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Voting Systems

Publication Type Title
2/2/2016 NIST SP 1500-100 Election Results Common Data Format Specification
7/24/2015 NISTIR 8069 Systematic Measurement of Marginal Mark Types on Voting Ballots
9/15/2014   The IEEE VSSC/1622: Voting System Standards
8/9/2010   Performance Requirements for End-to-End Verifiable Elections
9/25/2009   Desirable Properties of Voting Systems
8/26/2009   A VVSG-derived Model of Election Data
10/9/2008   Electronic Voting
4/1978 NIST SP 500-30
(originially NBSIR 75-786)
Effective Use of Computing Technology in Vote Tallying

Human Factors (Usability and Accessibility)

12/22/2015 NISTIR 8047 Cloud-based Accessibility for Voting Applications
1/5/2012 NISTGCR 12-956 Development of Appropriate Test Markings for Optical Scan Voting Machines, Phase 2: Analysis of Ballot Markings
5/2/2011   Development of Appropriate Test Markings for Optical Scan Voting Machines, Phase 1: Ballot Scanning and Collection
5/2009 NISTIR 7596 Guidelines for Writing Clear Instructions and Messages for Voters and Poll Workers
5/2009 NISTIR 7556 Report of Findings: Use of Language in Ballot Instructions
10/2008 NISTIR 7537 Guidelines for Using Color in Voting Systems
8/2008 NISTIR 7519 Style Guide for Voting System Documentation
4/1/2004 NIST SP 500-256 Improving the Usability and Accessibility of Voting Systems and Products


9/2011 NISTIR 7711 Security Best Practices for the Electronic Transmission of Election Materials for UOCAVA Voters
9/2011 NISTIR 7682 Information System Security Best Practices for UOCAVA-Supporting Systems
2/2011 NISTIR 7770 Security Considerations for Remote Electronic UOCAVA Voting
10/4/2010   On the Privacy Threats of Electronic Poll Books
7/21/2010   Sigma Ballots
2/1/2010   Attacking Paper-Based E2E Voting Systems
12/2008 NISTIR 7551 A Threat Analysis on UOCAVA Voting Systems
8/1988 NIST SP 500-158 Accuracy, Integrity, and Security in Computerized Vote-Tallying

Additional Voting Publications

Date Title
1998-2006 Sample State and Local Ballots
2005 Glossary and References from the 2005 Voluntary Voting System Guidelines (VVSG version 1.0)
1934 Election Administration in the United States, by Joseph Harris


Additional NIST Resources

Date Title
October 16, 2014 Avoiding Catastrophes in Cyberspace through Smarter Testing: How to prevent Heartbleed-like disasters using readily available testing technologies
February 23, 2015

NIST IR 8023: Risk Management for Replication Devices


Created October 19, 2012, Updated March 15, 2021