Valley polarization of multi-valleyed materials is of significant interest for potential applications in electronic devices. The main challenge is removing the valley degeneracy in some controllable way. The unique properties of bismuth in terms of its electronic Dirac valley degeneracy and inherent electronic structure anisotropy make this material an excellent system for valleytronics. We demonstrate theoretically that a rotating magnetic field in the binary-bisectrix plane has a profound effect not only on the charge, but also on the thermal transport in the trigonal direction. The rotating field probes the electronic mass anisotropy and tunes the contribution from a particular Dirac valley in the electrical resistivity, Seebeck coefficient, and thermal conductivity at moderate temperatures and field strengths. We further show that this process of field polarization of the transport properties is accompanied by selective filtering of the carriers type providing further opportunities for thermoelectric transport control.
Citation: Advanced Functional Materials
Pub Type: Journals
bismuth, thermoelectrics, valleytronics, thermal transport