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NIST Authors in Bold

Displaying 1 - 25 of 525

Report on High Energy Arcing Fault Experiments: Experimental Results from Medium-Voltage Bus Duct and Switchgear Enclosures

September 15, 2023
Gabriel Taylor, Anthony D. Putorti Jr., Scott Bareham, Christopher U. Brown, Wai Cheong Tam, Ryan Falkenstein-Smith, Stephen Fink, Michael Heck, Edward Hnetkovsky, Nicholas Melly, Kenneth Hamburger, Kenneth Miller
This report documents an experimental program designed to investigate high energy arcing fault (HEAF) phenomena for medium-voltage, metal-enclosed bus ducts and switchgear. This report covers full-scale laboratory experiments using representative nuclear

National Institute of Standards and Technology Environmental Scan 2023: Societal and Technology Landscape to Inform Science and Technology Research

August 23, 2023
Ashley Boggs-Russell, Kerrianne Buchanan, David W. Griffith, Heather Evans, Dimitrios Meritis, Lisa Ng, Anna Sberegaeva, Michelle Stephens
The 2023 National Institute of Standards and Technology Environmental Scan provides an analysis of key external factors that could impact NIST and the fulfillment of its mission in coming years. The analyses were conducted through three separate lenses

An Evolving Regulatory Landscape for Commercial Electric Vehicle Fueling

August 22, 2023
Tina G. Butcher, Michael Nelson
Plug-in electric vehicles (PEV), which include "all-electric" battery EV (BEV) and plug-in hybrid EV (PHEV), comprise a rapidly growing proportion of the U.S. automobile market – nearly 8% of all light-duty vehicles sold in Oct. 2022, a 41.4% rise over

Imaging local luminescence variations in CdSe0.1Te0.9 thin films grown by the colossal grain growth process.

August 4, 2023
Ganga Neupane, Andrew Winchester, Nicolas Marquez Peraca, David Albin, Joel Duenow, Matthew Reese, Sujitra Pookpanratana, Susanna Thon, Behrang Hamadani
Clear visualization and understanding of luminescence properties of grain interiors and grain boundaries in polycrystalline thin-film photovoltaic materials are crucial to achieving high-performance solar cells. Luminescence-based measurements, for example

Artificial Intelligence-Assisted Edge Computing for Wide Area Monitoring

July 7, 2023
Bin Hu, Hamid Gharavi
The massive digital information generated in conjunction with the ever-increasing phasor measurement data in the power grid has led to a tremendous constraint on the analysis and timely processing of real-time data. Under these conditions, leveraging

What limits the voltage of GaAs photovoltaic devices under low indoor light?

June 19, 2023
Behrang Hamadani, Margaret Stevens, Matthew Lumb, Kenneth Schmieder
The external radiative efficiency of a photovoltaic device is a useful metric to compare different photovoltaic technologies and material systems. However, under low-intensity indoor lighting, a particular open-circuit voltage dependence arises that cannot

Assessment of a Parachor Model for the Surface Tension of Binary Mixtures

June 7, 2023
Alexandra Metallinou Log, Vladimir Diky, Marcia L. Huber
We constructed an experimental database for the surface tension of binary mixtures containing a wide variety of fluids, from the chemical classes (water, alcohols, amines, ketones, linear and branched alkanes, naphthenes, aromatics, refrigerants, and

Quantifying Reactor Power Noise - A Case Study on NIST Research Reactor

May 26, 2023
Anil Gurgen, Dagistan Sahin, James R. Whipple
Water cooled reactors experience reactivity changes when voids are present in the coolant. The fraction of coolant in the core diminutions in the event of boiling, and the reactivity feedback can either be positive due to reducing neutron absorption in the

High-throughput printing of combinatorial materials from aerosols

May 10, 2023
Minxiang Zeng, Yipu Du, Nicholas Kempf, Miles Bimrose, Jiahao Chen, Dylan Kirsch, Joshua B. Martin, Bowen Zhang, Tatsunori Hayashi, Mortaza Saeidi-Javash, Hirotaka Sakaue, Babak Anasori, Michael McMurtrey, Yanliang Zhang
The development of new materials and their compositional and microstructural optimization are essential in regard to next-generation technologies such as clean energy and environmental sustainability. However, materials discovery and optimization have been

Phosphate-Functionalized MOF-808 for High Performance Li-S Batteries

May 8, 2023
Bingqian Liu, Avery Baumann, Megan Butala, V. Sara Thoi
Lithium–sulfur batteries are promising candidates for next-generation energy storage devices due to their outstanding theoretical energy density. However, they suffer from low sulfur utilization and poor cyclability, greatly limiting their practical

The optical and magnetic properties of Ru-doped hybrid improper perovskite Ca3Mn2O7 via experimental and first-principles calculations

April 7, 2023
Kejia Yuan, Hanwen Zhang, Tianqi Xiao, Zhiyan Li, Winnie Wong-Ng, Wei Zhou, Chao Wang, Shouyu Wang, Weifang Liu
The quasi-2D Ruddlesden-Popper layered perovskites with single-phase multiferroicity have attracted much attention in recent magnetoelectric memory applications. We have systematically investigated the optical and magnetic properties of Ru-doped hybrid

Considering Interoperability for Electric Vehicle Charging: A Commission Case Study

March 13, 2023
Cuong Nguyen, Avi Gopstein, Danielle Sass Byrnett, Kerry Worthington, Christopher Villarreal
As adoption of electric vehicles (EVs) increases across the United States and charging equipment to power vehicles is installed, the electricity system, states, utilities, EV manufacturers, EV supply equipment (EVSE) manufacturers, and stakeholders are

Structural and thermal properties of Eu2Ga11Sn35

March 3, 2023
Wilarachchige Gunatilleke, Mingjian Zhang, Winnie Wong-Ng, Peter Zavalij, George S. Nolas
Clathrates have been reported in a variety of different structure types, however, inorganic clathrate-I materials with a low-cation concentration have yet to be investigated while tin-based compositions have been much less investigated as compared to

Dynamic structural and microstructural responses of a metal organic framework type material to carbon dioxide under dual gas flow and supercritical conditions

February 1, 2023
Andrew J. Allen, Eric J. Cockayne, Winnie Wong-Ng, Jeffrey Culp, Ivan Kuzmenko
The structural and microstructural responses of a model metal-organic framework (MOF) material, Ni(3-Methy-4,4'-bipyridine)[Ni(CN)4] (Ni-BpyMe or PICNIC 21), to CO2 adsorption and desorption are reported for in situ small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) and

Entering New Era of Thermoelectric Oxide Ceramics with High Power Factor through Designing Grain Boundaries

January 12, 2023
Cesar-Octavio Romo-De-La-Cruz, Yun Chen, Liang Liang, Sergio Paredes-Navia, Winnie Wong-Ng, Mark Williams, Xueyan Song
Thermoelectric (TE) oxide ceramics could play a significant role in waste heat recovery using TE generators, accelerating clean energy generation and achieving net-zero emissions. In 2003, the TE performance of single-crystal Ca3Co4O9+δ was evaluated with

Validation of and Optimization with a Vapor Compression Cycle Model Accounting for Refrigerant Thermodynamic and Transport Properties: With Focus on Low GWP Refrigerants for Air-Conditioning

November 26, 2022
Harrison M. Skye, Piotr A. Domanski, Riccardo Brignoli, SANGHUN LEE, Heunghee Bae
CYCLE_D-HX is a semi-theoretical model that simulates the performance of a vapor-compression cycle with forced-convection heat exchangers for specified temperature profiles of the heat source and heat sink. In this study, we validated CYCLE_D-HX using
Displaying 1 - 25 of 525