Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Spectrum of Th-Ar Hollow Cathode Lamps, Bibliography

Burns, Adams, and Longwell (1950) (BAL)
K. Burns, K. B. Adams, and J. Longwell, “Interference Measurements in the Spectra of Neon and Natural Mercury,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 40, 339

Birch & Downs (1993)
K. P. Birch & M. J. Downs, “An updated Edlen equation for the refractive index of air,” Metrologia  30, 155.

Crosswhite (1975) (CW)
Crosswhite, H.M., “The Iron-Neon Hollow-Cathode Spectrum,” J. Res. Natl. Bur. Stand. (U.S.) 79A, 17

DeGraffenreid & Sansonetti (2002)
DeGraffenreid, W., Sansonetti, C.J., 2002, “Reference Lines in the Optogalvanic Spectra of Uranium and Thorium over the Wavelength Range 694 nm to 755 nm,” J. Opt. Soc. Am, B19, 1715.

Edlén (1966)
B. Edlén, “The Refractive Index of Air,” Metrologia 2, 71–80 (1966)

Engleman, Hinkle, & Wallace (2003) (EHW03)
Engleman Jr., R., Hinkle, K. H., Wallace, L. 2003, “The Near-Infrared Spectrum of a Th/Ar hollow Cathode Lamp,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 78, 1.

Ehrhardt (1970) (HER)
J. C. Ehrhardt, “Analysis of the Atomic Spectrum of Gold,” Ph. D. Dissertation, Univ. California, Berkeley, CA, 107 pp.

Giacchetti et al. (1974)
Giacchetti, A., Blaise, J., Corliss, C., & Zalubas, R. 1974, “Proposed Secondary Wavelength Standards and line Classifications in Thorium Spectra Between 0.9 and 3 µm,” JRNBS, 78A, 247

Giacchetti, Stanley, & Zalubas (1970)
Giacchetti, A., Stanley, R. W., & Zalubas, R. 1970, “Proposed Secondary-Standard Wavelengths in the Spectrum of Thorium,”JOSA, 60, 474

Gremmer (1928) (GRE)
W. Gremmer, “Ergänzungen zu den Spektren des Neons, Argons und Kryptons,” Z. Phys. 50, 716–724 (1928) (Ger.)

Humphreys, Paul & Adams (1961) (HPA)
C. J. Humphreys, E. Paul, Jr., and K. B. Adams, “Infrared Atomic Spectra,” Nav. Ordnance Lab. Quarterly Report: Foundational Research Projects, NAVWEPS Report 7190, 11–28 (Corona, CA)

Kerber et al. (2008) (KNS08)
Kerber, F., Nave, G., Sansonetti, "The Spectrum of Th-Ar Hollow Cathode Lamps in the 691-5804 nm Region: Establishing Wavelength Standards for the Calibration of Infrared Spectrographs," Astrophys. J. Suppl. Series

Kramida & Nave (2006) (HP, MP, N04)
Kramida, A.E., Nave, G., “The Ne II spectrum,” 2006, Eur. Phys. J. D. 39, 331

Lovis & Pepe (2007) (LP07)
Lovis,C., Pepe, F., 2007, “A new list of thorium and argon spectral lines in the visible,” Astron. Astrophys. 468, 1115

Meggers & Humphreys (1933) (MH1)
W. F. Meggers and C. J. Humphreys, “Infra-Red Spectra of Neon, Argon, and Krypton,” J. Res. Natl. Bur. Stand. (U.S.) 10(RP540), 427–448 (1933)

Meggers & Humphreys (1934) (MH2)
W. F. Meggers and C. J. Humphreys, (1934) “Interference Measurements in the Spectra of Noble Gases,” J. Res. Natl. Bur. Stand. (U.S.) 13, 293–309 (1934)

National Solar Observatory Digital Library (2007)
National Solar Observatory Digital Library (online)

Palmer & Engleman (1983) (PE83)
Palmer, B. A., Engleman Jr., R. 1983, “Atlas of the Thorium Spectrum,” Los Alamos National Laboratory Report, LA-9615.

Paschen, (1919) (PAS)
Paschen, F., “Das Spektrum des Neon,” Ann. Phys. (Leipzig) 365, 405(1919) (Ger.)

Persson (1971) (P71)
W. Persson, “The Spectrum of Singly Ionized Neon, Ne II,” Phys. Scr. 3, 133–155 (1971)

Quinet, Palmeri & Biémont, (1994) (Q94)
P. Quinet, P. Palmeri, and E. Biémont, “New Energy Levels in Ne II Deduced from FTS Spectra in the Infrared Region (1800-9000 cm-1),” Phys. Scr. 49, 436–445 (1994)

Redman, Nave & Sansonetti (2014) (RNS13)
Redman, S.L., Nave, G., Sansonetti, C.J., 2014, "The Spectrum of Thorium from 250 nm to 5500 nm: Ritz Wavelengths and Optimized Energy Levels," Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 211, 4.

Sansonetti (2007)
Sansonetti, C. J., 2007, "Comment on 'Argon I lines produced in a hollow cathode source, 332 nm to 5865 nm'," J. Res. NIST 112, 297.

Sansonetti et al. (1992) (SRSA)
Sansonetti, J.E.,  Reader, J.,  Sansonetti, C.J., and  Acquista, N., “Atlas of the Spectrum of a Platinum/Neon Hollow-Cathode Reference Lamp in the Region 1130-4330 Å,” J. Res. Natl. Inst. Stand. Technol. 97(1), 1

Sansonetti, Blackwell & Saloman (2004) (SBS)
C. J. SansonettiM. M. Blackwell, and E. B. Saloman, “High-Resolution Observations of the Infrared Spectrum of Neutral Neon,” J. Res. Natl. Inst. Stand. Technol. 109, 371

Saloman & Sansonetti (2004)
Saloman, E.B., Sansonetti, C.J., 2004, “Wavelengths, energy level classifications, and energy levels for the spectrum of neutral neon,” J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 33, 1113.

Saloman (2010)
Saloman, E.B., “Energy Levels and Observed Spectral Lines of Ionized Argon, Ar II through Ar XVIII,” 2010, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 39, 033101

Whaling et al.(1995) (95WHA)
Whaling,W., Anderson, W. H. C., Carle, M. T., Brault, J. W., Zarem, H. A., 1995, “Argon Ion Linelist and Level Energies in the Hollow-Cathode Discharge,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 53, 1.

Whaling et al. (2002)
Whaling,W., Anderson, W. H. C., Carle, M. T., Brault, J. W., Zarem, H. A., 2002, “Argon I lines produced in a Hollow Cathode Source, 332 nm to 5865 nm,” J. Res. NIST 107, 149.

Wilkinson & Andrew (1963) (WA)
P. G. Wilkinson K. L. Andrew, “Proposed Standard Wavelengths in the Vacuum Ultraviolet. Spectra of Ge, Ne, C, Hg, and N,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 53, 710

Zalubas, (1976) (Z76)
Zalubas, R., 1976, “Energy Levels, Classified Lines, and Zeeman Effect of Neutral Thorium,” JRNBS, 80A, 221

Zalubas & Corliss (1974) (ZC74)
Zalubas, R. & Corliss, C. 1974, “Energy Levels and Classified Lines in the Second Spectrum of Thorium (Th II),” JRNBS, 78A, 163


Created December 27, 2017, Updated May 23, 2023