Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

MEMS Young's Modulus and Step Height Measurements with Round Robin Results

Published

Author(s)

Janet M. Cassard, Richard A. Allen, Craig D. McGray, Jon C. Geist

Abstract

This paper presents the results of a microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) Young s modulus and step height round robin experiment, completed in April 2009, which compares Young s modulus and step height measurement results at a number of laboratories. The purpose of the round robin was to provide data for the precision and bias statements of two related Semiconductor Equipment and Materials International (SEMI) standard test methods for MEMS. The technical basis for the test methods on Young s modulus and step height measurements are also provided in this paper. Using the same test method, the goal of the round robin was to assess the repeatability of measurements at one laboratory, by the same operator, with the same equipment, in the shortest practical period of time as well as the reproducibility of measurements with independent data sets from unique combinations of measurement setups and researchers. Both the repeatability and reproducibility measurements were done on random test structures made of the same homogeneous material. The average repeatability Young s modulus value (as obtained from resonating oxide cantilevers) was 64.2 GPa with 95 % limits of 10.3 % and an average combined standard uncertainty value of 3.1 GPa. The average reproducibility Young s modulus value was 62.8 GPa with 95 % limits of 11.0 % and an average combined standard uncertainty value of 3.0 GPa. The average repeatability step height value (for a metal2-over-poly1 step from active area to field oxide) was 0.477 m with 95 % limits of 7.9 % and an average combined standard uncertainty value of 0.014 m. The average reproducibility step height value was 0.481 m with 95 % limits of 6.2 % and an average combined standard uncertainty value of 0.014 m. In summary, this paper demonstrates that a reliable methodology can be used to measure Young s modulus and step height. Furthermore, a micro and nano technology (MNT) 5-in-1 standard reference material (SRM) can be used by
Citation
Journal of Research (NIST JRES) -
Volume
115

Keywords

interferometry, microelectromechanical systems, round robin, standard test methods, step height, test structure, vibrometry, Young s modulus

Citation

Cassard, J. , Allen, R. , McGray, C. and Geist, J. (2010), MEMS Young's Modulus and Step Height Measurements with Round Robin Results, Journal of Research (NIST JRES), National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, [online], https://tsapps.nist.gov/publication/get_pdf.cfm?pub_id=904949 (Accessed May 22, 2024)

Issues

If you have any questions about this publication or are having problems accessing it, please contact reflib@nist.gov.

Created September 30, 2010, Updated November 14, 2018