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Thermophysical Properties of Gaseous HBr and BCl3 from Speed-of-Sound Measurements

Published

Author(s)

John J. Hurly

Abstract

The speed of sound in gaseous hydrogen bromide (HBr) and boron trichloride (BCl^3^) was measured using a highly precise acoustic resonance technique. The HBr speed-of-sound measurements span the temperature range 230 K to 440 K and the pressure range from 0.05 MPa to 1.5 MPa. The BCl^3^ speed-of-sound measurements span the temperature range 290 K to 460 K and the pressure range from 0.05 MPa to 0.40 MPa. The pressure range in each fluid was limited to 80 % of the sample s vapor pressure at each temperature. The speed-of-sound data have a relative standard uncertainty of 0.01 %. The data were analyzed to obtain the ideal-gas heat capacities as a function of temperature with a relative standard uncertainty of 0.1 %. The heat capacities agree with those calculated from spectroscopic data within their combined uncertainties. The speeds of sound were fitted with the virial equation of state to obtain the temperature dependent density virial coefficients. Two virial coefficient models were employed, one based on the hard-core square-well intermolecular potential model and the second based on the hard-core Lennard-Jones intermolecular potential model. The resulting virial equations of state reproduced the speed-of-sound measurements to 0.01 % and can be expected to calculate vapor densities with relative standard uncertainty of 0.1 %. Transport properties calculated from the hard-core Lennard-Jones potential model should have a relative standard uncertainty of 10% or less.
Citation
International Journal of Thermophysics
Volume
21
Issue
No. 4

Keywords

BCl^3^, boron trichloride, equation-of-state, HBr, hydrogen bromide, speed of sound, thermodynamic properties, transport properties, virial coefficients

Citation

Hurly, J. (2000), Thermophysical Properties of Gaseous HBr and BCl<sub>3</sub> from Speed-of-Sound Measurements, International Journal of Thermophysics (Accessed June 21, 2024)

Issues

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Created July 1, 2000, Updated June 2, 2021