Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

The Visible Cement Data Set



Dale P. Bentz, S Mizell, Steven G. Satterfield, J E. Devaney, William L. George, Peter M. Ketcham, James R. Graham, J E. Porterfield, Daniel A. Quenard, F A. Vallee, H Sallee, E Boller, J Baruchel


With advances in X-ray microtomography, it is now possible to obtain three-dimensional representations of a material's microstructure with a voxel size of less then one micrometer. The Visible Cement Data Set represents a collection of 3-D data sets obtained using the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility in Grenoble, France in September 2000. Most of the images obtained are for hydrating portland cements pastes, with a few data sets representing hydrating Plaster of Paris and a common building brick. All of these data sets are being made available on the Visible Cement Data Set website at The website includes the raw 3-D datafiles, a description of the material imaged for each data set, example two-dimensional images and visualizations for each data set, and a collection of C language computer programs that will be of use in processing and analyzing the 3-D microstructural images. This paper provides the details of the experiments performed at the ESRF, the analysis procedures utilized in obtaining the data set files, and a few representative example images for each of the three materials investigated.
Journal of Research (NIST JRES) -
107 No. 2


cement hydration, image analysis, microstructure, Plaster of Paris, visualization, x-ray microtomography


Bentz, D. , Mizell, S. , Satterfield, S. , Devaney, J. , George, W. , Ketcham, P. , Graham, J. , Porterfield, J. , Quenard, D. , Vallee, F. , Sallee, H. , Boller, E. and Baruchel, J. (2002), The Visible Cement Data Set, Journal of Research (NIST JRES), National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, [online], (Accessed June 19, 2024)


If you have any questions about this publication or are having problems accessing it, please contact

Created March 1, 2002, Updated February 19, 2017