Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Dot gov

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Https

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you've safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Reference Format for NIST Publications

How to Cite NIST Technical Series Publications

Only include fields that are applicable to your reference. 

NIST listed as the author:

Author (Year) Title. (U.S. Department of Commerce, Washington, D.C.), NIST Series (Series Abbreviation) Report Number, Ed., Vol., Rev., Type and Date of updates/change order. https://doi.org/DOI

  • Example: National Institute of Standards and Technology (2001) Security Requirements for Cryptographic Modules. (Department of Commerce, Washington, D.C.), Federal Information Processing Standards Publications (FIPS PUBS) 140-2, Change Notice 2 December 03, 2002. https://doi.org/10.6028/nist.fips.140-2
  • BibTeX Example: 
    @techreport{FIPS1402,
       author = {National Institute of Standards and Technology},
       title = {Security Requirements for Cryptographic Modules},
       institution = {U.S. Department of Commerce},
       address= {Washington, D.C.},
       number = {Federal Information Processing Standards Publications (FIPS PUBS) 140-2, Change Notice 2 December 03, 2002},
       DOI = {10.6028/nist.fips.140-2},
       year = {2001},
    }

Individuals/Group listed as the author:

Author (Year) Title. (National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD), NIST Series (Series Abbreviation) Report Number, Ed., Vol., Rev., Type and Date of updates/change order. https://doi.org/DOI

  • Example: Joint Task Force Transformation Initiative Interagency Working Group (2013) Security and Privacy Controls for Federal Information Systems and Organizations. (National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD), NIST Special Publication (SP) 800-53, Rev. 4, Includes updates as of January 22, 2015. https://doi.org/10.6028/NIST.SP.800-53r4
  • BibTeX Example:
    @techreport{SP80053r4,
       author = {Joint Task Force Transformation Initiative Interagency Working Group},
       title = {Security and Privacy Controls for Federal Information Systems and Organizations},
       institution = {National Institute of Standards and Technology},
       address= {Gaithersburg, MD},
       number = {NIST Special Publication (SP) 800-53, Rev. 4, Includes updates as of January 22, 2015},
       DOI = {10.6028/NIST.SP.800-53r4},
       year = {2013},
    }

How to Format References for NIST Technical Series Publications

Only include fields that are applicable to your reference. 

Books/Chapters

Author (Year) Title (Publisher, Place Published|), Vol., Ed.  Available at URL.

  • Example: Giancoli DC (2008) Physics for scientists and engineers with modern physics (Pearson Education, Upper Saddle River, N.J.), 4th Ed.

Author (Year) Title. Book Title, ed(s) Editor(s) (Publisher, Place Published), Vol., Chapter, Ed., pp.

  • Example: Chilson P (2008) The Border. The Best American Travel Writing 2008, ed Bourdain A (Boston, MA, Houghton Mifflin Company), Vol. 1, Chapter 8, 3rd Ed., pp 44–51.

Conference Papers

Author (Year) Title. Conference Name/Proceedings Title, ed(s) Editor(s) (Publisher, Conference Location), pp. https://doi.org/DOI

  • Example: Maloney TJ (2016) Unified model of 1-D pulsed heating, combining Wunsch-Bell with the Dwyer curve. 38th Electrical Overstress/Electrostatic Discharge Symposium (EOS/ESD), (IEEE, Garden Grove, CA), pp 1-8. https://doi.org/10.1109/eosesd.2016.7592562

Journal Articles

Author (Year) Title. Journal Volume(Issue):Pages. https://doi.org/DOI

  • Example: Taylor BN (2011) The current SI seen from the perspective of the proposed new SI. Journal of Research of the National Institute of Standards and Technology 116(6):797. https://doi.org/10.6028/jres.116.022

Legal Rule or Regulation

Name, Volume Source § xxx (Year).

  • Example: Special safeguards for automated records, 5 C.F.R. § 293.107 (2011).

Public Law / Statute

Name of Act, Pub. L. No. Number, § Section number, Volume number Stat. Page number (Year).

  • Example: National Institute of Standards and Technology Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1989, Pub. L. No. 100-519, § 107, 102 Stat. 2591 (1988). 

NIST Technical Reports (see above)

Standards

Institution (Year) Rule Number – Title (Publisher, Place Published), pp. https://doi.org/DOI

  • Example: ASTM International (2018) ASTM C1012/C1012M-18a – Standard Test Method for Length Change of Hydraulic-Cement Mortars Exposed to a Sulfate Solution (ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA). https://doi.org/10.1520/C1012_C1012M-18A

Thesis

Author (Year) Title. Thesis Type. (University, Place Published). Available at URL.

Websites

Author (Year) Title of Webpage. Available at URL. 

Created February 16, 2021