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Tests on the Performance of Automatic Fire Detectors in Health Care Occupancies: A Preliminary Report.

Published

Author(s)

Richard W. Bukowski

Abstract

The paper reports the results of the first series of eight full-scale fire tests to evaluate the response of automatic fire detectors in health care occupancies to flaming ignition mattress fires. Comparisons were made between three types of detectors (ionization, photoelectric, and heat) installed in the patient room versus in the corridors. For the fire scenario selected (flaming igniton of bedding and mattress), the results indicated that the ionization-type detectors in the patient room provided the maximum time for escape. The maximum time period available for either rescue of an non-ambulatory patient in the room of origin or for use of the corridor past the room of origin as a means of escape averaged only about five minutes. The time available for escape or rescue were based on the time provided between detector alarm and the time that one of several criteria selected for occupant tenability was exceeded.
Citation
NIST Interagency/Internal Report (NISTIR) -

Keywords

corridors, escape, fire detectors, large scale fire tests, heat detectors, hospitals, ionization detectors, mattresses, nursing homes, photoelectric detectors

Citation

Bukowski, R. (1979), Tests on the Performance of Automatic Fire Detectors in Health Care Occupancies: A Preliminary Report., NIST Interagency/Internal Report (NISTIR), National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, [online], https://tsapps.nist.gov/publication/get_pdf.cfm?pub_id=107007 (Accessed April 22, 2024)
Created April 1, 1979, Updated February 19, 2017