Many mammals use adaptive heterothermy (e.g., torpor, hibernation) to reduce metabolic demands of maintaining high body temperature (Tb). Torpor is typically characterized by coordinated declines in Tb and metabolic rate (MR) followed by active rewarming

Critical Capability Needs for Reduction of Transmission of SARS-CoV-2 Indoors

September 30, 2021
Author(s)
Jayne B. Morrow, Aaron Packman, Kenneth F. Martinez, Kevin V. Wymelenberg, Darla Geores, Delphine K. Farmer, Jade Mitchell, Lisa Ng, Yair Hazi, Monica Schoch-Spana, Sandra Quinn, Bill Bahnfleft, Paula Olsiewski
Coordination of efforts to assess the challenges and pain points felt by industries from around the globe working to reduce COVID-19 transmission in the indoor environment as well as innovative solutions applied to meet these challenges is mandatory

Building for Environmental and Economic Sustainability (BEES) Online 2.1 Technical Manual

September 20, 2021
Author(s)
Joshua D. Kneifel, Anne Landfield Greig, Priya Lavappa, Brian Polidoro
Building stakeholders need practical metrics, data, and tools to support decisions related to sustainable building product selection. The Engineering Laboratory of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has addressed this national need

Data-Based Models for Hurricane Evolution Prediction: A Deep Learning Approach

September 8, 2021
Author(s)
Rikhi Bose, Adam L. Pintar, Emil Simiu
Fast and accurate prediction of hurricane evolution from genesis onwards is needed to reduce loss of life and enhance community resilience. In this work, a novel model development methodology for predicting storm trajectory is proposed based on two classes

Naturally occurring organobromine compounds (OBCs) including polybrominated dibenzo-p-dioxins in the marine sponge Hyrtios proteus from The Bahamas

August 25, 2021
Author(s)
Qiong Wu, Natalie Eisenhardt, Stephanie Shaw, Joseph Pawlik, John Kucklick, Walter Vetter
Halogenated natural products (HNPs) were identified from organic extracts of the marine sponge Hyrtios proteus from The Bahamas (Caribbean, FAO fishing area 31) using gas chromatography with electron capture negative ion mass spectrometry (GC/ECNI-MS) and
Displaying 1 - 25 of 455