Community resilience is the ability to prepare for anticipated hazards, adapt to changing conditions, and withstand and recover rapidly from disruptions. Activities, such as disaster preparedness—which includes prevention, protection, mitigation, response and recovery—are key steps to resilience.
NIST manages a multi-faceted program, assisting communities and stakeholders on issues related to buildings and the interdependencies of physical infrastructure systems. The Community Resilience Program, part of NIST's broader disaster resilience work, complements efforts by others in the public and private sectors. NIST focuses on research, community planning and guidance and stakeholder engagement.
The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) is conducting research in community resilience. Among other locales, NIST has worked closely with Nashua, New Hampshire. Nashua’s leadership in community resilience is an excellent example of the goals described in the newly published National Mitigation Investment Strategy (NMIS). In the NMIS, the federal government seeks to promote and integrate hazard mitigation as an essential component of comprehensive emergency management. NMIS emphasizes the importance of information sharing between emergency managers and community planners, strategy coordination, and better tools to measure risk and communicate it to stakeholders.
>>Read more of this guest blog post by Justin Kates, Nashua Office of Emergency Management (OEM) Director.
Community resilience planning is a dynamic process that involves multiple parties with varying interests, issues, and goals. Many communities are developing and implementing resilience plans, however, the needs and challenges vary considerably from place to place. Within the planning process, strong leadership, inclusive collaboration, and decision-making grounded in equity must be given key consideration.
Dr. Therese McAllister, NIST Community Resilience Group Lead and Program Manager, authored a blog post at NewCities, which describes key components of collaborative and equitable community resilience planning.