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An Additive Manufacturing Test Artifact



Shawn P. Moylan, John A. Slotwinski, A L. Cooke, Kevin K. Jurrens, M A. Donmez


We propose a test artifact, intended for standardization, for the purpose of evaluating the performance of additive manufacturing (AM) systems. A thorough analysis of previously proposed AM test artifacts as well as experience with machining test artifacts have inspired the design of the proposed test artifact. This new artifact is designed to provide a characterization of a machine's or processes' capabilities and limitations as well as to allow process improvement by linking specific errors measured in the test artifact to specific sources in the AM system. The proposed test artifact has been built in multiple materials by multiple AM processes. We discuss the results of several of the builds and demonstrate how the measurement results can be used to characterize and improve a specific AM process.
Journal of Research (NIST JRES) - 119.017
Report Number


additive manufacturing, 3D printing, test artifact, benchmarking, performance characterization


Moylan, S. , Slotwinski, J. , Cooke, A. , Jurrens, K. and Donmez, M. (2014), An Additive Manufacturing Test Artifact, Journal of Research (NIST JRES), National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, [online], (Accessed May 24, 2024)


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Created October 23, 2014, Updated November 10, 2018