Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Effects of Defocus and Algorithm on Optical Step Height Calibration

Published

Author(s)

Theodore D. Doiron, Theodore V. Vorburger, P Sullivan

Abstract

Defocus effects on step height measurements by interferometric microscopy are estimated using different algorithms to calculate the step height. The interferometric microscope is a Mirau-type with a 20x objective and a numerical aperture (NA) of 0.4. Even though the focus is adjusted within the range of the depth of focus, a defocus corresponding to 4 fringes (~1.3 um) distorts the measured profile into a curve with a radius of curvature of about 24 m. The effects of this distortion on step height determination by a basic ISO step height algorithm is estimated to be 0.11 nm/fringe. An algorithm developed by NIST and a second-order fitted ISO step height algorithm show good robustness against defocus errors. Because of sample imperfection, a discrepancy of about 1% exists among step height values determined by the different algorithms at the optimum fringe contrast position. It has been pointed out theoretically that the NA correction factor varies with the difference of optical path length between the sample and the reference surface. However, in our case, the changes of optical path length do not change the NA correction factor by more than 0.3%.
Citation
Precision Engineering-Journal of the International Societies for Precision Engineering and Nanotechnology
Volume
23(3)

Keywords

focus, interferometric microscopy, NA correction factor, phase-measuring, phase-shifting, step height, surface, topography

Citation

Doiron, T. , Vorburger, T. and Sullivan, P. (1999), Effects of Defocus and Algorithm on Optical Step Height Calibration, Precision Engineering-Journal of the International Societies for Precision Engineering and Nanotechnology (Accessed June 18, 2021)
Created July 1, 1999, Updated February 19, 2017