Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Search Publications

NIST Authors in Bold

Displaying 1 - 25 of 512

Mixture effects of PFAS on embryonic and larval sheepshead minnows (Cyprinodon variegatus)

May 22, 2024
Philip Tanabe, Peter Key, Katy Chung, Emily Pisarski, Jessica Reiner, Alix Rodowa, Jason Magnuson, Marie DeLorenzo
Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) are ubiquitous and persistent environmental contaminants originating from many everyday products. Perfluorooctane sulfonic acid (PFOS) and perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) are two PFAS that are commonly found at high

Spatial Variation in Mercury Accumulation in Bottlenose Dolphins (Tursiops spp.) in Southeastern U.S.A.

April 30, 2024
Mackenzie Griffen, Colleen E. Bryan Sallee, Tara Cox, Brian Balmer, Russell Day, Laura Garcia Barcia, Antoinette Gorgone, Jeremy Kiszka, Jenny Litz, Robin Perrtree, Teri Rowles, Lori Schwacke, Randall Wells, Eric Zolman
Bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops spp.) inhabit bays, sounds, and estuaries (BSEs) throughout the southeast region of the U.S.A. and are sentinel species for human and ecosystem-level health. Dolphins are vulnerable to the bioaccumulation of contaminants

Shifts in belowground processes along a temperate forest edge

April 29, 2024
Rose Abramoff, Jeffrey Warren, Jessica Harris, Sarah Ottinger, Sarah Garvey, Joy Winbourne, Andrew Reinmann, David W. Allen, Lucy Hutyra, Margaret Torn, Melanie Mayes
Forests are increasingly fragmented and as a result most forests in the United States are within 1 km of an edge. Edges change environmental conditions of the forest - especially radiation, roughness, and temperature - that can have consequences for plant

Certification of Standard Reference Material(R) 2693a Bituminous Coal (Nominal Mass Fraction 0.5 % Sulfur)

January 25, 2024
Thomas W. Vetter, Colleen E. Bryan Sallee, Brian Lang, Anthony F. Marlow, Jennifer Ness, Rick L. Paul, Adam L. Pintar, Bruce Scruggs, Nicholas Sharp, Maria Isabel Vega Martinez, John Sieber
Standard Reference Material (SRM) 2693a Bituminous Coal (Nominal Mass Fraction 0.5 % Sulfur) is intended for use in the evaluation of techniques employed in the determination of sulfur, mercury, chlorine, and ash in coal and materials of a similar matrix

The persistence of smoke VOCs indoors: partitioning, surface cleaning, and air cleaning in a smoke-contaminated house

October 13, 2023
Jienan Li, Michael F. Link, Shubhrangshu Pandit, Marc Webb, Cholaphan Deeleepojananan, Kathryn Mayer, Lauren Garofalo, Katelyn Rediger, Dustin Poppendieck, Stephen Zimmerman, Marina Vance, Vicki Grassian, Glenn Morrison, Barbara Turpin, Delphine Farmer
Wildfires are increasing in frequency, raising concerns that smoke can permeate indoor environments and expose people to chemical air contaminants. To study smoke transformations in indoor environments and evaluate mitigation strategies, we added smoke to

Mechanical Ventilation in a Residential Building Brings Outdoor NOx Indoors with Limited Implications for VOC Oxidation from NO3 Radicals

October 10, 2023
Michael F. Link, Jienan Li, Jenna Ditto, Han Huynh, Jie Yu, Stephen Zimmerman, Andrew Shore, Katelyn Rediger, Jonathan Abbatt, Lauren Garofalo, Delphine Farmer, Dustin Poppendieck
Energy-efficient residential building standards require the use of mechanical ventilation systems that replace indoor air with air from the outdoors. Transient outdoor pollution events can be transported indoors via the mechanical ventilation system, and

Large floating abandoned, lost or discarded fishing gear (ALDFG) is frequent marine pollution in the Hawaiian Islands and Palmyra Atoll

September 29, 2023
Sarah-Jeanne Royer, Raquel Corniuk, Andrew McWhirter, Harry Lynch, Kydd Pollock, Kevin O'Brien, Lauriane Escalle, Jon Lopez, Katherine Stevens, Gala Moreno, Jennifer Lynch
Abandoned, lost, or discarded fishing gear (ALDFG) is a major source of marine debris with significant ecological and economic consequences. We documented the frequency, types, sizes, and impacts of ALDFG recovered from Hawaiʻi and Palmyra Atoll in the

Federal perspective on critical research issues in nanoEHS

August 31, 2023
Janet Carter, Sri Nadadur, Rhema Bjorkland, William Boyes, Chuck Geraci, Vincent A. Hackley, John Howard, Alan Kennedy, Igor Linkov, Joanna Matheson, Holly Mortensen, Custudio Muinga, Elijah Petersen, Nora Savage, Stacey Standridge, Trey Thomas, Benjamin Trump
This article discusses critical issues and opportunities going forward in nanotechnology environmental, health, and safety (nanoEHS) research from the perspective of Federal Government agency participants in the U.S. National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI

National Institute of Standards and Technology Environmental Scan 2023: Societal and Technology Landscape to Inform Science and Technology Research

August 23, 2023
Ashley Boggs-Russell, Kerrianne Buchanan, David W. Griffith, Heather Evans, Dimitrios Meritis, Lisa Ng, Anna Sberegaeva, Michelle Stephens
The 2023 National Institute of Standards and Technology Environmental Scan provides an analysis of key external factors that could impact NIST and the fulfillment of its mission in coming years. The analyses were conducted through three separate lenses

Non-nulling Protocols for Fast, Accurate, 3-D Velocity Measurements in Stacks

July 28, 2023
Iosif Isaakovich Shinder, Aaron Johnson, James Filla, Vladimir B. Khromchenko, Michael R. Moldover, Joey Boyd, John D. Wright, John R. Stoup
We present protocols for making fast, accurate, 3-D velocity measurements in the stacks of coal-fired power plants. The measurements are traceable to internationally-recognized standards; therefore, they provide a rigorous basis for measuring and/or

Assessment of a Parachor Model for the Surface Tension of Binary Mixtures

June 7, 2023
Alexandra Metallinou Log, Vladimir Diky, Marcia L. Huber
We constructed an experimental database for the surface tension of binary mixtures containing a wide variety of fluids, from the chemical classes (water, alcohols, amines, ketones, linear and branched alkanes, naphthenes, aromatics, refrigerants, and

Berlin Statement on Legacy and Emerging Contaminants in Polar Regions

April 6, 2023
Rebecca Pugh, Ralf Ebinghaus, Elena Barbaro, Susan Bengtson Nash, Cristina de Avila, Cynthia de Wit, Valeria Dulio, Janine Felden, Antonio Franco, Juergen Gandrass, Marco Grotti, Heike Herata, Kevin Hughes, Morten Jartun, Hanna Joerss, Roland Kallenborn, Jan Koschorreck, Anette Kuster, Rainer Lohmann, Zhanyun Wang, Matthew MacLeod, Caren Rauert, Jaroslav Slobodnik, Roxana Suhring, Katrin Vorkamp, Zhiyong Xie
Polar regions should be given greater consideration with respect to chemical monitoring, chemicals risk assessment, and management, consistent with requirements of the precautionary principle. Protecting the vulnerable polar environments requires (i)

Green sea turtles (Chelonia mydas) accumulate heavy metals near a former skeet shooting range in Kailua, O'ahu, Hawai'i

March 3, 2023
Katherine Shaw, George Balazs, T. Todd Jones, Harry Lynch, Jing Liu, George Cobb, David Klein, Jennifer Lynch
This study determined if green sea turtles (Chelonia mydas) in Kailua Bay, Oahu, in the Hawaiian Islands have elevated blood and scute Pb, As, and Sb concentrations resulting from lead deposition at a historic skeet shooting range. Blood and scute samples

Characterization of Reference Materials 8690 to 8693

February 13, 2023
Jessica Reiner, Benjamin Place, N. Alan Heckert, Katherine Peter, Alix Rodowa
The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Reference Materials (RMs) 8690 Per- and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances (PFAS) in Aqueous Film-Forming Foams (AFFF) Formulation I, RM 8691 Per- and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances (PFAS) in Aqueous Film
Displaying 1 - 25 of 512