Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Search Publications

NIST Authors in Bold

Displaying 1 - 25 of 476

High-Throughput Nanopore Fabrication and Classification Using Xe-Ion Irradiation and Automated Pore-Edge Analysis

September 26, 2022
Author(s)
Michal Macha, Sanjin Marion, Mukesh Tripathi, Martina Lihter, Alex Smolyanitsky, Andras Kis, Aleksandra Radenovic
Large-area nanopore drilling is a major bottleneck in state-of-the-art nanoporous 2D membrane fabrication protocols. In addition, high-quality structural and statistical descriptions of as-fabricated porous membranes are key to predicting the corresponding

Structural and electronic properties of Cu3InSe4

September 11, 2022
Author(s)
Oluwagbemiga Ojo, Winnie Wong-Ng, Teiyan Chang, Yu-Sheng Chen, George S. Nolas
Single crystals of the previously unascertained ternary chalcogenide Cu3InSe4 were obtained by induction melting, allowing for a complete investigation of the crystal structure by employing high-resolution single-crystal synchrotron X-ray diffraction

Energy Broadening of Neutron Depth Profiles by Thin Polyamide Films

September 7, 2022
Author(s)
Jamie Weaver, Robert Gregory Downing, Anna Job, Kedar Manandhar, Ichiro Takeuchi
A protective covering is often required for neutron depth profiling (NDP) measurements of sensitive materials (e.g., Li-ion batteries). Addition of this layer can increase NDP profile energy broadening and depth assignment uncertainty. This study evaluates

Atomically Dispersed CuNx Sites from Thermal Activation of Boron Imidazolate Cages for Electrocatalytic Methane Generation

August 12, 2022
Author(s)
Soumyodip Banerjee, Justin Gorham, Maxime Siegler, Natalia Drichko, Joshua Wright, Nicholas Bedford, Sara Thoi
Atomically dispersed heteroatom coordinated metal sites (ADMS) have been recognized as promising candidates for electrochemical conversion. Among a diverse range of molecular precursors for ADMS synthesis, framework materials are particularly interesting

Equations of State for n-Hexadecane and n-Docosane

August 5, 2022
Author(s)
Raffaela Romeo, Eric W. Lemmon
Equations of state for n-hexadecane (C16H34) and n-docosane (C22H46) have been developed as functions of the Helmholtz energy with independent variables of temperature and density. The equations were developed based on experimental values of density, speed

Microstructure changes during failure of PVDF-based photovoltaic backsheets

July 21, 2022
Author(s)
Stephanie Moffitt, Po-Chang Pan, Lakesha Perry, Michael Kempe, Jared Tracy, Kaushik Choudhury, Xiaohong Gu
The backsheet layer of a solar module provides a safety and environmental barrier to the high voltages running through the photovoltaic (PV) cells and electrical contacts within the core of the module. However, in the past decade, backsheet cracking has

Unraveling the Stable Cathode Electrolyte Interface in all Solid-State Thin-Film Battery Operating at 5 V

July 4, 2022
Author(s)
Ryosuke Shimizu, Diyi Cheng, Jamie Weaver, Minghao Zhang, Bingyu Lu, Thomas Wynn, Randall Burger, Min-cheol Kim, Guomin Zhu, Ying Shirley Meng
Spinel-type LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 (LNMO) is one of the most promising 5 V-class cathode materials for Li-ion batteries that can achieve high energy density and low production costs. However, in liquid electrolyte cells, the high voltage causes continuous cell

Thermal and mechanical properties of clathrate-II Na24Si136

June 30, 2022
Author(s)
Matthew Beekman, Antti Karttunen, Winnie Wong-Ng, Mingjian Zhang, Yu-Sheng Chen, Christian Posadas, Andrew Jarymowycz, Ethan Cruise, Wanyue Peng, Alexandra Zevalkink, James A. Kaduk, George S. Nolas
Thermal expansion, lattice dynamics, heat capacity, compressibility, and pressure stability of the intermetallic clathrate Na24Si136 have been investigated by a combination of first principles calculations and experiment. Direct comparison of the

Powder X-ray structural analysis and band gap measurements for (CaxSr2-x)MnWO6 (x = 0.25, 0.5, 0.75, 1.5, 1.75).

June 1, 2022
Author(s)
Winnie Wong-Ng, YuQi Yang, Yu-Cheng Lan, GuangYao Liu, Amrit Kafle, Weifang Liu, Jie Hou, Donald Windover, Qingzhen Huang, Sergiy Krylyuk, James A. Kaduk
The structure, powder diffraction patterns and band gap measurements of a series of manganese- and tungsten-containing alkaline-earth double perovskites (CaxSr2-x)MnWO6 (x=0.25, 0.5, 0.75, 1.5, 1.75) have been investigated. Powder X-ray diffraction

New International Formulation for the Thermal Conductivity of Heavy Water

March 9, 2022
Author(s)
Marcia L. Huber, Richard A. Perkins, Marc Assael, Stella Monogenidou, Robert Hellmann, Jan Sengers
The International Association for the Properties of Water and Steam (IAPWS) has adopted a new formulation for the thermodynamic properties of heavy water. This manuscript describes the development of a new correlation for the thermal conductivity of heavy

Color-Temperature Dependence of Indoor Organic Photovoltaic Performance

March 5, 2022
Author(s)
Boya Zhang, Justin Bonner, Lakshmi Murthy, Thien Nguyen, Fong-Yi Cao, Yen-Ju Cheng, Behrang Hamadani, Julia Hsu
Organic materials are uniquely suited for indoor light energy harvesting because they absorb mostly in the visible spectrum and the absence of ultraviolet light minimizes their degradation. However, the performance of photovoltaic devices under indoor

Crystal structure and thermochromic behavior of the quasi-0D lead-free organic-inorganic hybrid compounds (C7H9NF)8M4I16 (M = Bi, Sb)

December 31, 2021
Author(s)
Winnie Wong-Ng, Xiochen Zhao, Yikai Fu, Yunlin Lei, Chao Wang, Wei Zhou, Shouyu Wang, Weifang Liu
Quasi 0-D lead-Free thermochromic organic-inorganic hybrid single crystals (C7H9NF)8M4I16 (M = Bi, Sb) were synthesized by a conventional solvothermal reaction method. The crystal structures were analyzed using single crystal X-ray diffraction (SXRD)

Nu Tools: Exploring Practical Roles for Neutrinos in Nuclear Energy and Security

December 21, 2021
Author(s)
Hans Pieter Mumm, Tomi Akindele, Nathaniel Bowden, Rachel Carr, Andrew Conant, Milind Diwan, Anna Erickson, Michael Foxe, Bethany Goldblum, Patrick Huber, Igor Jovanovic, Jonathan Link, Bryce Littlejohn, Jason Newby
For decades, physicists have used neutrinos from nuclear reactors to advance basic science. These pursuits have inspired many ideas for application of neutrino detectors in nuclear energy and security. While developments in neutrino detectors are now
Displaying 1 - 25 of 476