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Workshop Report for Ambulance Patient Compartment Design



Allison Barnard Feeney, Deogratias Kibira, Yung-Tsun T. Lee, Jennifer L. Marshall


Recently, the U.S Department of Homeland Security Science and Technology Directorate’s Human Factors/Behavioral Sciences Division and First Responder Resources Group sponsored formation of the Ambulance Patient Compartment Design Project. Project participants are NIST, the National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), and BMT Designers and Planners (BMT). The purpose of this Project is to develop standards to address performance and safety issues associated with the design of patient compartments in emergency medical services (EMS) vehicles(i.e., ambulances). NIST hosted the Ambulance Patient Compartment Design Workshop to allow leaders in the EMS community to review and validate the preliminary set of user design requirements, The workshop, facilitated by Energetics Incorporated, was held on February 29, 2012, during the EMS Today Conference and Expo 2012 at the Baltimore Convention Center in Baltimore, Maryland. This document presents the raw output collected byEnergetics and NIST at that workshop. It includes participants combined ratings and comments. It is being published without analysis to keep stakeholders informed as our work progresses. The input wereceived is currently feeding the analysis and selection of the requirements for evaluation and validation prior to modeling.
Technical Note (NIST TN) - 1766
Report Number


ambulance, standard, EMS, EMT, seating, patient compartment, ergonomics, safety, Box I and III, restraint systems


Barnard, A. , Kibira, D. , Lee, Y. and Marshall, J. (2012), Workshop Report for Ambulance Patient Compartment Design, Technical Note (NIST TN), National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, [online], (Accessed July 21, 2024)


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Created November 26, 2012, Updated November 10, 2018