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Displaying 1 - 25 of 441

New International Formulation for the Thermal Conductivity of Heavy Water

March 9, 2022
Author(s)
Marcia L. Huber, Richard A. Perkins, Marc Assael, Stella Monogenidou, Robert Hellmann, Jan Sengers
The International Association for the Properties of Water and Steam (IAPWS) has adopted a new formulation for the thermodynamic properties of heavy water. This manuscript describes the development of a new correlation for the thermal conductivity of heavy

Silicone tube humidity generator

February 16, 2022
Author(s)
Robert F. Berg, ,
We describe the model and construction of a two-flow (or divided-flow) humidity generator, developed at LNE-CNAM, that uses mass flow controllers to mix a stream of dry gas with a stream of humid gas saturated at 28 °C. It can generate a wide range of

Disposition of Fluorine on New Firefighter Turnout Gear: Implications for Occupational Exposure

December 27, 2021
Author(s)
Derek Muensterman, Ivan Titaley, Graham Peaslee, Leah Minc, Liliana Cahuas, Alix Robel, Yuki Horiuchi, Shogo Yamane, Thierry Fouquet, John Kissel, Courtney Carignan, Jennifer Field
Firefighter turnout gear is essential for reducing occupational exposure to hazardous chemicals during training and fire events. Per-and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) are observed in firefighter serum, and possible occupational sources include the air

Circular Economy in the High-Tech World Workshop Report

December 14, 2021
Author(s)
Martin L. Green, Kelsea Schumacher
The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) held a Technical Workshop on January 27 and 28, 2021 to assess the state and challenges of a Circular Economy (CE) in the High-Tech World. Scientists, researchers, and program managers in the CE

Liver proteome response to torpor in a basoendothermic mammal, Tenrec ecaudatus, provides insights into the evolution of homeothermy

October 6, 2021
Author(s)
Jane Khudyakov, Michael Treat, Mikayla Shanafelt, Jared Deyarmin, Ben Neely, Frank van Breukelen
Many mammals use adaptive heterothermy (e.g., torpor, hibernation) to reduce metabolic demands of maintaining high body temperature (Tb). Torpor is typically characterized by coordinated declines in Tb and metabolic rate (MR) followed by active rewarming

Critical Capability Needs for Reduction of Transmission of SARS-CoV-2 Indoors

September 30, 2021
Author(s)
Jayne B. Morrow, Aaron Packman, Kenneth F. Martinez, Kevin V. Wymelenberg, Darla Geores, Delphine K. Farmer, Jade Mitchell, Lisa Ng, Yair Hazi, Monica Schoch-Spana, Sandra Quinn, Bill Bahnfleft, Paula Olsiewski
Coordination of efforts to assess the challenges and pain points felt by industries from around the globe working to reduce COVID-19 transmission in the indoor environment as well as innovative solutions applied to meet these challenges is mandatory

Building for Environmental and Economic Sustainability (BEES) Online 2.1 Technical Manual

September 20, 2021
Author(s)
Joshua D. Kneifel, Anne Landfield Greig, Priya Lavappa, Brian Polidoro
Building stakeholders need practical metrics, data, and tools to support decisions related to sustainable building product selection. The Engineering Laboratory of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has addressed this national need

Data-Based Models for Hurricane Evolution Prediction: A Deep Learning Approach

September 8, 2021
Author(s)
Rikhi Bose, Adam L. Pintar, Emil Simiu
Fast and accurate prediction of hurricane evolution from genesis onwards is needed to reduce loss of life and enhance community resilience. In this work, a novel model development methodology for predicting storm trajectory is proposed based on two classes

Quantifying Machining Process Inventories In Detailed Design

August 24, 2021
Author(s)
William Z. Bernstein, Till Boettjer, Deverajan Ramanujan
This paper quantifies machining process inventories based on commonly used techniques in various stages of the detailed design process. We investigate variabilities in process inventories between these techniques and their relation to manufacturing process

Crystal Structure, Sorption Property and Electronic Structure of the Flexible MOF, (Ni-4,4'azopyridine)[Ni(CN)4]

August 16, 2021
Author(s)
Winnie Wong-Ng, Gregory T. McCandless, Jeffrey T. Culp, Matthew Lawson, Yu-Sheng Chen, Daniel Siderius, Lan Li
The flexible metal organic framework (MOF) compound, Ni(L)[Ni(CN)4], (L = 4,4'azopyridine (C10N4H8), nicknamed AzoPyr) is a 3D porous material that adopts the Hofmann-type structure. This paper reports our synthesis of Ni-AzoPyr and its structural, bonding

MS_Piano: A Software Tool for Annotating Peaks in CID Tandem Mass Spectra of Peptides and N-Glycopeptides

July 15, 2021
Author(s)
Xiaoyu Yang, Pedatsur Neta, Yuri Mirokhin, Dmitrii Tchekhovskoi, Concepcion Remoroza, Meghan Burke, Yuxue Liang, Sanford Markey, Stephen Stein
Annotating product ion peaks in tandem mass spectra is essential for evaluating spectral quality and validating peptide identification. This task is more complex for glycopeptides and is crucial for the confident determination of glycosylation sites in

Microplastic Spectral Classification Needs an Open Source Community: Open Specy to the Rescue!

May 19, 2021
Author(s)
Win Cowger, Gray Andrew, Chelsea Rochman, Sebastian Primpke, Jennifer Lynch, Hannah Hapich, Hannah De Frond, Keenan Munno
Microplastic pollution research has suffered from inadequate data and tools for spectral (Raman and infrared) classification. Spectral matching tools often are not accurate for microplastics identification and are cost-prohibitive. Lack of accuracy stems

Environmental Protection Agency Blind Audit 2018

May 17, 2021
Author(s)
Christina Cecelski, Cassie Goodman, Jennifer Carney
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) conducted a blind audit of EPA protocol calibration gas mixtures produced by specialty gas manufactures. The objective was to determine the amount-of-substance fraction (concentration) of the analytes in the

Environmental Source Tracking of Per- and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances within a Forensic Context: Current and Future Techniques

May 13, 2021
Author(s)
Alix E. Robel, Joseph A. Charbonnet, Jennifer L. Guelfo, Jennifer A. Field, Gerrad D. Jones, Christopher P. Higgins, Damian E. Helbling, Erika F. Houtz
The source tracking of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) is a new and increasingly important field within environmental forensics. We define PFAS source tracking as the accurate characterization and differentiation of multiple sources

Facile fabrication and characterization of kraft lignin@Fe3O4 nanocomposites using pH driven precipitation: effects on increasing lignin content

April 1, 2021
Author(s)
Frankie A. Petrie, Justin Gorham, Robert T. Busch, Serhiy O. Leontsev, Esteban E. Urena-Benavides, Erick S. Vasquez
Kraft lignin@Fe3O4 multicore nanocomposites fabrication proceeded using a simple pH-driven precipitation technique. An alkaline solution for kraft lignin (pH 12) was rapidly injected into an aqueous-based magnetite (Fe3O4) nanoparticle colloidal suspension
Displaying 1 - 25 of 441