Van der Waals interfaces in epitaxial vertical metal/2D/3D semiconductor heterojunctions of monolayer MoS2 and GaN
Dmitry A. Ruzmetov, Albert Davydov, Andrei A. Kolmakov, Andrew A. Herzing, Anthony G. Birdwell
A promising approach for high speed and high power electronics is to integrate two-dimensional (2D) materials with conventional electronic components such as bulk (3D) semiconductors and metals. In this study we explore a basic integration step of inserting a single monolayer MoS2 (1L-MoS2) inside a Au/p-GaN junction and elucidate how it impacts the structural and electrical properties of the junction. Epitaxial 1L-MoS2 in the form of 1-2 μm triangle domains are grown by powder vaporization on a p-doped GaN substrate, and the Au capping layer is deposited by evaporation. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) of the van der Waals interface indicates that 1L-MoS2 remained distinct and intact between the Au and GaN and that the Au is epitaxial to GaN only when the 1L-MoS2 is present. Quantitative TEM analyses of the van der Waals interfaces are performed and yielded the atomic plane spacings in the heterojunction. Electrical characterization of the all- epitaxial, vertical Au/1L-MoS2/p-GaN heterojunctions enables the derivations of Schottky barrier heights (SBH) and drawing of the band alignment diagram. Notably, 1L-MoS2 appears to be electronically semi-transparent, and thus can be considered as a modifier to the Au contact rather than an independent semiconductor component forming a pn-junction. The I-V analysis and our first principles calculation indicated Fermi level pinning and substantial band bending in GaN at the interface. Lastly, we illustrate how the depletion regions are formed in a bipolar junction with an ultrathin monolayer component using the calculated distribution of the charge density across the Au/1L-MoS2/GaN junction.
2D materials, beyond CMOS, semiconductors, high power electronics
, Davydov, A.
, Kolmakov, A.
, Herzing, A.
and Birdwell, A.
Van der Waals interfaces in epitaxial vertical metal/2D/3D semiconductor heterojunctions of monolayer MoS2 and GaN, ACS Nano
(Accessed December 5, 2023)