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Fire Dynamics Simulator (Version 3): User's Guide (NISTIR 6784)



Kevin B. McGrattan, Glenn P. Forney, J E. Floyd, Simo A. Hostikka


Fire Dynamics Simulator (FDS) is a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model of fire-driven fluid flow. The software described in this document solves numerically a form of the Navier-Stokes equations appropriate for low-speed, thermally-driven flow with an emphasis on smoke and heat transport from fires. The formulation of the equations and the numerical algorithm are contained in a companion document, called "Fire Dynamics Simulator (Version 2) -- Technical Reference Guide" (NISTIR 6783).
NIST Interagency/Internal Report (NISTIR) - 6784
Report Number


fire models, computational fluid dynamics, sprinkler activation, fire plumes, flame spread, simulation, ignition


McGrattan, K. , Forney, G. , Floyd, J. and Hostikka, S. (2001), Fire Dynamics Simulator (Version 3): User's Guide (NISTIR 6784), NIST Interagency/Internal Report (NISTIR), National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, [online], (Accessed April 12, 2024)
Created November 1, 2001, Updated June 2, 2021