Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Search Publications

NIST Authors in Bold

Displaying 1 - 25 of 458

New International Formulation for the Thermal Conductivity of Heavy Water

March 9, 2022
Marcia L. Huber, Richard A. Perkins, Marc Assael, Stella Monogenidou, Robert Hellmann, Jan Sengers
The International Association for the Properties of Water and Steam (IAPWS) has adopted a new formulation for the thermodynamic properties of heavy water. This manuscript describes the development of a new correlation for the thermal conductivity of heavy

Color-Temperature Dependence of Indoor Organic Photovoltaic Performance

March 5, 2022
Boya Zhang, Justin Bonner, Lakshmi Murthy, Thien Nguyen, Fong-Yi Cao, Yen-Ju Cheng, Behrang Hamadani, Julia Hsu
Organic materials are uniquely suited for indoor light energy harvesting because they absorb mostly in the visible spectrum and the absence of ultraviolet light minimizes their degradation. However, the performance of photovoltaic devices under indoor

Nu Tools: Exploring Practical Roles for Neutrinos in Nuclear Energy and Security

December 21, 2021
Hans Pieter Mumm, Tomi Akindele, Nathaniel Bowden, Rachel Carr, Andrew Conant, Milind Diwan, Anna Erickson, Michael Foxe, Bethany Goldblum, Patrick Huber, Igor Jovanovic, Jonathan Link, Bryce Littlejohn, Jason Newby
For decades, physicists have used neutrinos from nuclear reactors to advance basic science. These pursuits have inspired many ideas for application of neutrino detectors in nuclear energy and security. While developments in neutrino detectors are now

Report on High Energy Arc Fault Experiments: Experimental Results from Medium Voltage Electrical Enclosures

November 29, 2021
Gabriel Taylor, Anthony D. Putorti Jr., Scott Bareham, Edward Hnetkovsky, Kenneth Hamburger, Nicholas Melly, Mark Henry Salley, Christopher U. Brown, Wai Cheong Tam, Eric Link, Michael Selepak, Philip Deardorff, Kenneth Miller, Paul Clem, Byron Demosthenous, Austin Glover, Chris LaFleur, Raymond Martinez, Anthony Tanbakuchi
This report documents an experimental program designed to investigate High Energy Arcing Fault (HEAF) phenomena for medium voltage electrical switchgear containing aluminum conductors. This report covers full-scale laboratory experiments using

Security for IEEE P1451.0-Based IoT Sensor Networks

November 13, 2021
Eugene Song, Kang B. Lee, Ke Zhou, Jun Wu
The challenges of the Internet of Things (IoT) sensor networks include connectivity, interoperability, security, and privacy. The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) P1451.0 standard is being revised based on these challenges and

Spatially Resolved Potential and Li-Ion Distributions Reveal Performance-Limiting Regions in Solid-State Batteries

October 19, 2021
Elliot Fuller, Evgheni Strelcov, Jamie Weaver, Michael Swift, Joshua Sugar, Andrei Kolmakov, Nikolai Zhitenev, Jabez J. McClelland, Yue Qi, Joseph Dura, Alec Talin
The performance of solid-state electrochemical systems is intimately tied to the potential and lithium distributions across electrolyte–electrode junctions that give rise to interface impedance. Here, we combine two operando methods, Kelvin probe force

Metal-Insulator transition in Doped Barium Plumbate

September 16, 2021
Andreza M. Eufrasio, Ian L. Pegg, Nikolaus Deems, Biprodas Dutta, Winnie Wong-Ng, Qingzhen Huang
Solid solutions in the Ba(Pb1−xSrx)O3−z system were prepared by aliovalent substitution of Pb4+ by Sr2+ ions to investigate the effect of cation stoichiometry on thermal and electrical properties as x was varied between 0 and 0.4, in the temperature range

Reference Correlation for the Thermal Conductivity of Ethane-1,2-diol (Ethylene Glycol) from the Triple Point to 475 K and Pressures up to 100 MPa

September 14, 2021
Marko Mebelli, Danai Velliadou, Marc Assael, Konstantinos D. Antoniadis, Marcia L. Huber
We present a new wide-ranging correlation for the thermal of ethane-1,2-diol (ethylene glycol) based on critically evaluated experimental data. The correlation is designed to be used with an existing equation of state, and it is valid from the triple point

High Aspect Ratio Ag Nanowire Mat Electrodes for Electrochemical CO production from CO2

September 13, 2021
David Raciti, Trevor Braun, Brian M. Tackett, Heng Xu, Mutya Cruz, Benjamin Wiley, Thomas P. Moffat
An interconnected network of high-aspect ratio Ag nanowires was pressed against porous gas diffusion layers (both conductive or non-conductive) to use as a gas diffusion electrode (GDE) for the electrochemical reduction of CO2 to CO. Varying the amount of

Data-Based Models for Hurricane Evolution Prediction: A Deep Learning Approach

September 8, 2021
Rikhi Bose, Adam L. Pintar, Emil Simiu
Fast and accurate prediction of hurricane evolution from genesis onwards is needed to reduce loss of life and enhance community resilience. In this work, a novel model development methodology for predicting storm trajectory is proposed based on two classes

Quantifying Machining Process Inventories In Detailed Design

August 24, 2021
William Z. Bernstein, Till Boettjer, Deverajan Ramanujan
This paper quantifies machining process inventories based on commonly used techniques in various stages of the detailed design process. We investigate variabilities in process inventories between these techniques and their relation to manufacturing process

First principles study of the quasi one-dimensional organic-inorganic hybrid perovskites (MV)AI3Cl2 (A = Bi, Sb) as promising candidates for ferroelectric photovoltaic and high-density memory applications

August 20, 2021
Chao Wang, Yunlin Lei, Winnie Wong-Ng, Xingxing Wu, Qiang Gu, Wei Zhou, Shouyu Wang, Weifang Liu
Many ferroelectric (FE) organic-inorganic hybrid perovskites (OIHPs) show great promise in the fields of photovoltaic cells and information memory devices. We systematically investigated the FE, optical, and electric properties of quasi-one-dimensional
Displaying 1 - 25 of 458