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Displaying 101 - 125 of 54765

Users Are Not Stupid: Eight Cybersecurity Pitfalls Overturned

June 7, 2022
Author(s)
Julie Haney
Whether you're implementing security policy or developing products, considering the human element is critical. Yet security professionals often fall victim to misconceptions and pitfalls that undermine users' ability to reach their full security potential

Certification of Standard Reference Material(R) 114r Portland Cement Fineness

June 6, 2022
Author(s)
Eduarda Votri, Blaza Toman, Paul E. Stutzman
The SRM 114 series for portland cement fineness has been provided by NIST since 1934 for use in calibrating instruments for measuring fineness characteristics of portland cement and other powdered construction materials. SRM 114r is the latest of this

High Energy X-Ray Diffraction and Small-Angle Scattering Measurements of Hydrogen Fatigue Damage in AISI 4130 Steel

June 4, 2022
Author(s)
Matthew Connolly, May Martin, Peter Bradley, Damian Lauria, Andrew Slifka, Jun-Sang Park, Robert Amaro, Jonathan Almer
Accurate lifetime predictions are critical for repurposing existing pipelines for hydrogen transmission as well as for developing novel steels which are minimally susceptible to lifetime degradation by hydrogen. Ultimately, lifetime prediction models

A New Spin on Kibble: A Self Calibrating Torque Realization Device at NIST

June 3, 2022
Author(s)
Zane Comden, Stephan Schlamminger, Charles Waduwarage Perera, Frank Seifert, David B. Newell, Jay H. Hendricks, Barbara L. Goldstein, Leon Chao
After the 2019 redefinition of the International System of Units (SI), torque no longer needs to be traceable to a calibrated weight suspended from a known lever arm. Specifically, a modification of the Kibble principle used for realizing the kilogram

Assessment of intra-build variations in tensile strength in electron beam powder-bed fusion Ti-6Al-4V part 1: Effects of build height

June 2, 2022
Author(s)
Nicholas Derimow, Alejandro Romero, Aldo Rubio, Cesar Terrazas, Newell Moser, Orion Kafka, Jake Benzing, Francisco Medina, Ryan Wicker, Nik Hrabe
In this work, rectangular blocks of electron beam powder-bed fusion (PBF-EB) additively manufactured (AM) Ti-6Al-4V were built, such that a total of 68 mini-tensile test coupons could be extracted for mechanical testing over a range of build height and

Emerging technologies in the field of thermometry

June 2, 2022
Author(s)
Zeeshan Ahmed, Graham Machin, Sergey Dedyulin
The past decade saw the emergence of new temperature sensors that have the potential to disrupt a century-old measurement infrastructure based on resistance thermometry. In this review we present an overview of emerging technologies that are either in the

Measurement-induced quantum phases realized in a trapped-ion quantum computer

June 2, 2022
Author(s)
Michael Gullans, Alexey Gorshkov, David Huse, Christopher Monroe, Crystal Noel, Pradeep Niroula, Daiwei Zhu, Andrew Risinger, Laird Egan, Debopriyo Biswas, Marko Cetina
Many-body open quantum systems balance internal dynamics against decoherence from interactions with an environment. Here, we explore this balance via random quantum circuits implemented on a trapped-ion quantum computer, where the system evolution is

Fire Resilience of a Steel-Concrete Composite Floor System: Full-Scale Experimental Evaluation for Influence of Slab Reinforcement (Test #2)

June 1, 2022
Author(s)
Lisa Choe, Matthew Hoehler, Matthew Bundy, Rodney A. Bryant, Brian Story, Anthony R. Chakalis, Artur A. Chernovsky, Selvarajah Ramesh, Xu Dai
The National Institute of Standards and Technology is currently conducting a series of large compartment fire tests to investigate the behavior and fire-induced failure mechanisms of the full-scale composite floor assemblies with the two-story steel

Reference Material 8376 Microbial Pathogen DNA Standards for Detection and Identification

June 1, 2022
Author(s)
Jason Kralj, Dieter Tourlousse, Monique Hunter, Erica Romsos, Blaza Toman, Peter Vallone, Scott Jackson
Reference Material (RM) 8376 is intended for NGS-based measurements quantitative to the chromosome. A unit of RM 8376 consists of 20 components (A-T, 19 bacteria and 1 human) each containing well-characterized DNA in 10 mmol/L Tris-HCl, 1 mmol/L EDTA pH 8

Agile Robotic Planning with Gwendolen

May 31, 2022
Author(s)
John L. Michaloski, Craig I. Schlenoff, Rafael Cardoso, Michael Fisher
The future of robotics foresees autonomous behavior that can complete tasks intelligently, with a focus on adaptability, flexibility, and versatility. In such systems, it is critical for robots to quickly and safely perform an operation. However, such

Assessment of intra-build variations in tensile strength in electron beam powder-bed fusion Ti-6Al-4V part 2: Effects of powder mixing

May 31, 2022
Author(s)
Nicholas Derimow, Jake Benzing, Orion Kafka, Newell Moser, Priya Pathare, Michael Walker, Frank DelRio, Nik Hrabe
In Part 2 of this paper series, high-throughput tensile testing and characterization of porosity, microstructure, and oxygen content was carried out on Ti-6Al-4V samples that were fabricated via electron beam powder-bed fusion (PBF-EB) to test our

Implementing NIST Infiltration Correlations

May 27, 2022
Author(s)
Jyrteanna Teo, Lisa Ng
This tutorial is a guide on how to implement the NIST infiltration correlations (Ng et al., 2021) into EnergyPlus building energy simulation software for the US Department of Energy prototype commercial buildings. The implementation can also be generalized

Blockchain for Access Control Systems

May 26, 2022
Author(s)
Vincent C. Hu
The rapid development and wide application of distributed network systems have made network security – especially access control and data privacy – ever more important. Blockchain technology offers features such as decentralization, high confidence, and

Communicating Confidence of Per- and Polyfluoroalkyl Substance (PFAS) Identification via High Resolution Mass Spectrometry

May 26, 2022
Author(s)
Joseph Charbonnet, Carrie McDonough, Feng Xiao, Trever Schwichtenberg, Dunping Cao, Sarit Kaserzon, Kevin Thomas, Pradeep Dewapriya, Benjamin Place, Emma Schymanski, Jennifer Field, Damian Helbling, Christopher Higgins
Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) are important environmental contaminants, yet relatively few analytical reference standards exist for this class. Nontarget analyses performed by means of high-resolution mass spectrometry (HRMS) are increasingly

Consumer Perspectives on Loss of Support for Smart Home Devices

May 26, 2022
Author(s)
Julie Haney, Susanne M. Furman
Unsupported smart home devices can pose serious safety and security issues for consumers. However, unpatched and vulnerable devices may remain connected because consumers may not be alerted that their devices are no longer supported or do not understand
Displaying 101 - 125 of 54765