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Unconventional structure-assisted optical manipulation of high-index nanowires in liquid crystals

Published

Author(s)

Kristine A. Bertness, David Engstrom, Michael C. Varney, Martin Persson, Rahul P. Trivedi, Mattias Goksor, Ivan I. Smalyukh

Abstract

Stable optical trapping and manipulation of high-index particles in low-index host media is often impossible due to the dominance of scattering forces over gradient forces. Here we explore optical manipulation in liquid crystalline structured hosts and show that robust optical manipulation of high- index particles, such as GaN nanowires, is enabled by laser-induced distortions in long-range molecular alignment, via coupling of translational and rotational motions due to helicoidal molecular arrangement, or due to elastic repulsive interactions with confining substrates. Anisotropy of the viscoelastic liquid crystal medium and particle shape give rise to a number of robust unconventional trapping capabilities, which we use to characterize defect structures and study rheological properties of various thermotropic liquid crystals.
Citation
Optics Express
Volume
20
Issue
7

Keywords

GaN nanowires, laser tweezers, liquid crystals

Citation

Bertness, K. , Engstrom, D. , Varney, M. , Persson, M. , Trivedi, R. , Goksor, M. and Smalyukh, I. (2012), Unconventional structure-assisted optical manipulation of high-index nanowires in liquid crystals, Optics Express, [online], https://doi.org/10.1364/OE.20.007741 (Accessed June 13, 2024)

Issues

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Created March 20, 2012, Updated December 19, 2019