The interpretation of scatterometry measurements generally assumes that the grating extends over an area large enough to intercept all the illumination provided by an incident beam. However, in practice, the gratings used in scatterometry are relatively small. Thus, the detected light also includes both that scattered by the grating as well as that from a region surrounding the grating because, generally, the incident beam illuminates both the grating and the surrounding region. To model the effects of such real structures, simulations of the effective reflectance were performed whereby the reflection from the grating was considered to be the sum of the diffraction by the grating and the diffraction of the surrounding region, taking into account the beam profile. To demonstrate the model, the illumination field was assumed to be Gaussian. Results are shown for a specific target design consisting of a 50 m square measured by normal incidence reflectometry. Significant errors occur when the incident profile has wings that fall outside of the profile and when the scattered light is partially apertured.
Conference Dates: February 25, 2008
Conference Location: San Jose, CA
Conference Title: Proceedings of the SPIE, Volume 6922
Pub Type: Conferences
critical dimension, diffraction, gratings, metrology, process control, scatterometry, standards