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Voting Systems

Publication TypeTitle
2/2/2016NIST SP 1500-100Election Results Common Data Format Specification
7/24/2015NISTIR 8069Systematic Measurement of Marginal Mark Types on Voting Ballots
9/15/2014 The IEEE VSSC/1622: Voting System Standards
8/9/2010 Performance Requirements for End-to-End Verifiable Elections
9/25/2009 Desirable Properties of Voting Systems
8/26/2009 A VVSG-derived Model of Election Data
10/9/2008 Electronic Voting
4/1978NIST SP 500-30
(originially NBSIR 75-786)
Effective Use of Computing Technology in Vote Tallying

Human Factors (Usability and Accessibility)

12/22/2015NISTIR 8047Cloud-based Accessibility for Voting Applications
1/5/2012NISTGCR 12-956Development of Appropriate Test Markings for Optical Scan Voting Machines, Phase 2: Analysis of Ballot Markings
5/2/2011 Development of Appropriate Test Markings for Optical Scan Voting Machines, Phase 1: Ballot Scanning and Collection
5/2009NISTIR 7596Guidelines for Writing Clear Instructions and Messages for Voters and Poll Workers
5/2009NISTIR 7556Report of Findings: Use of Language in Ballot Instructions
10/2008NISTIR 7537Guidelines for Using Color in Voting Systems
8/2008NISTIR 7519Style Guide for Voting System Documentation
4/1/2004NIST SP 500-256Improving the Usability and Accessibility of Voting Systems and Products


9/2011NISTIR 7711Security Best Practices for the Electronic Transmission of Election Materials for UOCAVA Voters
9/2011NISTIR 7682Information System Security Best Practices for UOCAVA-Supporting Systems
2/2011NISTIR 7770Security Considerations for Remote Electronic UOCAVA Voting
10/4/2010 On the Privacy Threats of Electronic Poll Books
7/21/2010 Sigma Ballots
2/1/2010 Attacking Paper-Based E2E Voting Systems
12/2008NISTIR 7551A Threat Analysis on UOCAVA Voting Systems
8/1988NIST SP 500-158Accuracy, Integrity, and Security in Computerized Vote-Tallying

Additional Voting Publications

1998-2006Sample State and Local Ballots
2005Glossary and References from the 2005 Voluntary Voting System Guidelines (VVSG version 1.0)
1934Election Administration in the United States, by Joseph Harris


Additional NIST Resources

October 16, 2014Avoiding Catastrophes in Cyberspace through Smarter Testing: How to prevent Heartbleed-like disasters using readily available testing technologies
February 23, 2015

NIST IR 8023: Risk Management for Replication Devices


Created October 19, 2012, Updated November 15, 2019