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NIST Authors in Bold

Displaying 1 - 25 of 53301

Nanopore sensing: a physical-chemical approach

September 1, 2021
Author(s)
Joseph W. Robertson, Madhav Ghimire, Joseph Reiner
Protein nanopores have emerged as an important class of sensor, for the understanding of biophysical processes, such as molecular transport across membranes, and detection and characterization of biopolymers. We trace the development of these sensors from

'Passwords Keep Me Safe' - Understanding What Children Think about Passwords

August 11, 2021
Author(s)
Mary Theofanos, Yee-Yin Choong
Children use technology from a very young age, and often have to authenticate. The goal of this study is to explore children's practices, perceptions, and knowledge regarding passwords. Given the limited work to date and that the world's cyber posture and

Design of a 3000 pixel transition-edge sensor x-ray spectrometer for microcircuit tomography

August 1, 2021
Author(s)
Paul Szypryt, Douglas Bennett, William J. Boone, Amber L. Dagel, G Dalton, William Doriese, Malcolm Durkin, Joseph Fowler, Edward Garboczi, Jonathon D. Gard, Gene Hilton, Jozsef Imrek, E S. Jimenez, Vincent Y. Kotsubo, K Larson, Zachary H. Levine, John Mates, D McArthur, Kelsey Morgan, Nathan J. Nakamura, Galen O'Neil, Nathan Ortiz, Christine G. Pappas, Carl Reintsema, Dan Schmidt, Daniel Swetz, K R. Thompson, Joel Ullom, C Walker, Joel C. Weber, Abigail Wessels, J W. Wheeler
Feature sizes in integrated circuits have decreased substantially over time, and it has become increasingly difficult to three-dimensionally image these complex circuits after fabrication. This can be important for process development, defect analysis, and

Representing and Comparing Site-Specific Glycan Abundance Distributions of Glycoproteins

July 30, 2021
Author(s)
Concepcion Remoroza, Meghan Burke, Yi Liu, Yuri Mirokhin, Dmitrii Tchekhovskoi, Xiaoyu Yang, Stephen Stein
A method for representing and comparing distributions of N-linked glycans located at specific sites in proteins is presented. The representation takes the form of a simple mass spectrum for a given peptide sequence, with each peak corresponding to a

Impact ionization-induced bistability in CMOS transistors at cryogenic temperatures for capacitorless memory applications

July 29, 2021
Author(s)
Alexander Zaslavsky, Curt A. Richter, Pragya Shrestha, Brian Hoskins, Son Le, Advait Madhavan, Jabez J. McClelland
Cryogenic operation of complementary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS) silicon transistors is crucial for quantum information science, but it brings deviations from standard transistor operation. Here we report on sharp current jumps and stable hysteretic

Cannabis Quality Assurance Program: Exercise 1 Final Report

July 27, 2021
Author(s)
Maryam Abdur-Rahman, Melissa M. Phillips, Walter Brent Wilson
NIST launched a CannaQAP in 2020 to improve the comparability of the analytical measurements in forensic and Cannabis (hemp and marijuana) testing laboratories. CannaQAP is an interlaboratory study mechanism that is similar to a proficiency testing scheme

Communication Technology Problems and Needs of Rural First Responders

July 27, 2021
Author(s)
Kerrianne Buchanan, Yee-Yin Choong, Shanee Dawkins, Sandra Spickard Prettyman
Although new technology may benefit rural first responders to help them serve their communities, to date little is known about what communication technology problems rural first responders most need addressed and what future technology they desire. To

Current Problems, Future Needs: Voices of First Responders about Communication Technology

July 27, 2021
Author(s)
Kerrianne Buchanan, Shanee Dawkins, Yee-Yin Choong, Mary Theofanos, Kristen Greene, Susanne M. Furman, Sandra S. Prettyman
With advances in network technologies, there has been increasing interest in developing new communication technology for first responders that utilizes wireless broadband networks. In order to develop new communication technology, user requirements are

A Hybrid Wired/Wireless Deterministic Network for Smart Grid

July 26, 2021
Author(s)
Bin Hu, Hamid Gharavi
With the rapid growth of time-critical applications in smart grid, robotics, autonomous vehicles, and industrial automation, demand for high reliability, low latency and strictly bounded jitter is sharply increasing. High-precision time synchronization

Real-Time Low-Frequency Oscillations Monitoring

July 26, 2021
Author(s)
Bin Hu, Hamid Gharavi
A major concern for interconnected power grid systems is low frequency oscillation, which limits the scalability and transmission capacity of power systems. Un-damped, or poorly-damped oscillations will lead to undesirable conditions or even a catastrophic

Programmable System on Chip for controlling an atomic physics experiment

July 23, 2021
Author(s)
Ananya Sitaram, Gretchen K. Campbell, Alessandro Restelli
Most atomic physics experiments are controlled by a digital pattern generator used to synchronize all equipment by providing triggers and clocks. Recently, the availability of well-documented open-source development tools has lifted the barriers to using

Review of the Advanced Encryption Standard

July 23, 2021
Author(s)
Nicky Mouha, Morris Dworkin
The field of cryptography continues to advance at a very rapid pace, leading to new insights that may impact the security properties of cryptographic algorithms. The Crypto Publication Review Board ("the Board") has been established to identify

Validation of the network method for evaluating uncertainty and improvement of geometric error parameters of a laser tracker

July 23, 2021
Author(s)
Octavio Icasio Hernandez, Diego A. Bellelli, Luiz H. Vieira, Daniel Cano, Balasubramanian Muralikrishnan
Five national metrology institutes (NMIs) worked together to develop a standard method to evaluate a laser tracker's (LT) measurement uncertainty and LT geometrical errors, and the validation of that uncertainty and geometric errors for large scale

NVLAP Federal Warfare System(s)

July 21, 2021
Author(s)
Bradley Moore, John Matyjas, Raymond Tierney, Jesse Angle, Jeannine Abiva, Jeff Hanes, David Dobosh, John Avera
NIST Handbook 150-872 presents the technical requirements and guidance for the accreditation of laboratories under the National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program (NVLAP) Federal Warfare System(s) (FWS) program. It is intended for information and

Challenges of Accuracy in Germline Clinical Sequencing Data

July 20, 2021
Author(s)
Justin Zook, Ryan Poplin, Mark DePristo
Physicians are increasingly using clinical sequencing tests to establish diagnoses of patients who might have genetic disorders, which means that accuracy of sequencing and interpretation are important elements in ensuring the benefits of genetic testing

Managing the Security of Information Exchanges

July 20, 2021
Author(s)
Kelley L. Dempsey, Victoria Yan Pillitteri, Andrew Regenscheid
An organization often has mission and business-based needs to exchange (share) information with one or more other internal or external organizations via various information exchange channels. However, it is recognized that the information being exchanged

Status Report on the Second Round of the NIST Lightweight Cryptography Standardization Process

July 20, 2021
Author(s)
Meltem Sonmez Turan, Kerry McKay, Donghoon Chang, Cagdas Calik, Lawrence E. Bassham, Jinkeon Kang, John M. Kelsey
The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) is in the process of selecting one or more authenticated encryption and hashing schemes suitable for constrained environments through a public, competition-like process. In February 2019, 57

Performance Evaluation of the NDN Data Plane Using Statistical Model Checking

July 19, 2021
Author(s)
Siham Khoussi, Lotfi Benmohamed, Abdella Battou, Junxiao Shi, James Filliben, Saddek Bensalem, Ayoub Nouri
Named Data Networking (NDN) is an emerging technology for a future Internet architecture that addresses weaknesses of the Internet Protocol (IP). Since Internet users and applications have demonstrated an ever-increasing need for high speed packet
Displaying 1 - 25 of 53301