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Characteristics of Graphene for Quantized Hall Effect Measurements



Randolph E. Elmquist, Mariano A. Real, Irene G. Calizo, Brian G. Bush, Tian T. Shen, Nikolai N. Klimov, David B. Newell, Angela R. Hight Walker, Randall M. Feenstra


This paper describes concepts and measurement techniques necessary for characterization of graphene in the development of graphene-based quantized Hall effect (QHE) devices and resistance standards. We briefly contrast the properties of graphene produced by three common processing methods and discuss the conditions necessary for well-developed resistance plateaus to be observed. Methods used to determine the graphene layer thickness are presented. These metrologically relevant characteristics of graphene are correlated with electrical transport measurements in strong magnetic fields.
Proceedings Title
CPEM 2012 Conference Digest
Conference Dates
July 2-6, 2012
Conference Location
Washington, DC
Conference Title
Conference on Precision Electromagnetic Measurements 2012


Electrical resistance measurements, graphene, material properties, measurement standards, quantum Hall effect


Elmquist, R. , Real, M. , Calizo, I. , Bush, B. , Shen, T. , Klimov, N. , Newell, D. , Hight, A. and Feenstra, R. (2012), Characteristics of Graphene for Quantized Hall Effect Measurements, CPEM 2012 Conference Digest, Washington, DC, [online], (Accessed July 17, 2024)


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Created June 1, 2012, Updated February 19, 2017