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NIST Authors in Bold

Displaying 10951 - 10975 of 53147

Effects of Dose Fractionation on the Response of Alanine Dosimetry

June 28, 2014
Author(s)
Marc F. Desrosiers, John Logar, Brad Lundahl
Alanine dosimetry is well established as a transfer standard and is becoming more prevalently used as a routine dosimetry system for radiation processing. Many routine measurement applications in radiation processing involve absorbed dose measurements

Permanents, alpha-permanents and Sinkhorn balancing

June 28, 2014
Author(s)
F Sullivan, Isabel M. Beichl
The method of Sinkhorn balancing that starts with a non-negative square matrix and iterates to produce a related doubly stochastic matrix has been used with some success to estimate the values of the permanent in some cases of physical interest, However it

Persistence-based Structural Recognition

June 28, 2014
Author(s)
Chunyuan Li
This paper presents a framework for object recognition using topological persistence. In particular, we show that the so-called persistence diagrams built from functions defined on the objects can serve as compact and informative descriptors for images and

Community Resilience: The Role of the Built Environment

June 27, 2014
Author(s)
Therese P. McAllister
Buildings and infrastructure systems play a key role in communities by supporting social needs and institutions, including housing, business, government, industry, and other vital services. The concept of community resilience addresses the way that

Multiple High-Temperature Transitions Driven by Dynamical Structures in NaI

June 27, 2014
Author(s)
M. E. Manley, J.R. Jeffries, H. Lee, Nicholas P. Butch, D. L. Abernathy
Multiple, consecutive high-temperature transitions in NaI involving dynamical order and/or localization in the energy-momentum spectrum but not in the average crystal structure are revealed by lattice dynamics, x-ray lattice spacing, and heat capacity

Preserving Privacy – More Than Reading a Message

June 27, 2014
Author(s)
Susanne M. Furman, Mary F. Theofanos
Social media has become a mainstream activity where people share all kinds of personal and intimate details about their lives. These social networking sites (SNS) allow users to conveniently authenticate to the third party website by using their SNS

Quasiparticle scattering from topological crystalline insulator SnTe (001) surface states

June 27, 2014
Author(s)
Duming Zhang, Hongwoo H. Baek, Jeonghoon Ha, Tong Zhang, Jonathan E. Wyrick, Albert Davydov, Young Kuk, Joseph A. Stroscio
Recently, the topological classification of electronic states has been extended to a new class of matter known as topological crystalline insulators. Similar to topological insulators, topological crystalline insulators also have spin-momentum locked

A classical channel model for gravitational decoherence

June 26, 2014
Author(s)
Jacob M. Taylor, Dvir Kafri, G J. Milburn
We show that, by treating the gravitational interaction between two mechanical resonators as a classical measurement channel, a gravitational decoherence model results that is equivalent to a model first proposed by Diosi. The resulting decoherence model

Interface Engineering to Control Magnetic Field Effects of Organic-Based Devices by Using a Molecular Self-Assembled Monolayer

June 26, 2014
Author(s)
Hyuk-Jae Jang, Sujitra J. Pookpanratana, Alyssa N. Brigeman, Regis J. Kline, James I. Basham, David J. Gundlach, Christina A. Hacker, Oleg A. Kirillov, Oana Jurchescu, Curt A. Richter
Organic semiconductors hold immense promise for the development of a wide range of innovative devices with their excellent electronic and manufacturing characteristics. Of particular interest are non-magnetic organic semiconductors that show unusual

A nonlinearity in permanent-magnet systems used in watt balances

June 25, 2014
Author(s)
Shisong Li, Stephan Schlamminger, Jon R. Pratt
In watt balances that employ permanent magnet systems to generate the magnetic flux the effects of the weighing current on the magnet systems can generate a systematic bias that can lead to an error in the result if not accounted for. In this article a

Interrelationship between Number of Mobile Protons, Diffusion Coefficient, and AC Conductivity in Superprotonic Conductors, CsHSO 4 and Rb 3 H(SeO 4 ) 2

June 25, 2014
Author(s)
Kazuya Kamazawa, Masashi Harada, Toru Araki, Yasumitsu Matsuo, Madhu Sudan Tyagi, Jun Sugiyama
Using quasielastic neutron scattering (QENS), we investigated proton dynamics for two superprotonic conductors, CsHSO4 and Rb2H(SeO4)2. In the superprotonic conducting phase, two translational proton motions were observed for the both compounds. Making

SRM Spotlight July 2014

June 25, 2014
Author(s)
Regina R. Montgomery
The SRM Spotlight is a newsletter published by the Office of Reference Materials for users of NIST standard reference materials. The Spotlight announces new reference materials and provides information about their use. In addition, this newsletter contains

Vapor Phase Metal-Assisted Chemical Etching of Silicon

June 25, 2014
Author(s)
Owen J. Hildreth, Daniel R. Schmidt
This work introduces and explores vapor phase metal‐assisted chemical etching (VP‐MaCE) of silicon as a method to bypass some of the challenges found in traditional liquid phase metal‐assisted chemical etching (LP‐MaCE). Average etch rates for Ag, Au, and

LDPC Error Correction for Gb/s QKD

June 24, 2014
Author(s)
Alan Mink, Anastase Nakassis
Low Density Parity Check (LDPC) error correction is a one-way algorithm that has become popular for quantum key distribution (QKD) post-processing. Graphic processing units (GPUs) provide an interesting attached platform that may deliver Gb/s error

Modelling the vertical UL 94 test: Competition and collaboration between melt dripping, gasification and combustion

June 24, 2014
Author(s)
Florian Kempel, Bernhard Schartel, Julio M. Marti, Kathryn M. Butler, Riccardo Rossi, Sergio R. Idelsohn, Anja Hofmann
An experimental and numerical investigation of the impact of the additives bisphenol A bis(diphenyl phosphate) (BDP) and polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) on the fire behaviour of bisphenol A polycarbonate / acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (PC/ABS) in the
Displaying 10951 - 10975 of 53147