, John J. Pekarik
As compared to the scope of the RF and AMS International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors (ITRS) Technical Working Group (ITWG) for the 2011 ITRS, the scope for the 2012 Update includes both wireless and tethered RF and AMS technologies. The requirements for transceiver ICs are technology drivers that contribute substantially to the recent ITRS-defined More-than-Moore (MtM) thrust. This 2012 ITRS RF and AMS Chapter Update is divided into the four analog-carrier frequency bands low frequency (LF) 0.0 GHz 0.4 GHz, radio frequency (RF) 0.4 GHz 30 GHz, millimeter-wave (mm-wave) 30 GHz 300 GHz, and terahertz (THz) greater than 300 GHz. Figure 1 lists a few examples of applications for each of these bands.
2012 ITRS Update
field effect, bipolar. millimeter-wave, embedded, passive, and active devices, More-than-Moore, heterogeneous integration, compound semiconductors, microelecromechanical systems (MEMS), and complementary metal oxide semiconductors (CMOS).