Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Wafer Level Underfill: Experiments and Modeling.



Daniel Josell, William E. Wallace, Daniel Wheeler
NIST Interagency/Internal Report (NISTIR) - 6731
Report Number


Electronic Materials, Flipchip, Microscopy, Simulations & Modeling, Solder, Surface Evolver, Underfill


Josell, D. , Wallace, W. and Wheeler, D. (2001), Wafer Level Underfill: Experiments and Modeling., NIST Interagency/Internal Report (NISTIR), National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, [online],, (Accessed April 17, 2024)
Created December 31, 2000, Updated October 12, 2021