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World Trade Center Disaster Study Reports and Other Publications

 

Publications Related to the Use of Elevators During Fires

Collected Publications Related to the Use of Elevators During Fires (NIST SP 983, May 2000)
In the wake of the September 11 attacks in the US provisions for emergency egress from tall buildings are being re-examined, worldwide. Possibilities being discussed include the utilization of protected elevators with stairways for both occupant egress and fire service access. These have been discussed over the years and have been the subject of research by a number of parties, including a cooperative program between NIST, the National Research Council of Canada, and the US elevator industry.

Publications Related to 1993 World Trade Center Bombing

Study of Occupant Behavior During the World Trade Center Evacuation: Preliminary Report of Results., 1995
On February 26, 1993, shortly after noon, a bomb exploded in a subterranean garage below the World Trade Center plaza in New York City. The explosions and subsequent fire caused extensive structural damage on several basement levels, interfered with the operation of the fire protection and other emergency systems and resulted in the evacuation of over 100,000 occupants of the complex....

Human Behavior in the World Trade Center Evacuation. March, 1997
An explosion below the World Trade Center plaza in New York City on February 26, 1993, killed six workers, and resulted in injuries to over 1,000 occupants as they made their way out of the affected buildings. The explosion and subsequent fire caused extensive structural damage on several basement levels, interfered with the operation of the fire protection and other emergency systems and resulted in the evacuation of tens of thousands of occupants of the complex....

Enhancement of EXIT89 and Analysis of World Trade Center Data. Final Report. August 1994-August 1995
The features of an enhanced model for egress from fires in non-residential occupancies is presented along with a users manual describing the use of the model. The enhancements to the model include analysis of locations of safety, smoke blockages, disabled occupants, and delays in egress....

Created June 30, 2011, Updated February 28, 2017